Medical Terminology Chapter 12

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
bronchi
tubes that bifurcate from the windpipe
branches of the trachea leading into the lungs
mediastinum
space between the lungs in the chest
region between the lungs in the thoraic cavity
adenoids
nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue
lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
alveoli and bronchioles
pulmonary parenchyma
laryngectomy
removal of the voice box
diaphragm
phren/o
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
hypoxemia
medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood
asbestosis
type of pneumonconiosis
asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
orthopnea
breathing is easier in an upright position
pyothorax
collection of pus in the pleural cavity
percussion
sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest
tapping on a surface to determine the difference in density of the underlying structure
pertussis
the “p” in dpt stands for
croup
stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder?
dyspnea
difficult breathing
asthma
bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough
atelectasis
collapsed lung
expectoration
material is expelled from the lungs
process of expelling sputum from the chest
pulmonary abscess
localized area of pus formation in the lungs
large collection of pus(bacterial infection) in the lungs
hemoptysis
spitting up blood from the lungs
endotracheal intubation
tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway
placement of a tube through the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
tuberculin test
PPD
COPD
airway obsctruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
bronchoscopy
which of the following is an endoscopic examination?
traceostomy, lung scan, thoracentesis, bronchoscopy, auscultation
Hypercapnia
High carbon dioxide levels in the blood
cilia
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
base of the lungs
lower portion of the lung
apex of the lungs
tip or uppermost portion of the lung
expiration
breathing out(exhale)
bronchioles
small branches of the tubes leading into the lungs
alveolus
air sac in the lung
epiglottis
lid-like piece of cartilage covering the larynx
inflammation of the piece of cartilage over the trachea
larynx
voice box
palatine tonsils
one of a pair of masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
nares
openings through the nose carrying air into the air passageways
inspiration
breathing in
glottis
slit-like opening to the voice box
pharynx
throat
lobe of the lung
division of the lung
hilum
midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
oxygen
gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
pleura cavity
space between the double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
visceral pleura
inner fold of membrane surrounding each lung and closet to the lung tissue
trachea
windpipe
pulmonary parenchyma
essential parts of the lung responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
carbon dioxide
gas that is exhaled through the lungs
respiration
process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
parietal pleura
outer fold of membrane surround each lung and lying closet to the ribs
alveolar
pertaining to an air sac
bronchiectasis
dilation of a bronchial tube
chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to secondary to infection in the bronchial tree
adenoid hypertrophy
increased development of adenoids
bronchiolitis
inflammation of small bronchi
adenoidectomy
removal of the adenoids
broncopleura fistula
an abnormal connection between a bronchial tube and the pleural cavity
laryngitis
inflammation of the voice box
mediastinoscopy
visual examination of the central area of the chest
endoscopy visual examination of the area between the lungs
laryngospasm
involuntary contraction of muscles in the voice box
cyanosis
bluish discoloration of the skin
paranasal sinuses
cavitites within the skull near the nose
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
lobectomy
removal of a lobe of the lung
laryngeal
pertaining to the voice box
oxia
condition of decreased oxygen
pleurodynia
pain associated with the chest muscles
dysphonia
hoarseness (abnormal sound) of the voice
pharyngeal
pertaining to the throat
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
phrenic nerve
nerve that sends messages to the diaphragm
pulmonectomy
removal of a lung
pneumonthorax
accumulation of air in the chest
collection of air in the pleural space
pleural effusion
collection of fluid in the space surrounding the lungs
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
pulmonary
pertaining to the ungs
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
thoractomy
incision of the chest
sinusitis
inflammation of cavities in the skull
Cheyne-stokes respiration
rhythmic changes in breathing
tonsillectomy
removal of the tonsils
spirometer
instrument to mesure breathing
tracheotomy
incision of the windpipe
thoraic
pertaining to the chest
tracheal stenosis
narrowing of the windpipe
enoyena
collection of pus in the pleura cavity
hyperpnea
increase in depth of breathing
tachypnea
excessive or rapid breathing
hemothorax
blood in the chest(pleural space)
apnea
not breathing
anosmia
no sense of smell
asphyxia
lack of pulse
sputum
material expelled from the lungs or upper respiratory tract by spitting
wheezes
continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
rhonchi
loud, rumbling sound heard on auscultation over bronchi obstructed by sputum
rales
fine crackling sound heard on auscultation dring inhalation
pleural rub
scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces roughened by inflammation rubbing against each other
ausculation
listening to sounds within the body
stridor
strained, high pitched sound made on inspiration; caused b obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
epistaxis
nosebleed
croup
acute viral infection of infants and children with laryngeal obstruction and stridor
cystic fibrosis
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
asthma
chronic inflammatory disorder of bronchi with airway obstruction, bronchial edema, constriction, and increased mucous production
chronic bronchitis
inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long period of time; type of COPD
diptheria
acute infection(membrane forms) of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by Corynebacterium
pertussis
whooping cough; highly infectious bacteria infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea marked by spasms of coughing
emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pleurisy
inflammation of pleura
sarcoidosis
chronic inflammaotry disease in which small nodules(granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes and other organs
pulmonary embolism
clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
tuberculosis
infectious disease of the lungs caused by bacilli(mycobateria)
pneumonia
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or inflammatory products
lung cancer
malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi; non-small cell and small cell are types
pulmonary edema
collection of fluid in air sacs and bronchioles
pneumonconiosis
dust in the lungs; chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
pulmonary fibrosis
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
mesothelioma
rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
cor pulmonale
failure of the right side of the heart to pump sufficient amount of blood to the lungs
purulent
containing pus
paroxysmal
pertaining to a sudden occurrence
bacilli
rod-shaped bacteria
silicosis
glass dust in the lungs
infitrate
collection of fluid or other material within the lung, as seen or other radiologic evaluation
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
chronic bronchitis and emphysema are examples
anthracosis
coal dust accumulation in the lungs
hydrothorax
collection of fluid in the pleural space
palliative
relieving, but not curing symptoms
pulmonary infarction
necrotic dead tissue in the lung
exudate
fluid and other substances that filter from cells or capillaries oozes into lesions or areas of inflammation
laryngoscopy
visual examination of the voice box
v/q scan
detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of radioactive gas
MRI of the chest
magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in different planes of the body
CT scan
computer-generated series x-ray images show thoraic structures in cross-section and other planes
bronchoscopy
fiberoptic endoscopy examination of the bronchial tubes
PET scan of the lung
radioactive glucose is injected and images show metabolic activity in the lungs
lung biopsy
removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
chest x-ray
PA and lateral films show radiographic images of the thoraic cavity
CT angiography
combination of computed tomography and images of blood vessels(with injected contrast)
tuberculin tests
heaf, time and mantoux tests(based of positive skin reactions) are examples
tube thoractostomy
chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
thoracentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
pulmonary function test
tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs
thoracoscopy
visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
tracheaostomy
surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck

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