Public Speaking ch. 1-4 T/F

question

Public speaking is more highly structured than conversation
answer

True
question

Using the power of visualization to control stage fright means that you should approach your speech as a performance in which the audience is looking for perfection
answer

False
question

Critical thinking is a way of thinking negatively about everything you hear in a speech
answer

False
question

A speakers frame of reference and a listener’s frame of reference will never be the same
answer

True
question

As your textbook explains, the speaker’s message consists only of what the speaker says with language
answer

False
question

When you adjust to the situation of a public speech, you are doing on a larger scale what you do in everyday conversation
answer

True
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The nonverbal message that listeners send back to speakers are called feed-back
answer

True
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Speechmaking becomes more complex as cultural diversity increases
answer

True
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Some nervousness before you speak is usually beneficial
answer

True
question

Ethnocentrism is unique to western cultures such as those in the United States and Europe
answer

False
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As your textbook explains, ethical decisions are essentially a matter of personal whim or opinion
answer

False
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The ethical obligation of a speaker to be fully prepared increases as the size of the audience increases
answer

False
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The aim of a speaker is to accomplish visor her goals by any means necessary
answer

False
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Avoiding sexist, racist, and other kinds of abusive language is important primarily as a matter of political correctness
answer

False
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Global Plagiarism occurs when a speaker takes material from several different sources and presents it as his own
answer

False
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One of the best ways to avoid plagiarism is to start working on your speech well before it’s due
answer

True
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Sound ethical decisions involve weighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines
answer

True
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As a matter of ethics, audience members should listen attentively to and agree with everything a speaker says
answer

False
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Incremental plagiarism occurs when a speaker uses quotations or paraphrases without citing the sources of the statements
answer

True
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It is necessary for a public speaker to identify his or her source whether the speaker is paraphrasing or speaking verbatim
answer

True
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Research indicates that even when we listen carefully, we understand and retain only about half of what we hear
answer

True
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You can improve your own speeches by listening carefully to the speeches of other people
answer

True
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People need effective listening skills in almost all occupations
answer

True
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When you listen to the campaign speech of a political candidate for the purpose of accepting or rejecting the speaker’s message, you are engaged in critical listening
answer

True
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Listening is a passive process, while critical thinking is an active process
answer

False
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It is impossible to listen too hard
answer

False
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As your textbook explains, focusing on a speaker’s delivery and personal appearance is and excellent way to strengthen your listening skills
answer

False
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One of the major obstacles to listening effectively is that the brain can process many more words than can be spoken in a minute
answer

True
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According to your textbook, listening to understand a classroom lecture is an example of appreciative listening
answer

False
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Active listeners give their undivided attention to the speaker in a genuine effort to understand his or her point of view
answer

True
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One of the most common mistakes students make on their first speech is trying to cover too much
answer

True
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Each main point in the body of your first speech should cover a single aspect of the topic
answer

True
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According to your textbook, the best way to practice a speech is to look silently over your notes until you think you know the speech well enough to give in class
answer

False
question

As your textbook states, colorful or descriptive language is an effective way to generate audience interest in an introductory speech
answer

True
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According to your textbook, the best way to prepare to give your first speech s to memorize it and deliver it word for word
answer

False
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The topical method of speech organization follows a time pattern
answer

False
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For your first speech, your textbook recommends trying to end on a clever or thought-provoking note
answer

True
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When it is your turn to speak, you should hurry to the front of the room and start talking immediately so you don’t lose the audience’s attention
answer

False
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Extemporaneous delivery means delivering the speech “off the cuff” will no advance preparation
answer

False
question

Most of the nervousness a speaker feels internally is usually not visible to the audience
answer

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