POL 100 CHP 8

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Which of the following is a main theoretical assumption of pluralism?
Competition among interests will produce balance with all interests regulating each other.
A criticism of interest group pluralism is
its class bias in favor of those with greater financial resources.
The Teamsters and the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations are examples of ________.
labor groups
Public interest groups differ from other types of interest groups in that
they claim to serve the common good, not just their own particular interests.
When a coalition of credit card companies form an interest group called the Partnership to Protect Consumer Credit, this indicates that
private interests are hiding behind the ideals of public interests.
When a group is called a membership association, it means that
members play an important role in the daily activities of the group.
A ________ exists when paid staff conduct most of the daily business of a group.
staff organization
A benefit that is sought by an interest group and that once achieved cannot be denied to nonmembers is called a ________
collective good
The free-rider problem occurs because
the benefits of a group’s actions are broadly available and cannot be denied to nonmembers.
The solidary benefits of interest groups include ________.
friendship and consciousness-raising
Why is it important for interest groups to offer selective benefits?
It is necessary to limit the extent of the free-rider problem.
If citizens were motivated to join an environmental organization because they strongly believed in protecting the environment and supported the goals of the group, then we can conclude that they were motivated by ________.
purposive benefits
One way that AARP has been effective at overcoming the free-rider problem is by providing ________ benefits to its members.
selective
Members of interest groups in the United States are typically people
with higher levels of income and education.
Interest groups most effectively serve ________.
the upper classes
The New Politics movement gave rise to ________ groups.
public interest
Members of the New Politics movement
all of the above
________ occurs when interest groups take out advertisements and hold marches.
Mobilizing public opinion
Lobbying is
an attempt by an individual or group to influence the passage of legislation by exerting direct pressure on members of Congress or a state legislature.
An iron triangle is made up of an alliance between
a legislative committee, an interest group, and an executive agency.
How can interest groups use litigation as a strategy of influence?
filing amicus curiae briefs, financing lawsuits, and bringing a suit on behalf of the group
Which of the following groups has had the greatest success with a strategy of litigation?
the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
A grassroots lobbying campaign occurs
when an interest group mobilizes its members and their families throughout the country to write their representatives in support of the group’s position.
What is the primary function of a political action committee (PAC)?
to raise and distribute money to election campaigns
The fact that interest groups favor the wealthy and well educated can be understood as a reflection of what eternal dilemma in American politics?
Liberty is often inconsistent with equality.

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