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Public Speaking 110 Final Exam Essay

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_____ is behaving responsibly when receiving and processing what the speaker is saying.
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ethical listening
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The character of a speaker is known as ____.
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ethos
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What method of plagiarism involves selecting material from several sources, taking them word for word and joining them together in a way that makes sense?
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cut and paste
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The information that the sender and receiver send to each other is the ____.
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message
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The _____ Amendment of the United States Constitution clearly guarantees our right to free speech.
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First
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_____ refers to the information the receiver sends back to the sender to let the speaker know how well the sender’s messages are being understood.
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feeback
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Using abusive words to demean or defame another person, is _____.
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name-calling
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Creating or recreating sensations associated with your speaking experience is known as _____.
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visualization
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When you have _____, both the sender and the receiver have a similar understanding of the messages delivered in the communication event.
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shared meaning
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Replacing the thought, “Everyone will laugh at my speech because I sound so dumb” with “I’ve done my research and I know what I’m talking about” is an example of _____.
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cognitive restructuring
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A speech of _____ is useful when your goal is to clarify complicated concepts, abstract concepts, or unfamiliar concepts.
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explanation
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In Chandler’s speech, he decided to explain how a bill becomes a law in the United States Congress. This is a speech of _____.
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explanation
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When you are trying to provide a clear picture of a person, place, or event, you should use a speech of _____.
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description
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Lars listened to his classmates debating the provisions of the USA Patriot Act and decided to give a speech clarifying the meaning and their understanding of the term “patriotism.” Which informative speech is Lars presenting?
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definition
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The process of finding a pattern that fits your main points together in a meaningful manner is _____.
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coherence
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When developing informative speeches, it is important to remember you must be very knowledgeable about the subject and have an excellent command of the concepts. To ensure this, which public speaking guideline should you apply?
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credibility
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When speakers jump back and forth between ideas and ramble, the audience tends to become more confused than informed. Which public speaking guideline is not being followed?
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organization
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A speech to inform is designed to allow the speaker to _____.
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share knowledge with the audience
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Defining a word by explaining the root of the word is a type of definition speech known as _____.
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etymology
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A speech recounting the history of the attack on Pearl Harbor would be which type of speech?
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description
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When using a visual aid in a speech, the attention of the audience is directed toward the visual and not entirely on the speaker. This can help the speaker by:
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reducing anxiety
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Which of the following options is the best reason to use visual aids?
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they help your audience understand and retain information
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What should the speaker do when using a visual aid?
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reveal the visual, discuss it and then put it away
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Which visual aid gives listeners something they can take with them when the presentation is complete?
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handouts and brochures
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What characteristic should models used in speeches have?
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be a look-alike or model of an actual object
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When designing visual aids, you should adhere to the principle of _____.
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consistency
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Why should you use visual aids?
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to add a dynamic dimension to your speech to make your ideas memorable to enhance your credibility
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Which visual aid would you use when you need to communicate numerical data in a visually pleasing format?
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graph
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When designing PowerPoint slides, you should _____.
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include a blank slide before the title slide and after the end slide
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A _____ uses lenses and light to project an enlarged image on to a screen.
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projector
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The last step of the motivated sequence is _____.
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action
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Which fallacy draws attention away from the real issues of a dispute by bringing up an irrelevant issue?
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red herring
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Claims of _____ assert that something is true or false or is or is not so.
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fact
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When speakers attempt to persuade without adequate evidence or use arguments that are misleading or unsound, they are using _____.
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a fallacy
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A person’s sincerity, trustworthiness, and concern for the well-being of the audience is known as _____.
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character
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Claims of _____ recommend a course of action that you want the audience to approve.
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policy
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The process of drawing conclusions based on evidence is _____.
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reasoning
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When addressing reluctant audiences who are opposed to your position, persuasive speakers should _____.
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seek common ground and establish good will
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The desires, drives, or needs that move a person toward a goal, or perhaps away from some negative outcome, are known as _____.
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motivations
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When Ramon spoke about the need for regular health check-ups, he was so knowledgeable, so sincere, and so competent in his delivery that everyone responded quite positively to his speech. What aspect of good persuasive delivery did Ramon demonstrate?
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ethos
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A _____ analysis is a technique used to draw inferences about your audience based on categories of information you have available.
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demographic
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Observations, asking people other than group members, and reviewing written documents are examples of _____ methods for collecting information.
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indirect
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What question should you ask yourself at every stage of speech construction?
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How will my audience respond?
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If you see quizzical looks from your audience while you are giving your speech, you should _____.
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try to explain your point again
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When giving a speech, you need to consider the _____ setting to be sure the area is free of things that may have an effect on your audience’s attention span or their ability to hear you.
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physical
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If you have an audience that represents more than one generation, what can you do to remain audience-centered?
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provide information that is useful to each age group present
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Which of the following characteristics of a speech is affected by the size of your audience?
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your delivery and visual materials
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When you tailor your speech to the educational level of your classmates in a public speaking course, you are focusing your audience analysis on ____.
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audience demographics
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When giving your speech, you should maintain eye contact _____ of the time.
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90%
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Why is being audience-centered a good idea?
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an audience will pay attention to something that is relevant to them it helps you achieve your speech goals its hows you care about not wasting the audience’s time
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What number of main points is acceptable for this course?
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2-4
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When you need to generate a large number of ideas quickly, with a goal of quantity, not quality, you should use the technique known as _____.
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brainstorming
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This statement is decided solely by the speaker since it depends on what you as the speaker hope to accomplish with your speech.
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specific purpose
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What type of sentence should your specific purpose be?
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declarative
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The goal of a(n) _____ speech is to attempt to change the audience’s convictions or urge members to take some sort of action.
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persuasive
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Why would you want to avoid a topic like “Scuba Diving” for a 4-6 minute speech?
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the topic is too broad
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In this course, where do you get the general purpose of your speech from?
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it is assigned
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What does the general purpose do?
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helps ensure your topic is appropriate for the occassion
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What is the general purpose of an informative speech?
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to inform
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What is wrong with the specific purpose of “AIDS Research”?
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it is not one complete declarative sentence
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Which is an appropriate number of main points for a speech in this course?
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3
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What do effective speakers use to connect one idea to another or to easily and smoothly move from one concept to the next?
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transitions
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The part of the introduction that identifies the main points to be developed in the body of the speech and presents an overview of the speech to follow is the _____.
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preview
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Which part of the speech does the text recommend that your create first?
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body
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Telling a story, asking a question and using a visual aid are examples of ____________.
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attention material
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In the introduction, you should _____.
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gain the audience’s attention establish credibility provide a thesis statement
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If you present your ideas in a logical, easy-to-follow manner, you will be a more successful speaker. Using a(n) _____ will help your achieve this goal.
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organization pattern
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A _____ organization pattern divides the thesis into subtopics or categories.
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topical
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Select the best example of a thesis statement:
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Owning a home can often be more cost-efficient than renting
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If a speech is organized to identify a situation and then discuss the impact of that situation occurring, the speaker has used a _____ organizational pattern.
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cause-effect
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At Donald’s funeral, Patrick was asked to give the eulogy. In the eulogy, Patrick mentioned Donald’s accomplishments in art, his loving devotion to his family, and how Donald got people to smile with the short stories or jokes he told. At the close of the eulogy, Patrick encouraged everyone to keep Donald in their memories and close to their heart. What guidelines did Patrick follow in preparing this eulogy?
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remember the specific achievements of the person, include personal information and experiences, and show empathy for those who have assembled to pay their respects
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This type of special occasion speech makes a serious point even though the purpose is to entertain
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an after-dinner speech
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What are two criteria that are of importance when making a speech of introduction?
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adapt to the audience and the speaker
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A vigorous delivery style is an essential characteristic of which type of speech?
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a speech of inspiration
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This type of special occasion speech is a tribute in which you seek praise for someone who has died.
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a eulogy
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This kind of speech may be delivered in times of adversity to challenge the audience to be strong.
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a speech of inspiration
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On the first anniversary of former President Ronald Reagan’s death, the Reagan family and a group of close friends gathered at the Reagan Library to talk about Ronald Reagan’s life and accomplishments. Then former President George H. W. Bush gave a brief speech at the occasion. What type of speech did he give?
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a commemorative speech
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In this type of special occasion speech, you need to balance effective delivery with your emotional state.
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a eulogy
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This special occasion speech can be difficult because you want to express your gratitude without sounding egotistical and insincere.
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an acceptance speech
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A brief, accurate speech where the goals are to gain the attention of the audience and arouse interest in the speaker and his or her topic is ________.
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a speech of introduction
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In preparing your delivery outline, avoid writing complete sentences because:
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you’ll be tempted to read your outline you won’t be successful in your delivery if eye-contact is limited
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A _____ lists all of the components of the speech so the speaker can fill in the missing pieces to help build the speech from beginning to end.
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template
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Which objectives should be included in your outline?
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general purpose, specific purpose, thesis statement
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The delivery outline should _____.
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be brief and be prepared on 4×6 inch notecards
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In order to avoid confusion if you drop your notes cards during your speech, you should _____ them.
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number
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Your reference page should be written in _____.
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APA style
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If you practice your speech and find that you are two minutes over the time limit, you can cut out material by using your outline. Which benefit of an outline does this describe?
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you can refine and edit your speech efficiently
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When outlining your speech, sources should be included where?
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in-text citation a reference or works cited page
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What is a formal outline?
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a full-sentence, content plan of your speech ideas
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Transitions should be included where in the formal outline?
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between the introduction and the body of the speech between the main points in the body of the speech between the body of the speech and the conclusion
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Listening for enjoyment or pleasure is _____ listening.
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appreciative
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Listening for understanding of the message presented by a speaker is _____.
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comprehensive listening
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The stage of listening in which you receive information through the five senses is known as _____.
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sensing
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The _____ is used to summarize the points made during the speech.
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conclusion
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A _____ is something that incites your senses to their functional activity.
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stimulus
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_____ is any interference that distorts the message exchange.
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noise
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_____ noise is cause by things like aches, pains, or other discomforts such as being too hot.
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physical
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What type of listening is concerned with evaluating the content of a message for the purpose of accepting or rejecting it?
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critical
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_____ is meant to explain the point, provide an illustration or example of the point, and provide evidence as proof of an argument made by the point.
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supporting material
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Research points out that employees spend ____ of their time listening.
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55-60%
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As a general rule, you should aim for making eye contact with your audience members approximately _____ of the time you are delivering your speech.
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90 percent
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This method of speaking puts a lot of pressure on the speaker, since the speaker could forget parts of the speech and ruin the entire presentation.
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memorized
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A figure of speech in which nonhuman, nonliving, or abstract subjects are given human characteristics is called:
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personification
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Words such as “we,” “our,” and “you” make your speech more natural, intimate and conversational. These words are example of _____ language.
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personal
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Justin was asked to recite the Gettysburg Address. When he did, the first sentence came out like this: “Uh, mm. Four score and, um, seven years ago, er, our fathers brought forth, ummm, on this continent, a new nation.” Justin’s speech was plagued with _____.
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verbal fillers
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The position or bearing of your body, a nonverbal behavior your audience will notice, is referred to as your _____.
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posture
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Manuscript speaking is useful when _____.
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your speech requires precise, accurate, well-worded content
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When you practice your speech, you should _____.
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rehearse aloud use the notes you will actually use in your speech ask for feedback
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Good delivery is ____.
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natural, comfortable, and spontaneous
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The type of delivery where the speaker carefully plans and practices a speech and delivers the speech from speaking notes is called _____ speaking.
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extemporaneous
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_____, such as those available on yahoo.com, organize and sort by topic and subtopic.
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subject searches
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A successful outcome to a persuasive speech requires the audience to believe you are very _____.
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knowledgeable
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A _____ finds materials on the Internet that you request related to a key word or words that you type in a search box.
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search engine
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_____ provide access to articles from newspapers, popular magazines, and scholarly journals.
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periodical databases
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_____ provide general information about a variety of topics and include encyclopedias, yearbooks, and dictionaries.
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reference works
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In an interview, you would ask a(n) _____ question to discover more in-depth information about the topic.
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follow-up or secondary
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_____ encyclopedias provide information about what we know, arranged alphabetically.
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general
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_____ encyclopedias provide in-depth coverage of a particular field of study.
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specialized
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Recording the bibliographic information for each source as you go along with your research helps you to _____.
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build your reference page
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Using a variety of reliable supporting materials and sources gives your ideas and statements more _____ and increases your knowledge base, thereby making your statements more believable to the audience.
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credibility