Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Causes and Treatment
Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Causes and Treatment

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Causes and Treatment

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  • Pages: 4 (1647 words)
  • Published: October 14, 2021
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Introduction

Generalized anxiety disorder is a psychological disorder characterized by excessive, persistent and unrealistic worries about everyday activities or life at large. People who experience this disorder have excessive worry and anxiety. They are often afraid of the future, expecting the worst from it for no apparent reason. The victims anticipate disaster and hence they are excessively concerned about the family, money, healthy, work and many more issues. The victims range from the children to adults; it has no age group limitation on where the victims may range. Children or even teenagers with generalized anxiety disorder may have to go through uncontrollable worry about minor matters and future events. The teens are likely to worry academics, marital family satisfactions, money and much more. The young people are always likely to worry about such in life, but if the worrying takes more than six months and is accompanied by fatigue, muscle joint pains and other disorder symptoms, then they are suffering from the generalized anxiety disorder. It usually occurs women more than men, sometimes to the victim’s relatives. People with the disorder do not feel so restricted on the job or the social settings, the impairment associated with it is mild, if severe, it can be very debilitating, making it difficult to car

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ry out the most ordinary daily activities.

Symptoms

The symptoms of the generalized anxiety disorder are more as compared to the normal anxiety experienced day to day. GAD will accompany exaggerated tension and worry that is not provoked it just comes by itself. Those people who have the disorder usually always anticipate disaster. The sources of these worries are not known. The victims just get to fear to get through a day. The thought of the future or simply the next minute provokes fear to a victim. People with GAD usually realize that it’s irrational and that the tension is more than the situation warrants, but, they still cannot shake off their intense concerns. People with the disorder find it hard to relax, falling asleep is a major challenge. Most will spend a lot of time in the bed thinking about the future events and worrying about them. The worries go hand in hand with physical symptoms such as trembling, headaches, twitching, muscle tensions, sweating, irritability and hot flashes. Sometimes the victims will feel nauseated and due to the anxiety have to go to the bathrooms more often. Sometimes the head goes blank, and they start feeling lightheaded and out of breath. Moreover, the feeling as if one has a lamp on their neck. Dizziness, tiredness, pins, and needles, a noticeably fast, strong, or irregular palpitations, trembling or shaking, stomach ache, feeling sick, shortness of breath, muscle aches and tension, and dry mouth, excessive sweating(Davey, 2006).

Other symptoms include the person with the GAD feeling Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge. The victims are feeling easily fatigued. They find it difficult to concentrate or the mind going blank, irritability, sleep disturbance due to restless unsatisfying sleep (Insomnia) and Muscle tension. Other symptoms include the

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difficulties when handling indecisiveness or uncertainty. Taking every option all the way out to its possible negative conclusion in a situation and uncertainty in making decisions for fear of making the wrong decision (Thakur, 2013).

Biological Causes

The human body is very complex but amazing organism the intricacies of the human brains are presumed to be the key factors in the involvement in the maintenance and the origin of the anxiety disorders. GAD a common mental disorder can be explained regarding genetics and neurobiology. Research has produced empirical evidence that links biological conceptualizations of psychopathology with the disorder. Biological factors have to be present for the anxiety disorder to manifest. People born with the observable temperamental differences some babies are more sensitive to the stress and stimulation than other children. These kids are more likely to acquire generalized anxiety disorder later in life because their nervous system is easily aroused (DiBartalo, 2014). During the distinguishment of the ordinary anxiety from the pathological anxiety by the frequency, intensity and the duration of the symptoms people who have extra-sensitive temperaments will be more prone to greater frequency, intensity and-and length of anxiety symptoms as compared to the individuals with less-sensitive temperaments. Genetics accounts for the differences and similarities between people’s biological make up. One example of the common factor is the response to fear, the “fight or flight response” this is an adaptation to protect people from danger.

Psychological Causes

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) can be triggered by prolonged exposure to stressful situations. Stress and trauma have resulted to anxiety disorders in many people particularly women. Studies have shown that many patients with GAD have experienced stressful life events. People with generalized anxiety suffer from anxiety and fear related to threat and danger. Some patients with GAD are as a result of victims of a danger of loss. The prolonged anxiety has been caused by excess fear of losing something of value to someone’s life for example, money, spouse or property.

According to Preti et al, (2016), being a victim of childhood abuse has resulted to anxiety disorders among many people. Exposure to traumatic experiences such as rape, witnessing bloody murders or surviving fatal accidents. Such events leave traumatizing memories in a person’s mind causing psychological disorders such as generalized anxiety. Studies have established that most people suffering from GAD have been observed to report traumatic experiences or events in their lives. Individuals with traumatic experiences tend to worry about other different things every day in order to distract themselves from the past traumatic memories.

Irrational thinking can cause generalized anxiety disorder. Irrational assumptions are the primary characteristics triggering the development of anxiety disorders. Human beings are greatly disturbed when things do not go the way they want them to. Some are over concerned with the possibility of an occurrence of something dangerous or fearsome (Kujanpaa et al, 2016). People hold an assumption to be loved and approved by their community and maintaining their respect and reputation in the society. When things go against these common assumptions, anxiety disorders develops among such people. These people use assumptions to in interpreting everyday events, for example, a student

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