Government 2306 Chapters 1,2,3

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What best describes Texas’s philosophy today?
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The best government is the government that governs least
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The view that ​inequity is inevitable and that personal responsibility is the determinate of an individual’s quality of life is an example of
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Texas conservatism
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Those who view social inequality as the result of institutional and economic forces beyond the control of individuals often support the idea of a government that
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attempts to balance power in society and support the disadvantaged.
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Which is not a correct statement about social conservatives in Texas?
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They do not support the use of state power to restrict gambling
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More Texans support ___________ than ____________
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the death penalty, a pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens
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Which is a true statement about political participation due to Texas’s political subculture?
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Participation in politics is not as highly regarded as in those states with a moralistic culture
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According to Daniel Elazar, which of the following distinct political subcultures does not exist in Texas?
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Modernistic
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Which of the following is a correct statement about the individualistic political subculture
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Government’s prime objective is to further private enterprise
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Which of the following is not considered a belief of the traditionalistic political subculture?
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This subculture believes in public rather than personal solutions to problems
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Texas’s comparatively low levels of funding to social programs illustrate which type of political subculture
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Individualistic
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Which act granted married women equal rights in insurance, banking, real estate, contracts, divorce, child custody, and property rights?
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Martial Property Act
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In 1956, Governor Allan Shivers declared which demonstration an \”orderly protest\” and sent the Texas Rangers to support the protestors?
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Mansfield School Desegregation Incident
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Which court case argued that Latinos, although white, were \”a class apart\” and suffered discrimination on the basis of their \”class\”?
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Hernandez v. State of Texas
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In 2005, Texans passed by a majority of 76 percent an amendment banning​
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both gay and lesbian marriage and civil unions
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What characteristics reflected the Old South’s elitism that aimed to limit political participation to the \”right people\”?
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All of these choices are true.
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Compared with other states, Texas has rather generous programs that benefit the poor and the less well educated
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False
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Texas has a history of improving social programs only after being required to do so by the courts
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True
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Powers of the national government stated in the U.S. Constitution are called
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delegated
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Powers shared by the state and national government as stated in the U.S. Constitution are called
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concurrent.
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Powers found in Article 1, Section 8 and are explicitly listed in the U.S. Constitution are called
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expressed powers
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The implied powers of the national government are designed to do whatever is necessary to
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carry out the expressed powers of the national government
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Under Article 1, the U.S. Constitution gives the national government all of the following expressed powers except
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conduct elections
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Which is a correct statement about the Tenth Amendment?
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In spite of this amendment, the U.S. Supreme Court in McCulloch v. Maryland permitted federal action through implied powers
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Which U.S. constitutional amendment has been used by the U.S. Supreme Court to extend most of the provisions in the Bill of Rights to state governments?
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Fourteenth Amendment
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One example of a concurrent power would be the ability to _________________.
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charter banks
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Until the 1930s, the relationship between states like Texas and the national government would best be described as
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dual federalism
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When Texas receives matching funds or additional assistance from the national government for pursuing certain public policies, this is an example of
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cooperative federalism
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State and local governments have greater administrative flexibility with ________ than with categorical grants
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block grants
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During the era of transition from dual to cooperative federalism which policy area garnered the most opposition from southern states?
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Civil rights
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The Plessy v. Ferguson decision allowed continued discrimination against African Americans, and it became pervasive throughout the South as
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Jim Crow laws
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Southern states viewed Brown v. Board of Education, the Twenty-Fourth Amendment, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and Voting Rights Act of 1965 as
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an encroachment of their states’ rights
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The National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 is an example of​
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federal encroachment using regulatory policy
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Governor Rick Perry, during his 2011-2012 presidential bid, argued that the federal government had increasingly taken over more activities of the state government. This is an example of what type of federalism?
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Coercive federalism
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The obligations that the federal government imposes on state governments with little or no funding to help support the program define
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unfunded mandates
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HB 2 required that all abortion clinic doctors must possess _________________.
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hospital admitting privileges
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The Tea party formed in reaction to __________.
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the expanding size of government
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In their struggle for power, which institution has acted as an umpire between the national and state governments?
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The U.S. Supreme Court
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The constitution of the Republic of Texas adopted some provisions from Spanish-Mexican law, including
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all of these choices are true
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Which is a correct statement about Texas?
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Texas won independence in 1836 and gained statehood in 1845
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Which of the following concerning the Texas Constitution of 1836 is not correct?
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It established a federal system of government for the Republic
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Which of the following is not true of the Texas Constitution of 1845?
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It granted the governor a term of four years.
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The kind of ballot that results from the election of a large number of independent executive and judicial officers is a
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long ballot
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Which is a correct statement about the Texas Constitution of 1866?
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All of these choices are true
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Which of the following is true about the Constitution of 1869?
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All of these choices are true
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When state governments misuse their powers, the response is usually to
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place constitutional limitations and restrictions on those powers
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Which of the following was the slogan of the Texas Grange going into the 1875 Constitutional Convention?
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Retrenchment and reform
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The Constitution of 1875 was opposed by all of the following groups except
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Democtats
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Which of the following is not true of the Texas legislature?
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Senators serve six-year terms and representatives serve four-year terms
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Article 3 of the Texas Constitution assigns power to a _______ legislature consisting of the 31 members of the senate and the 150 members of the house of representatives
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bicameral
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Which is a correct statement about Texas special sessions?
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Texas special sessions are more restrictive than any other state.
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Which statement is correct regarding term limitations of legislators in the Texas state constitution?
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Term limits do not exist in the constitution.
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Texas does not permit voters to decide directly on
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legislative appointments
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Which of the following is not a power granted to the Texas governor?
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Reduction veto
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The constitution stipulates that state judges are to be selected by which method?
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Partisan election by the voters
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Which election method allows citizens to place proposals on the ballot for voter approval? If the measure passes, it becomes law.
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Initiative
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Which of the following is true about the Texas Constitution’s amendment process?
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Ratification by the majority of voters
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The Constitutional Convention of 1974 was divided over which issue?
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A right-to-work provision to restrict organized labor

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