Marijuana legalization: California proposition 64
Marijuana legalization: California proposition 64

Marijuana legalization: California proposition 64

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  • Pages: 5 (2338 words)
  • Published: November 17, 2021
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California proposition 64 seeks to reform the realistic approach to the marijuana policy in California. This has been sparked by the heated up debates that have increased in the last two decades over marijuana legalization in the U.S states. The major concern is a review on the laws of licencing of stores to sell cannabis to people above 21 years of age. This has been a testament of the Coloradoans and the ability to work together with the people (Anderson, Hansen & Rees, 2015). However, Hickenlooper has praised all the opposing sides for holding on the facts that he believes have increased the legalisation roll out. In the union of the U.S states, California was the first state to pass laws allowing legal consumption of marijuana. This was first witnessed in the proposition 215 in 1996.

Two decades down the line, the legalization of marijuana has sparked various debates that are aimed at reviewing the poorly regulated system of marijuana cultivation. The California proposition 64 is based on the pros and cons. According to the proposition pro’s, recreational use of marijuana in California has bee

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n licenced provided it is used on the right way. The proposition cons argue that legalization of marijuana in the California state will hurt the youth and the families (Hawken et.al, 2013). Kleiman, a New York professor who is also an expert on issues surrounding marijuana use has spoken about the same. He has been among the many people in the U.S that have spoken about the issue giving different reactions to it.

The ballot summary allows marijuana use by adults beginning 21 years and licences state registered stores to regulate and sell marijuana. Following this licence, a state exercise tax of 15% is imposed on the retail sale of marijuana products as well as a $9.25 per ounce of marijuana flowers and a $2.75 per ounce of leaves (Caulkins, Kilmer & Kleiman, 2016). The summary places a tax reduction on the medical use of marijuana. According to this ballot summary, packaging, labelling marketing and advertising of the commodity are restricted. This is more of to the minors but also authorises a resentence policy to prior marijuana convictions.

Background information to the California proposition 64

Having been the first state to legalize marijuana use in the United States, the California state had enacted some measures that exempted some patients and care givers who did the cultivation of marijuana and those who used it for medical purposes that had been recommended to them by physicians. This is either from criminal laws or even doctors. The earlier proposition (215) had been considered as a victory to the turning point in legalising marijuana. On the earlier years, this proposition had reached the ballot twice in California but had no success. This two attempts were defeated by the voters who sought to decriminalize use of marijuana.

The earliest proposition was in 1972 and which ha

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also worked to decriminalize marijuana. Nearly 40 years have passed and since this time only the proposition 19 reached the ballot on 2010 which was defeated by a 53.5 % of all the total voters who voted No. this prompted the U.S Attorney General of the time sir Erick Holder to criticize president Obama’s administration arguing that it had to vigorously enforce the controlled substance act (Khatapoush & Hallfors, 2004). Those individuals and organisations that participated in the manufacturing of marijuana for recreational use had to be questioned. This was regardless of whether this acts had been legalised by the state law. This was followed by a fall of the proposition support.

The marijuana spokesperson, Mason Tvert can in arguing that the 2010 initiative had only failed since the voting process can in the midterm election (Kilmer et.al, 2010). Major victories on marijuana legalisation were witnessed in Colorado and Washington in the year 2012. This was followed by a successful vote that approved use of marijuana in Oregon and Alaska in the year 2014. Following the success of marijuana legalization quests in the four states, the president changed his tune on the recreational marijuana use. Obamas main argument was that there was no sense to allow recreational users only as this would be a bias. The president’s decision has seen the quest for marijuana legalization extend to Florida, Maine and Nevada that aim to appear in the ballot by the end of 2016.

Effects of the California proposition 64 to the government business and society

This proposition has a fiscal impact that generally affected the state by itself and the federal government. This is because, measures of fiscal effects vary significantly depending on factors such as the regulation of taxes by both the state and the federal government (Kilmer et.al, 2010). This is also influenced by the way marijuana prices change as well as its consumption changes and whether the federal government enacts laws to prohibit marijuana.

  • Government

In general, allowing the proposition to pass will lead to a growth in the net state and local tax revenues. An approximate of over $1 billion will be raised as tax revenues from the taxation of marijuana products (Pacula, 2010). It is also expected that the net reduced costs would be reached. Nearly, tens of millions of dollars could be annually raised to the state and local governments.

  • Society

On the societal basis, the generated revenues can be directed to developmental programs such as the youth empowerment programs or in other specific basis (Pacula, 2010). More often, the number of marijuana offenders held at any time in the prisons and county jails is likely to decrease. This is a positive effect to the society.

  • Business

Businesses are likely to be favoured by the legalization of marijuana use as those agents authorised to sell marijuana make great revenues (Pacula, 2010). The increased demands will favour market rates thus generating tax revenues. The overall result is job creation in the resulting economic opportunities in the formal economy.

Major supporters and opponents of the proposition

There has been a debate from state leaders in both within and outside California about legalization of marijuana. The

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