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Pharmacology Chapters 17 and 18

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Gentian violet is used for fungal infections and will permanently stain clothing.
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True
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Hydrogen peroxide is damaging to new tissue growth and should be used with care because its effectiveness in killing micoorganisms is limited.
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True
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When using antimicrobials and antibiotics, the physician should do microbiology tests to “match the drug to the to the bug.”
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True
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A mutated cell has an increased power to divide and enlarge to the size of a tumor.
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False
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The more rapidly cancer cells proliferate, the less likely antineoplastic agents will be effective.
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False
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Which of the following is NOT true about drugs for tuberculosis?
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Medications for TB, whether prophylactic or therapeutic, are given for about a month and then discontinued
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Lethargy may be a sign of cancer, especially if it persists.
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True
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All patients are candidates for chemotherapy.
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False
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All antifungal drugs require a prescription.
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False
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Antiseptics, disinfectants, and germicides
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All of the above
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Chemotherapy is always performed following surgery and before radiation.
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False
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Cancer is routinely treated with
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All of the above
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The signs of allergic reactions to antibiotics include all of the following EXCEPT
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liver and renal changes
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Culture and sensitivity tests may be done at any time during antimicrobial or antibiotic therapy.
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False
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Alopecia occurs with all chemotherapy.
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False
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Cultured from Streptomyces
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antibiotics
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The first of the antineoplastics
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alkylating agents
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Derived from periwinkle and May apple
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plant alkaloids
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Used in World War I for chemical warfare and causes DNA to be unable to replicate
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alkylating agents
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Effective only in cells that are actively participating in cell metabolism
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antimetabolites
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Also used for immunosuppressive therapy, gout, and as antiviral medications.
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antimetabolites
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Cause severe bone marrow suppression that often necessitates the drug’s withdrawal
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antimetabolites
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Include androgens and estrogens
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hormones
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Used to treat malignancies in the gender opposite from the usual target receptor cells
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hormones
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The least toxic of the chemotherapeutic agents
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hormones
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Do not usually cause alopecia
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plant alkaloids
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Tumors are classified by their stages of invasion from Stage A to Stage D.
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False
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Which of the following are particularly susceptible to antibiotics and antimicrobials?
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All except d
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Antineoplastic or chemotherapeutic agents are used to counteract the development, growth, or spread of abnormal cells.
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True
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The patient may better tolerate chemotherapy and its side effects by
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All of the above