Module 1-research

Historical Research
Research about nursing practice during the Crimean War

Open-ended interview
Questioning research participants without a fixed list of questions

Transcription
Typing verbatim narrative from a recorded interview

Rigor
Carefulness of data in a study that gives findings credibility; strict adherence to the research plan

Immersion
Reading and rereading the data

Snowballing
The sampling method where participants in a study recruit others

Participant
A person from whom data is collected in a study

Ethnography
Study of tradition and customs of people

Bracketing
Setting aside one’s values when conducting a study

Emic approach
Studying behavior from within a culture

Field notes
Notes from a research observation

Secondary source
Account of a situation by a person who learned of the situation from another person

Going native
When a researcher becomes part of a culture and loses the ability to observe clearly

Phenomenological approach
A study focused on the lived experiences

Qualitative research
Subjective approach to a study that describes life’s meaning

Exploratory-descriptive
A type of qualitative study that is developed to provide information and insight into clinical or practice problems

Facilitator
Conducts a focus group

Phenomena
Experiences that comprise the lives of humans

Grounded theory
Qualitative method that describes social processes

Coding
Labeling the data;

Sample
Subset of the population selected for the study

Problem
Gap in nursing knowledge

Limitations
Restrictions in a study that may decrease the generalizability of a study

Setting
Location of a study

Data
Information collected in a study

Assumptions
Statements that are considered truth

Literature
The review of literature documents why a study needs to be done

Pilot
A smaller version of the proposed study to refine the methodology or data collection to be used in the larger study

Outcomes
Research findings

Control
Rules imposed to decrease the chance of error

Descriptives
Research that involves the exploration and description of real-life situations

Correlational
A type of quantitative research involving relationships between or among variables

Purpose
Identifies the goal or purpose of the study

Quantitative
Type of nursing research for generating numerical information about the world

Design
Study blueprint; plan to maximize the control over factors in a study

Basic
Type of research that seeks knowledge for knowledge’s sake

Measurement
Assigning numbers to variables

Generalization
Extension of the application of the findings from the sample to a larger population

Bias
Deviation from the true or expected

Conceptual
Theoretical meaning of a concept or variable

Extraneous
A type of variable that can interfere with the outcome of a study

Variable
Concepts in a study that are measured or manipulated

Framework
The theoretical basis of a study that may be expressed as a map or model (picture) or in narrative form and includes relational statements

Report
Summarizes the findings of a study

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