Mental Disorders: Anxiety, Trauma and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders
Mental Disorders: Anxiety, Trauma and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders

Mental Disorders: Anxiety, Trauma and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders

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  • Pages: 3 (1189 words)
  • Published: October 14, 2021
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A disorder is the inability of mental mechanism to do a natural operation that was designed by evolution. Arco (2015) claims that mental illness involves a variety of mental health disorders or conditions that interfere with mood, behavior, and thinking of individuals. For instance, anxiety disorders, trauma disorders, and Obsessive-compulsive disorders. Anxiety disorders are characterized by the worry about future activities and reaction to current happenings (Akinsola & Udoka, 2013). These feelings are accompanied by specific symptoms such as shakiness. Trauma disorders are as a result exposure to events that threatens a person’s life. Symptoms like numbing memories indicate the presence of the disorder (Arco, 2015). Obsessive-compulsive disorder involves the urge to check, have or perform things repeatedly. Its symptoms include the inability to control thoughts and events.

The first client experience anxiety disorder. Psychiatric assessment on the client for an anxiety disorder can be accomplished through a diagnosis interview with the victim. The interview should be a face-to-face one. Detailed information is then collected on the client’s symptoms, frequency, severity, duration and degree of interference or distress. Moreover, it is crucial to inquire about the client’s certain thoughts and triggers connected to a specific anxious or avoidant actions (Akinsola & Udoka, 2013). Diagnosis from the current DSM for anxiety disorder is a diagnostic interview. The diagnostic interview must involve comprehensive questions concerning developmental history, family history and psychiatric history. A well-structured social history is accompanied by questions about social relationships, family relationships, recreational activities and school functioning. The strengths of the anxiety disorder client should be assessed. The client

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with anxiety disorder fit the criteria of personal distress to an individual. The client of the anxiety disorder, therefore, fit for diagnosis as per the current edition of Diagnosis and Statistical Manual. This is because it concerns issues directed linked to a certain party hence interview approach of diagnosis is suitable as indicated in the current DSM edition.

The second client as indicated in the case study suffers trauma disorder. The assessment methods for measuring trauma disorder and its symptoms include structured interview, questionnaires and psychophysiological procedures (Arco, 2015). These instruments have been highly validated, and most of them adopted worldwide. The assessments are made to be psychometrically sound. It collects information from many bases across communication channels. More so, it applies to different trauma settings, population, genders, cultures and ethnic groups. The current diagnosis from the recent edition of DSM for trauma disorder is known as a differential diagnosis. It involves evaluation of all the diagnostic criteria and assessment of related features. Measures like self-reported measures, structured interview, and multi-scale personality inventories help assess the severity of trauma disorder (Akinsola & Udoka, 2013). According to current edition DSM, the client with trauma disorder fits in Criterion A for diagnosis. This is because the client directly experienced the event, witnessed it and indirectly learned about it. Furthermore, the event is life-threatening, threatened physical integrity, involved serious injury and involved intense emotional response.

The third client experience Obsessive-compulsive disorder. The assessment for diagnosis of this client focus on the symptoms. This Obsessive-compulsive disorder client assessment may be performed by a psychiatrist, health nurse, a

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skilled mental health expert or a psychologist. Questions are involved as part of the assessment process that focus on the symptoms of a variety of adverse mental health challenges. The diagnosis from the current DSM edition requires the client to possess obsessions or compulsions. The DSM claims that several aspects characterize clinically important compulsions and obsessions such as impulses and persistent thoughts. The above-discussed type of diagnosis is referred to as formal diagnosis. However, differential diagnosis best fits for the client as it focuses on the incompatibility of the client with the disorder. The disorder differs with the client’s self-concept leading to much distress. The criterion does not fit with the recent edition of the DSM as the formal diagnosis is not applicable (Arco, 2015).

Anxiety disorder client can be treated effectively by well-trained mental health experts. Research has recommended a form of psychotherapy referred to as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The treatment is highly effective in curing anxiety disorders. CBT enables psychologists to assist individuals in identifying and managing factors that lead to their anxiety. The treatment would be recommended for the client because it helps in reduction or stop of undesired behaviors linked the disorder. Another treatment recommended is the medication of drugs known as antidepressants. They help suppress the anxiety of an individual so as to eliminate or deter the disorder from infecting the client. The method of treatment would be recommended as it would suppress and cure the anxiety disorder.

A research was done on the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavior Therapy on Anxiety disorder clients. Training clinics were used for the study. The study focused on the handling of anxiety disorder clients at a training clinic (Akinsola & Udoka, 2013). Examination of the outcome data to explore the effectiveness of CBT for anxiety disorders was done. A literature review was done that showed that CBT application was helping in dealing with anxiety disorders. The researchers took a sample of 32 previous clients of the training clinic. Only clients who acquired an Axis I diagnosis of the anxiety disorder were involved in the analysis. The patients were asked to fill an outcome questionnaire after each therapy session. The questionnaires were then used to acquire the treatment results in the therapy. Measurement scores were the evidence presented by the author.

The findings of the research indicated that clients who acquired CBT for anxiety disorder cure showed a positive change between pre-test and post-test result measure scores (Akinsola & Udoka, 2013). The results from the samples showed the effectiveness of CBT use by student therapists to treat anxiety disorder clients in the training clinics. CBT effectiveness for treatment of anxiety disorder was therefore affirmed by the research. The article’s explanation of the diagnosis states similar symptoms of anxiety disorder that are possessed by the client in the case study.

The behaviors of the anxiety disorder client imply that the same treatment used in the article can be used to treat the disorder (Arco, 2015). As a psychology professional, I would use the findings from the research to show an evidence of treatment of anxiety disorder as a mental illness. Since the results are

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