Human Anatomy Ch.1

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Anatomy
The study of structure.
Physiology
The scentific discipline that studies the function of the body structures.
Cytology
the study of single body cells and their internal structures.
Histology
The study of tissues.
Coronal Plane
A vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
Transverse Plane
A plan that cuts perpendicularly along the long axis of the body or organ.
Midsaggital Plane
A plane that extends through the body’s midline.
Saggital Plane
A vertical plane that divides structures into left and right halves.
Oblique Plane
A minor plane that passes through the specimen at an angle.
Anterior
In front of; toward the surface
Posterior
In back of; toward the back surface
Dorsal
At the back side of the human body
Ventral
At the belly side of the human body
Superior
Toward the head or above
Inferior
Toward feet not head
Caudal
At the rear or tail end
Cranial
At the head end
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body
Deep
On the inside, underneath another structure
Superficial
On the outside
Proximal
Closest to point of attachment to trunk
Distal
Furthest from point of attachment to trunk
Axial Region
Consists of the head, neck, and trunk and forms the main vertical axis of our body
Appendicular Region
Term for the limbs that attach to the trunk.
Cranial cavity
Formed by the cranium and houses the brain
Vertebral Canal
Cavity that is formed by the individual bones of the vertebral column and contains the spinal cord
Dorsal Cavity
Cavity that houses the Central Nervous System (Cranial Cavity and Vertebral canal)
Ventral Cavity
General Cavity that consists of the Thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity
Cavity that consists of the abdominal and pelvic cavities(Inferior).
Diaphragm
A muscular partition that develops between the thracic and abdominopelvic cavities
Serous Cavity
The area that lies between the parietal and viseral layers of the serous membrane that contains a lubricating film of serous fluid that is secreted by the cells of the serous membranes.
Parietal Layer
The thin layer of a serous membrane that lines the internal surface of the body wall.
Visceral Layer
The thin layer of the serous membrane that covers the external surface of organs within the cavity.
Thoracic Cavity
The superior body cavity that is contained in the ventral cavity.
Abdominal
Region inferior to the thorax and superior to the hip bones
Antebrachial
Forearm
Antecubital
Region in front of the elbow
Axillary
Armpit
Brachial
Upper Arm
Buccal
Cheek
Calcaneal
Heel of the foot
Carpal
Wrist
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Neck
Coxal
Hip
Cranial
Skull
Crural
Leg
Deltoid
Shoulder
Digital
Fingers or toes (Also called phalangeal)
Dorsal
Back
Facial
Face
Femoral
Thigh
Frontal
Forehead
Gluteal
Buttock
Hallux
Great toe
Inguinal
Groin
Lumbar
Loin
Mammary
Breast
Manus
hand
Mental
Chin
Nasal
Nose
Occipital
Posterior base of the head
Olecranal
Posterior of the elbow
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eye
Palmar
Palm of the hand
Patellar
Kneecap
Pelvic
Pelvis
Perineal
Region betweenthe anus and teh external reproductive organs
Pes
Foot
Plantar
Sole of the foot
Pollex
Thumb
Popliteal
Area posterior to the knee
Pubic
Anterior region of the pelvis
Sacral
Posterior region between the hip bones
Scapular
Shoulder blade
Sternal
Middle of the thorax, anteriority
Sural
Calf
Thoracic
Chest or thorax
Tarsal
Ankle
Umbilical
Navel
Vertebral
Spinal column
Mediastinum
The median space in the thoracic cavity that contains the heart, thymus, esophagus, trachea, and major blood vessels that connect the heart.
Pericardium
A two-layered serous membrane that encases the heard.
Parietal Pericardium
the outermost layer of the serous membrane that forms a sac around the heart.
Visceral Pericardium
The layer of the serous membrane that is actually considered the external surface of the heart.
Pericardial Cavity
the potential space between teh parietal and visceral pericardia; it also contains serous fluid
Pleural Cavity
The narrow, moist, potential space between the parietal and visceral plurae and is the location of the lubrication serous fluid.
Pleura
The two-layered serous membrane that lines the lungs.
Parital Pleura
The outer layer of the serous membrane that lines the internal surface of the thoracic wall.
Visceral Pleura
the inner layer of the serous membrane that covers the external surface of the lung.
Peritoneum
The moist, two-layered serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity.
Parietal Peritoneum
The outer layer of the serous membrane that lines the internal walls of the abdominopelvic cavity.
Visceral Peritoneum
The inner layer of the serous membrane that ensheathes the external layer of most digestive organs.

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