SEC110_ Chapter 12

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
OpenID is an example of a web-based federated identity management (FIM) system.?
Passwords provide strong protection.
Geolocation is the identification of the location of a person or object using technology, and can be used as part of an authentication method.?
Using a rainbow table to crack a password requires three steps: Creation of the table, comparing the table to known hash values, and decrypting the password.
?What federated identity management (FIM) relies on token credentials?
What technology allows users to share resources stored on one site with a second site without forwarding their authentication credentials to the other site?
?Select below the decentralized open-source FIM that does not require specific software to be installed on the desktop:
What type of attack involves using every possible combination of letters, numbers, and characters to create candidate digests that are then matched against those in a stolen digest file?
Brute force
Which term below describes the time it takes for a key to be pressed and then released?
dwell time
?What type of one-time password (OTP) changes after a set time period?
Time-based one-time password (TOTP)
What can be used to increase the strength of hashed passwords??
What kind of biometrics utilizes a person’s unique physical characteristics for authentication, such as fingerprints or unique characteristics of a person’s face?
Standard biometrics
?Which hashing algorithm below is used with NTLMv2’s Hashed Message Authentication Code?
The use of a single authentication credential that is shared across multiple networks is called:
identity management
Passwords that are transmitted can be captured by what type of software?
protocol analyzer
A secret combination of letters, numbers, and/or characters that only the user should have knowledge of, is known as a:
a: password
?A U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) smart card that is used for identification of active-duty and reserve military personnel along with civilian employees and special contractors is called:
Common Access Card (CAC)
What variation of a dictionary attack involves a dictionary attack combined with a brute force attack, and will slightly alter dictionary words by adding numbers to the end of the password, spelling words backward, slightly misspelling words, or including special characters?
What is the center of the weakness of passwords?
human memory
?A list of the available nonkeyboard characters can be seen in Windows by opening what utility?
The use of one authentication credential to access multiple accounts or applications is referred to as?
Single Sign On
What type of attack involves an attacker stealing a file containing password digests and comparing the digests with digests created by the attacker?
offline cracking
Which type of biometrics is based on the perception, thought process, and understanding of the user?
Cognitive biometrics
The use of what item below involves the creation of a large pregenerated data set of candidate digests?
Rainbow tables
Using one authentication credential to access multiple accounts or applications.?
Single Sign On
?Five elements that can prove the genuineness of a user: what you know, what you have, what you are, what you do, and where you are.
authentication factors
?A small device that can be affixed to a keychain with a window display that shows a code to be used for authentication.
A password attack in which every possible combination of letters, numbers, and characters is used to create encrypted passwords that are matched against those in a stolen password file.?
brute force attack
A password hashing algorithm that requires significantly more time than standard hashing algorithms to create the digest.?
key stretching
A popular key stretching password hash algorithm?
?A random string that is used in hash algorithms.
?A password attack that slightly alters dictionary words by adding numbers to the end of the password, spelling words backward, slightly mispelling words, or including special characters.
hybrid attack
?A hash used by modern Microsoft Windows operating systems for creating password digests.
NTLM (New Technology LAN Manager) hash
A password attack that creates encrypted versions of common dictionary words and compares them against those in a stolen password file.?
dictionary attack

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