NFPT Study Guide

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SPICES
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The 6 components of wellness, Social Physical Intellectual Cognitive Emotional Spiritual
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5 components of physical fitness
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Cardiorespiratory conditioning, muscular endurance, muscular strength, flexibility, body comp
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Health
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Current state of physical, social, or mental well-being
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ADLs
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Activities of daily living
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Factors a physician should determine
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Cardiovascular disease, respiratory disease, joint injury, obesity, metabolic disorders
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3 influential aspects that contribute to positivity
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Predisposing factors, enabling factors, reinforcing factors
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Muscular system
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Produces force, maintains posture, allows movement, produces heat
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Skeletal system
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Protects organs, supports framework, produces blood cells in marrow, regulates mineral balance, stores minerals
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Circulatory system
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Pumps blood
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Respiratory system
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Breathes, transports gas to and from blood
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Nervous system
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Communicate messages to. Odyssey with brain, spinal cord and nerves
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Digestive system
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Breaks down food
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Immune system
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Protects body from attack
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Endocrine system
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Glands, homeostasis through hormones
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Integumentary system
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Protection via hair skin and nails
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Reproductive system
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Sex organs
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Urinary system
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Renal system, waste, blood volume and pressure, electrolytes, metabolites
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Origin
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Point where muscle joins stationary bone at closest end to the body
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Tendon
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Strong connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
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656
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Number of muscles in adult body
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206
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Number of bones in adult body
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Cartilage
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Tough but flexible connective tissue covering end of bones

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