Long First Aid Mnemonics

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Bruton agammaglobulinemia, Wiskott-aldrich syn, Fabry dx, G6pd def, Ocular albinism, Lesch-nyhan syn, Dystrophy (duchenne and becker), Hunter Syn, Hemophilia a/b, Ornithine transcarbamylase def
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X-linked Recessive Diseases “Be Wise, Fool’s GOLD Heeds Silly HOpe”
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Treponema, Mycobacteria, Mycoplasma, Legionella, Rickettsia, Chlamydia
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Organisms that don’t Gram stain well “These Microbes May Lack Real Color”
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Chlamydia, Borellia, Rickettsia, Trypanosomes, Plasmodium
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Giemsa Stain “Certain Bugs Really Try My Patience”
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Nocardia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacterium tuburculosis
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Obligate Aerobes “Nagging Pests Must breathe”
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Clostridium, Bacteroides, Actinomyces
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Obligate Anaerobes “anaerobes Can’t Breathe Air”
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Rickettsia, Chlamydia
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Obligate Intracellular Organisms “stay inside when its Really Cold”
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Salmonella, Neisseria, Brucella, Mycobacterium, Listeria, Francisella, Legionella, Yersina pestis
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Facultative Intracellular Organisms “Some Nasty Bugs May Live FacultativeLY”
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S. pneumoniae, H. infleunzae, N. meningitidis, E. coli, Salmonella, K. pneumoniae, grp b Strep
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Encapsulated Bacteria “SHiNE SKiS”
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Pseudomonas, Listeria, Aspergillus, Candida, E. coli, S. aureus, Serratia
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Catalase + Organisms “you need PLACESS for your CATs”
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Cryptococcus, H. pylori, Proteus, Ureaplasma, Nocardia, Klebsiella, S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus
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Urease + Organisms “CHuck norris hates PUNKSS”
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S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Neisseria
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IgA Protease Bacteria “SHiN”
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Citrobacter, Klebsiella, E. coli, Enterobacter, Serratia
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Lactose Fermenting Enteric Bacteria “grow on macConKEE’S agar”
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Enterobius, Ascaris, Toxocara
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Nematode Infections by Ingestion “you’ll get sick if you EAT these”
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Strongyloides, Ancyclostoma, Necator
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Nematode Infections by Cutaneous “these get into your feet from the SANd”
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Loa loa, Onchocerca volvulus, Wucheria bancrofti
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Nematode Infections by Bites “lay LOW to avoid getting bitten”
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Small pox, Yellow fever, Chicken pox, Sabin polio, MMR, Influenza (INtranasal)
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Live Attenuated Viral Vaccines “LIVE for one night only! See a SMALL YELLOW CHICKEN get vaccinated with SABIN and MMR! Its INcredible!”
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Rabies, Infleunza (injected), salk Polio, hAv
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Killed Viral Vaccines “RIP Always”
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Retro-, Toga-, Flavi-, Corona-, Hepe-, Calici-, Picorna-
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+ RNA Viruses “i went to a RETRO TOGA party, where i drank FLAVored CORONA and ate HIPPY CALIfornia PICkles”
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Papilloma-, Adeno-, Parvo-, Polyoma-, Calici-, Picorna-, Reo-, Hepe-
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Naked (Nonenveloped) Viruses “give PAPP smears and CPR to a NAKED HIPPY” -DNA: PAPP -RNA: CPR/HIPPY
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Hepadna-, Herpes-, Adeno-, Pox-, Parvo-, Papilloma-, Polyoma-
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DNA Viruses “are HHAPPPPy viruses”
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Arena-, Bunya-, Paramyxo-, Othomyxo-, Filo-, Rhabdo-
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– RNA Viruses “Always Bring Polymerase Or Fail Replication”
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Bunya-, Orthomyxo-, Arena-, Reo-
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Segmented Viruses “BOAR”
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Polio-, Echo-, Rhino-, Coxsackie-, Hav
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Picornaviruses “PERCH on a PEAK (pico)”
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RSV, Mycoplasma, C. trachomatis, C. pneumoniae, S. pneumoniae
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Causes of Pneumonia in Children “Runts May Cough Chunky Sputum”
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Toxoplasma gondii, Rubella, Cmv, Hiv, Herpes simplex virus-2, Syphilis
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ToRCHHeS infections
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Sulfonamides, Aminoglycosides, Fluoroquinolones, Clarithromycin, Tetracyclines, Ribavirin, Griseofulvin, Chloramphenicol
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Antibiotics to avoid in pregnancy “SAFe Children Take Really Good Care”
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IL-1: fever (Hot) IL-2: stimulates T cells IL-3: stimulates BONE marrow IL-4: stimulates igE production IL-5: stimulates aKute phase protein production
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IL-1 through IL-6 Function “Hot T-BONE stEAK”
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α₁: Gq α₂: Gi β₁: Gs β₂: Gs M₁: Gq M₂: Gi M₃: Gq D₁: Gs D₂: Gi H₁: Gq H₂: Gs V₁: Gq V₂: Gs
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Types of GPCRs for Adrenergic, Muscarinic, Dopamine, Histamine and Vasopressin Receptors “QISS and QIQ til you’re SIQ of SQS”
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↑ Body Temp ↑ HR Dry mouth Dry, Flushed skin Cycloplegia constipation Disorientation
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Atropine Toxicity “Hot as a hare, Dry as a bone, Red as a beet, Blind as a bat, Mad as a Hatter”
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Diarrhea Urination Miosis Bradycardia Bronchospasm Excitation Lacrimation Salivation Sweating
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Cholinesterase Inhibitor Poisoning “DUMBBELSS”
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Chronic alcohol use Modafinil St. John’s Wort Phenytoin Phenobarbital Nevirapine Rifampin Griseofulvin Carbamazepine
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Cytochrome P450 Inducers “Chronic alcoholic Mona Steals Phen-Phen and Never Refuses Greasy Carbs”
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Anti-epileptics Anti-depressants Anti-psychotics Anesthetics Theophylline Warfarin Statins OCPs
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Cytochrome P450 Substrates “Always, Always, Always, Always Think When Starting Others”
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Acute alcohol use Gemfibrozil Ciprofloxacin Isoniazid Grapefruit Juice Quinidine Amiodarone Ketoconazole Macrolides Sulfonamides Cimetidine Ritonavir
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Cytochrome P450 Inhibitors “A cute Gentleman Cipped Iced GF juice Quickly And Kept on Munching Soft Cinnamon Rolls”
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Probenacid Furosemide Acetazolamide Celecoxib Thiazides Sulfonamide antibiotics Sulfasalazine Sulfonylureas
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Sulfa Drugs “Popular FACTSSS”
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FSH LH ACTH TSH CRH h-CG ADH (V₂) MSH PTH Calcitonin GHRH Glucagon
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Signaling Pathways: cAMP “FLAT ChAMP (CGG)”
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GnRH Oxytocin ADH (V₁) TRH Histamine (H₁) Angiotensin II Gastrin
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Signaling Pathways: IP₃ “GOAT HAG”
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Vitamin D Estrogen Testosterone T₃ T₄ Cortisol Aldosterone Progesterone
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Signaling Pathways: Steroid Receptor “VETTT CAP”
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Pot-bellied Pale Puffy face Protruding umbilicus Protruberant tongue Poor brain development
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Symptoms of Congenital Hypothyroidism “6 P’s”

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