Government Unit 2 Answers

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How did early American leaders think the Articles of Confederation would protect natural rights?
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They believed that keeping the federal government weak would protect the rights of the states and people.
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“In determining questions in the United States in Congress assembled, each State shall have one vote.”-Articles of Confederation Could a person correctly argue that this quote violates the principle of popular sovereignty?
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One could correctly argue that it is a violation because the states have different populations and should have proportional votes.
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Which of the following amendments to the U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of federalism?
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The Tenth Amendment reserves rights to the states not assigned to the national government.
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The “necessary and proper clause” is a phrase in the U.S. Constitution designed to protect the principle of:
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Rule of law
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Which of the following characteristics of the U.S. Constitution best reflects the principle of individual rights?
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The framers added a Bill of Rights through the amendment process.
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The word “reserved” refers to powers that:
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Belong only to state governments
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Expressed powers are those that are:
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Listed in the Constitution and belong to the national government
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The judicial branch is:
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A system of state and federal courts
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The legislative branch has the power to:
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Make laws
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“To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;”-U.S. Constitution The power described in this quote belongs to the:
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The power to create and collect taxes is an example of:
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A concurrent power
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An example of a delegated power is the power to:
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Govern American territories
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“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”-Declaration of Independence This quote reflects the political principle of:
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Natural rights because people are born equal with certain rights because they are humans
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Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of natural rights in the Declaration of Independence?
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“All men are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
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The Declaration of Independence uses the phrase “inalienable” to describe:
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Natural rights that cannot be taken away from a person by any government
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Which of the following quotes best reflects the principle of popular sovereignty in the Declaration of Independence?
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“He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected.”
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Which of the following Supreme Court cases is matched to its outcome and significance?
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McCulloch v. Maryland-clarified the meaning of the supremacy clause
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Which of the following best explains why the Supreme Court case of McCulloch v. Maryland is significant?
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It identified a national bank as a legitimate implied power and said states could not tax the national government.
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Imagine the police arrested a man for owning and keeping a handgun in his home, which police confiscated. The city he lives in has a law banning citizens from having firearms in their homes. Which of the following could happen?
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He could provide gun registration and purchase paperwork in court to challenge the arrest under the District of Columbia v. Heller decision.
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The Constitution reflects the principle “separation of powers” because it:
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Distributes power between three branches of government
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The Articles of Confederation reflected the principle of federalism because it:
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Divided power between state and national governments
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The Constitution reflects the principle “republicanism” because it:
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Divides the legislative branch into two houses of elected officials
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Articles I, II, and III of the Constitution describe the:
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Powers of the branches of federal government
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The framers of the Constitution believed that they created a government:
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Limited to the powers described in the document
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The amendment process to the U.S. Constitution reflects the principle of:
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Federalism because it requires support from state and national governments
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How is the principle of “rule of law” evident in the Constitution?
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It creates a government that can make, enforce, and review its own laws.
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“The United States in Congress assembled shall never engage in a war, nor grant letters of marque or reprisal in time of peace, nor enter into any treaties or alliances, … unless nine States assent to the same.”-Articles of Confederation This quote directly reflects the principle of:
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Federalism
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Under the Constitution, the principle of “federalism” is the reason that power and responsibility are:
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Shared by state and national governments
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Under the Articles of Confederation, the principle of “republicanism” helps explain why:
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