LOM Chapter 12 Review

Flashcard maker : Briley Leonard
adenoids
Lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
alveolus (plural: alveoli)
Air sac in the lung.
apex of the lung
tip or uppermost portion of the lung. An apex is the tip of a structure.
base of the lung
Lower portion of the lung; from the Greek basis, foundation. Basilar means pertaining to the base.
bronchioles
small tubes that branch off the bronchi that contain clusters of alveoli at each end.
bronchus
branch of the trachea (windpipe) that is a passageway into the lung; bronchial tube
carbon dioxide (CO2)
Gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs
cilla
short, hairlike structures that keep particles away from airways; main purpose: movement
diaphram
the muscular structure that divides the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. A major muscle of respiration
expiration
Breathing out (exhalation)
glottis
slit-like opening to the larynx
hilum (of lung)
Midline region where the bronchi, blood vesses, and nerves enter and exit the lungs.
inspiration
breathing in
larynx
voice box; passageway for air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords
lobe
division of a lung
mediastinum
The part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
nares
Openings through the nose carrying air into the nasal cavities
oxygen (o2)
Gas that passes into the bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
palatine tonsil
one of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx (palatine means pertaining to the roof of the mouth)
paranasal sinus
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
parietal pleura
Outer fold of pleura lying closer to the ribs and chest wall.
pharynx
Throat; including the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx
pluera
double-folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavity
space between the folds of the pleura
pulmonary parenchyma
Essential parts of the lung, responsible for respiration; bronchioles and alveoli
respiration
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
trachea
windpipe that connects the larynx to the lungs
visceral pleura
inner fold of pleura lying closer to the lung tissue
auscultation
hearing sounds within the body through a stethoscope
percussion
tapping of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath
pleural rub
scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
rales(crackles)
fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
rhonchi (singular: rhonchus)
Loud rumbling sounds heard on auscultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
sputum
material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
stridor
high-pitched sound heard on inspiration(breathing in) ; upper-airway sound indicating partial obstruction of the trachea or larynx
wheezes
Continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
croup
an acute respiratory syndrome in children and infants characterized by obstruction of the larynx, hoarseness, and a barking cough
diphtheria
an acute bacterial infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract , caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae
epistaxis
nosebleed
pertussis
whooping cough; highly contagious bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea caused by Bordetella pertussis
asthma
chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
bronchiectasis
chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
cronic bronchitis
inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time
cystic fybrosis
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions in the respitory tract that do not drain normally
atelectasis
collapse of lung
emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
cor pulmonale
right sided heart failure
lung cancer
Malignant tumor arising from the lungs and bronchial tubes.
non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
90% of lung cancers:adenocarcinoma(from mucous secreating cells)squamous cell carcinoma(lining of bronchus)
small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
derives from small, round cells found in pulmonary epithelium. It grows rapidly early in its course and quickly spreads outside the lung.
pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection, and bronchitis
pneumonia
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory reaction
pulmonary abscess
a large collection of pus in the lungs
pulmonary edema
fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary embolism (PE)
clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
pulmonary fibrosis
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
sarcoidosis
chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
tuberculosis (TB)
a chronic bacterial disease, caused by myobacterium tuberculosis, that usually affects the lungs but can also affect other organs such as the brain and kidneys.
mesothelioma
Form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining the lungs with exposure to asbestos dust
pleural effusion
accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
pleurisy (pleuritis)
inflammation of pleura
pneumothorax
collection of air in the pleural space
anthracosis
Black Lung; a lung condition caused by inhalation of coal dust and silica
lobar pneumonia
pneumonia affecting one or more lobes of the lung
exudate
pus or secretion of pus
hydrothorax
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the thoracic cavity
infiltrate
collection of fluid or other material within a lung
pallitive
relieving symptoms but not effecting a cure
paroxysmal
pertaining to the sudden onset of an attack, symptoms, or emotion
pulmonary infarction
Area of dead tissue in the lung
purulent
containing pus
silicosis
Abnormal condition caused by silica or glass dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation, infection and bronchitis.

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