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Psychology Chapter 20 Terms- Abnormal Psychology

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Affective disorder
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Disorder in which an individual’s moods are extremeenougg tl interfere with refular life activities
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Amnesia
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Memory disturbance, such as the inability to recall certain events or even one’s identity
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Anxiety disorders
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Disorders in which the primary trait is fear that danger or misfortune is looming; accompanied by physical symptoms such as rapid heart rate
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Autistic disorder
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Developmental disorder marked by severe communication and impersonal difficulties and cognitive impairment
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Bipolar disorder
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Disorder in which one goes to the opposite extremes of mania and depression
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Compulsions
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Repetitive, ritualized behaviors
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Delusions
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Unshakable beliefs that are obviously not true
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Dissociative disorders
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Disorders in which sufferers escape from a painful situation by disconnecting from certain parts of themselves, such as by developing amnesia
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Dysthymia disorder
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Moderate depression that lasts for at least two years
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Etiology
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Origin or cause of a disorder
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Hallucinations
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Experiences in sensations of something that isn’t there, such as hearing voices or seeing visions
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Obsessions
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Recurring, unwanted thoughts
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Personality disorders
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Disorders that involve long lasting maladaptive personality traits that are often more disturbing to others than to the individual
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Phobias
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Irrational or inappropriate persistent fears
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Psychotic disorders
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Disorders in which an individual loses contact with reality
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Schizophrenia
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Psychotic disorder marked by confused thoughts incoherent speech delusions hallucinations flat or inappropriate emotions paranoia or disturbances of movement
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Somatoform disorders
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Disorders in which physical symptoms arise from psychological causes