Policing 2

The first African American police officer was appointed in what city?
a. chicago
b. new york
c. new orleans
d. miami
new orleans

which of the following was not one of the duties relegated to early female police officers?
a. issuing parking tickets
b. guarding female prisoners
c. performing routine clerical tasks
d. patrolling
patrolling

In 1910, ____ appointed the nations first “officially designated” policewoman
a. dallas
b. new york
c. los ángeles
d. chicago
los ángeles

In 1910, the nations first “officially designated policewoman was:
a. alice stebbins wells
b. nora jean wilson
c. hazel l davis
d. ruth smith
Alice stebbins wells

the most prevalent form of discrimination has been
a. separate job titles
b. disparate recruiting
c. de facto discrimination
d. standard discrimination
de facto discrimination

according to your text, which racial group despite efforts is poorly represented in law enforcement
a. american indian
b. pacific islander
c. asian
d. hispanics
asian

the supreme court case that established the concept that hiring requirements must be job-related was:
a. brown v. board of education of Topeka
b. brown v. mississippi
c. griggs v. duke power company
d. U.S. v. paradise
griggs v. duke power company

the concept that employers must take active steps to ensure equal employment opportunities and to redress the past discrimination is called:
a. reverse discrimination
b. adverse impact
c. affirmative action
d. de facto opportunity
affirmative action

all are issues women face in the law enforcement workplace except
a. pregnancy
b. dating
c. family issues
d. drug use
drug use

the academic studies of women on patrol indicate that
a. women can perform patrol duties as well as men can
b. women perform in a less satisfactory manner than men on patrol
c. women perform as well as men on patrol but only when teamed with a male partner
d. the majority of women do not want to work patrol
women can perform patrol duties as well as men can

______ of sworn personnel in local police departments are African American
a. 11.9%
b. 20.7%
c. 5.2%
d. 18.9%
11.9%

____ of sworn personnel in local police departments are women
a. 11.9%
b. 15.3%
c. 3.9%
d. 21.2%
11.9%

____ of sworn personnel in local police departments are Hispanic
a. 19.5%
b. 22.7%
c. 10.3%
d. 1.8%
10.3%

Until the 1970s, why was it presumed that women were not capable of performing the same type of patrol duty as men?
a. because of their gender and size
b. because they could not testify in court
c. because they were not good drivers
d. because they would side with women in domestic disputes
because of their gender and size

the simultaneous expectation by white officers that African American officers will give members of their own race better treatment, but that African American officers will also receive hostility from the African American community because they are perceived as traitors to their race is known as
a. double marginality
b. de facto discrimination
c. adverse impact
d. reverse discrimination
double marginality

all are changes that African Americans face in the workplace except
a. tokenism
b. equal pay
c. acceptance
d. harassment
equal pay

Which of the following is not one of the three traditional ways we do police work in the United States?
a. retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives
b. routine random patrol
c. proactive investigations
d. rapid response to calls by citizens to 911
proactive investigations

It has commonly been believed in police administration that random routine patrol creates a sense of
a. semi presence
b. omnipresence
c. nonpresence
d. none of the above
omnipresence

the kansas study occurred in the
a. 1960s
b. 1970s
c. 1980s
d. 1950s
1970s

the kansas city study indicated that adding or removing police random routine patrol
a. caused crime to increase
b. caused crime to decrease
c. had no effect on crime
d. eliminated crime altogether
had no effect on crime

which is not a special operations unit according to your text
a. SWAT
b. K-9
c. emergency service units
d. traffic
traffic

which of the following is not one of the basic components of response time?
a. time between the crime and the call to the police
b. time retired for the police to process the call
c. travel time from receipt of the call by the patrol car to arrival at the scene
d. time it takes for the perpetrator to flee the scene
time it takes for the perpetrator to flee the scene

___ is the most expensive part of a police departments budget
a. fuel cost
b. equipment
c. personnel
d. liability insurance
personnel

most departments utilize
a. take home car programs
b. personally owned vehicles (POVs)
c. fleet vehicles
d. liability insurance
fleet vehicles

agencies that cover a large geographical area, such as sheriff’s departments and state patrols, utilize:
a. take home car programs
b. personally owned vehicles (POVs)
c. fleet vehicles
d. pre owned vehicles
take home car programs

the most important and visible part of police work to the public is/are
a. detective operations
b. public appearances by the police chief
c. patrol
d. crime prevention
patrol

which is not an innovative way to address responding to community problems and 911 calls according to your text
a. directed patrol
b. split-force patrol
c. C.O.P.S
d. differential response
C.O.P.S

in an experiment, the group that is not acted upon, and where nothing is changed, is called
a. the control group
b. the experimental group
c. the change agent
d. the free group
the control group

directed patrol units are often interrupted by calls for service. this can affect the performance assignments. what is a solution to this problem?
a. routine patrol
b. task force patrol
c. split force patrol
d. there is no solution to the problem
split force patrol

differential response to calls for service is a policy that abandons the traditional practice of responding to all calls for service, in differential response, responses to citizens’ calls to 911 for service are matched to the ____ of the calls
a. importance or severity
b. location
c. numerical order
d. time of day
importance or severity

which item below is not a new tactical approach to crime control according to your text
a. alternative vehicle deployment
b. decoy vehicles
c. aggressive patrol
d. all are new tactical approaches
all are new tactical approaches

______ models give the police answers as to where and when to assign officers
a. parol pattern
b. patrol allocation
c. patrol simulation
d. patrol direction
patrol allocation

this system allows police departments to call citizens in the entire jurisdiction or limit it to a particular neighborhood where something is occurring
a. reverse 911
b. 311
c. 911
d. reverse 311
reverse 911

the evidence seems to suggest that proactive, aggressive police strategies are _______ in reducing crime, at least in target areas
a. indifferent
b. not effective
c. effective
d. showing mixed results
effective

the greek philosopher who wrote the classic Nicomachean Ethics was
a. aristotle
b. plato
c. socrates
d. onassis
Aristotle

which of the following is an example of the ethical standards established to determine how police officers should act
a. organizational value systems or codes of ethics designed to educate and guide the behavior of those who work within an organization
b. the law enforcement code of ethics
c. an oath of office
d. all of the above
all of the above

which of the following is an example of the standards governing police ethics
a. U.S. constitution
b. bill of rights
c. case law as determined by appellate courts and the U.S. supreme court
d. all of the above
All of the above

noble cause corruption is also known as
a. dirty harry syndrome
b. blue line crossing
c. blue corruption
d. meat eating
dirty harry syndrome

the 1931 national commission on law observance and enforcement was more popularly known as the
a. kerner commission
b. volmer commission
c. wickersham commission
d. kefauver commission
wickersham commission

according to the authors definition of police corruption, which of the following would be an example of police corruption
a. a police officer receives $15 from a driver for not giving her/him a summons for speeding
b. a police officer receives sexual favors from a diver for not giving him/her a summons for speeding
c. an off duty police officer escorts a drug dealer as he delivers illegal drugs to customers. he receives $100 a delivery
d. all of the above
All of the above

which of the following is not a reason for police corruption as listed in your text
a. individual officer explanations
b. the police subculture
c. social structure explanations
d. all are reasons for corruption
All are reasons for corruption

some studies indicate that domestic violence may be _____ in police families when compared to the general public
a. more prevalent
b. less prevalent
c. the same
d. none of these
more prevalent

“the excessive or unreasonable use of force in dealing with citizens, suspects, and offenders” is the definition:
a. police misconduct
b. police violence
c. police mistreatment
d. police brutality
police misconduct

which of the following is not an argument in favor of citizen review
a. it would improve public trust in law enforcement
b. it would ensure that justice is done and actual misconduct is punished
c. it would make police officers more aggressive in enforcing the law
d. it would provide an independent evaluation of citizen complaints
it would make police officers more aggressive in enforcing the law

the knapp commission was a(n)
a. international commission
b. federal commission
c. state commission
d. local commission
local commission

police officers who participate in the more passive types of police corruption are referred to as
a. meat eaters
b. grass eaters
c. dirt eaters
d. tree huggers
grass eaters

officers who participate in more aggressive types of corruption by seeking out and taking advantage of opportunities of corruption are called
a. meat eaters
b. grass eaters
c. dirt eaters
d. tree eaters
meat eaters

which is not a type of office corruption according to the author
a. a. taking bribes
b. taking gratuities
c. theft or burglary
d. choosing not to arrest an individual who they know
choosing not to arrest an individual who they know

any police initiated activity that relies on a person’s race or ethnic background rather than on behavior as a basis for identifying that individual as being involved in criminal activity is called
a. noble cause policing
b. situational stereotype policing
c. racial profiling
d. dispositional policing
racial profiling

Which is not a type of liability officers and departments need to be aware of
a. civil liability
b. administrative liability
c. criminal liability
d. all are liabilities to the officer and department
all are liabilities to the officer and department

_____ means that a police officer may be sued in civil court for improper behavior, using such civil law concepts as negligence and torts
a. criminal liability
b. civil liability
c. administrative liability
d. strict liability
civil liability

rules and regulations established by their department to govern the conduct of its officers
a. criminal liability
b. civil liability
c. administrative liability
d. strict liability
administrative liability

prior to the rand study, it was common for police departments to have policies and procedures in place that emphasized
a. the proactive investigation of future crime by detectives
b. follow up investigations of past crimes by patrol officers
c. the retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives
d. cold case detectives
the retroactive investigation of past crime by detectives

according the ______ model, the investigation of almost all felonies and some misdemeanors was the sole responsibility of the detective division
a. decoy investigation
b. blending investigation
c. proactive investigation
d. retroactive investigation
retroactive investigations

along with training of new detectives, many departments use this method to assist in the training of new detectives
a. cross training
b. mentoring
c. simulations
d. MCI
mentoring

the single most important determinant of whether or not a case will be solved is the information the victim supplies to the
a.detective
b. immediately responding patrol officer
c. dispatcher
d. supervisor
immediately responding patrol officer

detectives in a decentralized squad are considered
a. specialists
b. generalists
c. to be in field training
d. felony only detectives
generalists

detectives in a centralized squad are considered
a. specialists
b. generalists
c. to be in field training
d. felony only detectives
specialists

the idea that detective work is glamorous, exciting, and dangerous, as it is depicted in the movies and on television, is called
a. détective mystique
b. detective role
c. detective model
d. detective initiative
détective mystique

the national advisory commission on criminal justice standards and goals recommended that detectives should only be assigned to preliminary investigations of
a. felonies
b. crimes of violence
c. very serious crimes and crimes requiring complex preliminary investigations
d. all of the above
very serious crimes and crimes requiring complex preliminary investigations

the national advisory commission on criminal justice standards and goals recommended that _______ should conduct preliminary investigations of most crimes
a. detectives
b. supervisors
c. non sworn personnel
d. patrol officers
patrol officers

which of the following is a solvability factor in the managing criminal investigations program?
a. is there a witness?
b. is a suspect named or known?
c. will the complainant cooperate?
d. All of the above
all of the above

with agency collects and maintains a database of clandestine laboratories
a. FBI
b. ATF
c. DEA
d. CIA
DEA

programs concentrating investigative resources on career criminals are called
a. targeting programs
b. proactive programs
c. repeat offender programs
d. anti career criminal programs
repeat offender programs

in a case enhancement program
a. a detective debriefs a suspect to obtain further information
b. detectives assist the arresting officer in preparing a case for court
c. a detective engages in liaison with the district attorney
d. all of the above
all of the above

the vast majority of all arrests are made
a. at the scene of the crime
b. within 48 hours
c. within 2 weeks
d. within one month
At the scene of the crime

elements of sting operations include all but the following
a. undercover officer(s)
b. targeted group
c. opportunity to commit a crime
d. all are elements of a sting operation
all are elements of a sting operation

Marvin Wolfgang discovered that most predatory street crime in the United States is committed by
a. only a few criminals
b. convicted felons
c. sex offenders
d. individuals under the influence of drugs
only a few criminals

Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following except
a. robbers
b. purse snatchers
c. persons committing larcenies from autos
d. murderers
murderers

undercover operations target all of the following crimes except
a. robbery
b. DUI
c. burglary
d. selling stolen goods
DUI

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