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practice – Flashcard

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Empathic understanding of the patient’s subjective experiences is a major goal of a:
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client- centered therapist
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Humanistic therapists are most likely to
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emphasize the importance of self-awareness for psychological adjustment
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carl rogers is known for the development of
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client-centered therapy
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psychodynamic therapies try to understand patients’ current symptoms by focusing on recurring patterns in
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interpersonal relationships
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Aversive conditioning involves
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systematically controlling the consequences of patients’ maladaptive behaviors.
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Which of the following has been demonstrated to provide relief for those who suffer from seasonal affective disorder?
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light exposure therapy
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People often enter psychotherapy during a period of crisis in their lives. This helps us understand why they
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tend to overestimate the effectiveness of their psychotherapy.
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A token economy represents an application of the principles of:
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operant conditioning.
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Dr. Byrne is a clinical psychologist who often uses operant conditioning techniques to treat her clients. She also encourages them to modify their thought patterns, and on occasion she interprets their transference behaviors. Dr. Byrne’s therapeutic approach would best be described as:
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eclectic
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which of the following best illustrates a form of psychotherapy
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Systematic desensitization
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A useful feature of group therapy is that it
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encourages clients to improve their communication skills.
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The best outcome studies for evaluating the effectiveness of psychotherapy typically use
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Randomized clinical trials
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SSRIs are prescribed to:
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elevate arousal and mood.
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one good alternative to antidepressant drugs is
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aerobic exercise.
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humanistic therapists are likely to teach clients to
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take more responsibility for their own feelings and actions.
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Which form of therapy is most likely to emphasize the importance of examining a person’s role within a social system?
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Family therapy
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Dr Jackson reinforces depressed patients for their participation in pleasant activities and trains them to take increasingly more credit for the rewards they gain from engaging in those activities. Dr Jackson’s treatment approach best illustrates
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cognitive-behavior therapy
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Lithium is often an effective ________ drug.
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mood stabilizing
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According to Freud, a patient’s hesitation to free associate is most likely a sign of
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resistance
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Peter is depressed because he thinks his teacher’s study suggestions mean he’s going to fail her course. He would benefit from this.
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cognitive therapy
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xanax and ativan are
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antianxiety drugs
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Persuading depressed patients to reverse their catastrophizing beliefs about themselves and their futures is most characteristic of
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Beck’s cognitive therapy
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In promoting therapeutic lifestyle change, Stephen Ilardi and his colleagues note that human brains and bodies were designed for physical activity and
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social engagement
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repeatedly introducing people to things they fear and avoid is most characteristic of
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exposure therapies
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Most widely used biomedical treatment today
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drug therapies
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In one treatment for bed wetting, the child sleeps on a liquid sensitive pad that when wet, triggers and alarm and awakens the child. This treatment is a form of:
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behavior therapy
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which of the following procedures has typically resulted in patients becoming permanently lethargic
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lobotomy
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rapidly moving one’s eyes while recalling traumatic events that were previously frozen.
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EDMR
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Psychological disorders that researchers believe are learned, such as phobias, are most likely to be treated with
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psychotherapy
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The placebo effect refers to
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the beneficial consequences of merely expecting that a treatment will be effective.
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Which of the following procedures is most likely to result in loss of memory
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electroconvulsive therapy
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Which drug has provided the most help to schizophrenia patients experiencing auditory hallucinations and paranoia?
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thorazine
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psychiatry
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An integrative therapy that aims to modify both self-defeating thinking and maladaptive actions is known as
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light exposure therapy
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what do psychologists call personal strengths that help people cope with stress
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resilience
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helping people gain insight into the unconscious origins of their disorder is a central aim of
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psychoanalysis
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in classical conditioning therapies maladaptive symptoms are usually considered to be
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neutral stimuli
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prozac zoloft and paxil are called
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selective seratonin reuptake inhibitors
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Which of the following treatment approaches has received little or no scientific support?
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energy therapies
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Mr. Phillips has recently begun to express feelings of hostility and resentment toward his therapist, who is consistently friendly, caring, and helpful. A psychoanalyst would most likely consider Mr. Phillips’ hostility to be an example of:
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transference
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therapy outcome studies inicate that highly religious people may prefer and benefit from
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therapists with similar religious beliefs.
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Ron is a 22 year old mechanic who suffers from claustrophobia. The most effective way to treat Ron’s problem would involve _________ therapy.
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behavior
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freud is to _____ as rogers is to _______
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psychoanalysis; counterconditioning
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virtual reality exposure therapy is most likely to prove effective in the treatment of
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phobias
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Researchers have found that matching Asian-American clients with counselors who share their cultural values facilitates
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the therapeutic alliance