Medical Terminology Chapter 12

question

bronchi
answer

tubes that bifurcate from the windpipe branches of the trachea leading into the lungs
question

mediastinum
answer

space between the lungs in the chest region between the lungs in the thoraic cavity
question

adenoids
answer

nasopharyngeal lymphatic tissue lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx
question

alveoli and bronchioles
answer

pulmonary parenchyma
question

laryngectomy
answer

removal of the voice box
question

diaphragm
answer

phren/o muscle separating the chest and abdomen
question

hypoxemia
answer

medical term for a condition of decreased oxygen in the blood
question

asbestosis
answer

type of pneumonconiosis asbestos particles accumulate in the lungs
question

orthopnea
answer

breathing is easier in an upright position
question

pyothorax
answer

collection of pus in the pleural cavity
question

percussion
answer

sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest tapping on a surface to determine the difference in density of the underlying structure
question

pertussis
answer

the “p” in dpt stands for
question

croup
answer

stridor occurs in which upper respiratory disorder?
question

dyspnea
answer

difficult breathing
question

asthma
answer

bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal dyspnea, wheezing, and cough
question

atelectasis
answer

collapsed lung
question

expectoration
answer

material is expelled from the lungs process of expelling sputum from the chest
question

pulmonary abscess
answer

localized area of pus formation in the lungs large collection of pus(bacterial infection) in the lungs
question

hemoptysis
answer

spitting up blood from the lungs
question

endotracheal intubation
answer

tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway placement of a tube through the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway
question

tuberculin test
answer

PPD
question

COPD
answer

airway obsctruction associated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
question

bronchoscopy
answer

which of the following is an endoscopic examination? traceostomy, lung scan, thoracentesis, bronchoscopy, auscultation
question

Hypercapnia
answer

High carbon dioxide levels in the blood
question

cilia
answer

thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
question

base of the lungs
answer

lower portion of the lung
question

apex of the lungs
answer

tip or uppermost portion of the lung
question

expiration
answer

breathing out(exhale)
question

bronchioles
answer

small branches of the tubes leading into the lungs
question

alveolus
answer

air sac in the lung
question

epiglottis
answer

lid-like piece of cartilage covering the larynx inflammation of the piece of cartilage over the trachea
question

larynx
answer

voice box
question

palatine tonsils
answer

one of a pair of masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx
question

nares
answer

openings through the nose carrying air into the air passageways
question

inspiration
answer

breathing in
question

glottis
answer

slit-like opening to the voice box
question

pharynx
answer

throat
question

lobe of the lung
answer

division of the lung
question

hilum
answer

midline region where the bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
question

oxygen
answer

gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
question

pleura cavity
answer

space between the double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
question

visceral pleura
answer

inner fold of membrane surrounding each lung and closet to the lung tissue
question

trachea
answer

windpipe
question

pulmonary parenchyma
answer

essential parts of the lung responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
question

carbon dioxide
answer

gas that is exhaled through the lungs
question

respiration
answer

process of moving air into and out of the lungs; breathing
question

parietal pleura
answer

outer fold of membrane surround each lung and lying closet to the ribs
question

alveolar
answer

pertaining to an air sac
question

bronchiectasis
answer

dilation of a bronchial tube chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to secondary to infection in the bronchial tree
question

adenoid hypertrophy
answer

increased development of adenoids
question

bronchiolitis
answer

inflammation of small bronchi
question

adenoidectomy
answer

removal of the adenoids
question

broncopleura fistula
answer

an abnormal connection between a bronchial tube and the pleural cavity
question

laryngitis
answer

inflammation of the voice box
question

mediastinoscopy
answer

visual examination of the central area of the chest endoscopy visual examination of the area between the lungs
question

laryngospasm
answer

involuntary contraction of muscles in the voice box
question

cyanosis
answer

bluish discoloration of the skin
question

paranasal sinuses
answer

cavitites within the skull near the nose one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
question

lobectomy
answer

removal of a lobe of the lung
question

laryngeal
answer

pertaining to the voice box
question

oxia
answer

condition of decreased oxygen
question

pleurodynia
answer

pain associated with the chest muscles
question

dysphonia
answer

hoarseness (abnormal sound) of the voice
question

pharyngeal
answer

pertaining to the throat
question

rhinorrhea
answer

discharge from the nose
question

phrenic nerve
answer

nerve that sends messages to the diaphragm
question

pulmonectomy
answer

removal of a lung
question

pneumonthorax
answer

accumulation of air in the chest collection of air in the pleural space
question

pleural effusion
answer

collection of fluid in the space surrounding the lungs abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
question

pulmonary
answer

pertaining to the ungs
question

rhinoplasty
answer

surgical repair of the nose
question

thoractomy
answer

incision of the chest
question

sinusitis
answer

inflammation of cavities in the skull
question

Cheyne-stokes respiration
answer

rhythmic changes in breathing
question

tonsillectomy
answer

removal of the tonsils
question

spirometer
answer

instrument to mesure breathing
question

tracheotomy
answer

incision of the windpipe
question

thoraic
answer

pertaining to the chest
question

tracheal stenosis
answer

narrowing of the windpipe
question

enoyena
answer

collection of pus in the pleura cavity
question

hyperpnea
answer

increase in depth of breathing
question

tachypnea
answer

excessive or rapid breathing
question

hemothorax
answer

blood in the chest(pleural space)
question

apnea
answer

not breathing
question

anosmia
answer

no sense of smell
question

asphyxia
answer

lack of pulse
question

sputum
answer

material expelled from the lungs or upper respiratory tract by spitting
question

wheezes
answer

continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
question

rhonchi
answer

loud, rumbling sound heard on auscultation over bronchi obstructed by sputum
question

rales
answer

fine crackling sound heard on auscultation dring inhalation
question

pleural rub
answer

scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces roughened by inflammation rubbing against each other
question

ausculation
answer

listening to sounds within the body
question

stridor
answer

strained, high pitched sound made on inspiration; caused b obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
question

epistaxis
answer

nosebleed
question

croup
answer

acute viral infection of infants and children with laryngeal obstruction and stridor
question

cystic fibrosis
answer

inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions in the respiratory tract that do not drain normally
question

asthma
answer

chronic inflammatory disorder of bronchi with airway obstruction, bronchial edema, constriction, and increased mucous production
question

chronic bronchitis
answer

inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long period of time; type of COPD
question

diptheria
answer

acute infection(membrane forms) of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by Corynebacterium
question

pertussis
answer

whooping cough; highly infectious bacteria infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea marked by spasms of coughing
question

emphysema
answer

hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
question

pleurisy
answer

inflammation of pleura
question

sarcoidosis
answer

chronic inflammaotry disease in which small nodules(granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes and other organs
question

pulmonary embolism
answer

clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
question

tuberculosis
answer

infectious disease of the lungs caused by bacilli(mycobateria)
question

pneumonia
answer

acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or inflammatory products
question

lung cancer
answer

malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchi; non-small cell and small cell are types
question

pulmonary edema
answer

collection of fluid in air sacs and bronchioles
question

pneumonconiosis
answer

dust in the lungs; chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
question

pulmonary fibrosis
answer

formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
question

mesothelioma
answer

rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
question

cor pulmonale
answer

failure of the right side of the heart to pump sufficient amount of blood to the lungs
question

purulent
answer

containing pus
question

paroxysmal
answer

pertaining to a sudden occurrence
question

bacilli
answer

rod-shaped bacteria
question

silicosis
answer

glass dust in the lungs
question

infitrate
answer

collection of fluid or other material within the lung, as seen or other radiologic evaluation
question

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
answer

chronic bronchitis and emphysema are examples
question

anthracosis
answer

coal dust accumulation in the lungs
question

hydrothorax
answer

collection of fluid in the pleural space
question

palliative
answer

relieving, but not curing symptoms
question

pulmonary infarction
answer

necrotic dead tissue in the lung
question

exudate
answer

fluid and other substances that filter from cells or capillaries oozes into lesions or areas of inflammation
question

laryngoscopy
answer

visual examination of the voice box
question

v/q scan
answer

detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of radioactive gas
question

MRI of the chest
answer

magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in different planes of the body
question

CT scan
answer

computer-generated series x-ray images show thoraic structures in cross-section and other planes
question

bronchoscopy
answer

fiberoptic endoscopy examination of the bronchial tubes
question

PET scan of the lung
answer

radioactive glucose is injected and images show metabolic activity in the lungs
question

lung biopsy
answer

removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination
question

chest x-ray
answer

PA and lateral films show radiographic images of the thoraic cavity
question

CT angiography
answer

combination of computed tomography and images of blood vessels(with injected contrast)
question

tuberculin tests
answer

heaf, time and mantoux tests(based of positive skin reactions) are examples
question

tube thoractostomy
answer

chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
question

thoracentesis
answer

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
question

pulmonary function test
answer

tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs
question

thoracoscopy
answer

visual examination of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope
question

tracheaostomy
answer

surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member