Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid Issue Essay
The Ayodhya issue is a political, historical and socio-religious debate. The controversial issue of Ram Janambhoomi and Babri Masjid has always been a big influence on Indian politics for several decades. The disputed land at Ayodhya in Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh has always played major role in disturbing the communal harmony of India. Ayodhya dispute at a glance: The main issues revolve around access to the birthplace of the Hindu God Rama, the history and location of the Babri Mosque at the site, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished or modified to create the mosque.
The tension started with the Mughal emperor Babar, who entered India after defeating Hindu King Rana Sangram Singh in 1527. Babar made his general Mir Banki in-charge of the area. Banki visited Ayodhya in 1528 and reportedly built a mosque destroying a Hindu Temple. The first Hindu-Muslim riot broke out over the issue in 1853 during British rule. Following the clashes, the then British government erected fences around the place to devide the Hindu-Muslim worship area. Muslims were allowed to offer prayers inner part of the mosque and Hindus to worship outer side of the disputed onstruction.
In the year 1949, the both communities moved the court claiming ownership of the land. Later, the Faizabad District Magistrate declared the place as disputed land and locked the main door of Babri Masjid. On January 16, 1950, one Gopalsingh Visharad filed a petition in Faizabad district court seeking rights for Hindus to visit their lord and offer pujas to Ramlala. In a retaliating suit, the Babri Masjid side also filed a petition on February 21, 1950, claiming that the land should be handed over to Muslims because structure was built by Babar’s General Mir Banki in 1528.
Anger Hindus hold massive demonstration outside the court against the petition. In the year 1959, the Nirmohi Akhara had filed a claim petition in the court and requested transfer of land from the receiver. The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) formed a committee to build Ram Temple at disputed place in Ayodhya in 1984. Later on February 1, 1986, the court granted permission to Hindus to offer pujas at Babri masjid on a petition filed by one Umesh The Judge ruled that the temple be opened for unrestrained Hindu worship.
Subsequently, the Vishwa Hindu Parihad started a nationwide campaign for the eplacement of the existing mosque-turned temple with a proper temple structure. Just after the court verdict in favour of Hindus, Muslim community formed Babri Masjid Sangharsh Samiti to fight for the place. The Ayodhya issue was intensified in 1989 following VHPs move to lay down foundation stone for Ram Temple at the controversial monument on November 1 1 . In the year 1990, the then prime minister Chandrashekhar tried to find out the solution through dialogue but the outcome was zilch.
On December 6, 1992 the structure was demolished by karsevaks, despite a ommitment by the government to the Supreme Court that the mosque would not be harmed. More than 2000 people were killed in the riots following the demolition. On December 16, 1992, Liberhan Commission was set up by the Government of India to probe the circumstances that led to the demolition of Babri structure. It has been longest running commission in India’s history with 48 extensions granted by various governments.
In 1994, the apex court directed acquisition of 70 acres of land at disputed place and maintained the status quo till the final decision on ownership. In his order, the Supreme Court stated that it would not be in favour of democracy if the land was given to a particular community without ownership decision. On June 30, 2009, Liberhan Commission submitted its finding before the Prime Minister but the report was not made public yet. On 23 November 2009 the Liberhan commission report was leaked to the media. The leaked report concluded that the demolition was planned by top leaders of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
The hearing on the ownership of land was completed on July 25, 2010 and final erdict will be delivered by Special Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court on September 24, 2010. Once again the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid controversy has taken centrestage in the country. The debate over the ownership started off between Hindus and Muslims. Heat air has been blowing in the political gallery. State governments have been on high alerts following the possible backlash after the verdict. mileage. In this series, former BJP leader Kalyan Singh visited the Ayodhya on September 16 along with 200 supporters.
The Central government also made an appeal to maintain calm and peace after the erdict. In its appeal government said that the verdict will not be final it will be one step forward to find out the permanent solution to the dispute. Considering the sensitivity of Verdict, the Special Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court has called counsels of the both party to find out any possibility of amicable solution into the matter on September 17. In the lieu with past examples of Hindu-Muslim communal harmony, the High Court hopeful about out of court settlement to set another example of unity.
Common people also want an amicable solution on Friday to avoid any unrest in the ountry. But the million dollar question is remained unanswered. What will happen if both the parties failed to find out any solution into the matter? The verdict is awaited for September 24. If the verdict goes in favour of Babri mosque, it will definitely hurt Hindus sentiments. Muslims will feel the heat of partiality if it goes against them. It seems no conclusion of this dispute in the both circumstances. However, meeting and discussion are on to douse the fire calmly but it will be important to see next development after the court verdict.