Gov Chapter 4

question

de Tocqueville’s notable visit to the United States was prompted by the desire to study
answer

prisons
question

de Tocqueville argued that American democracy endured as the byproduct of
answer

All of the above (Geography, laws, customs, manners)
question

A political culture exists where
answer

there is a distinctive and patterned way of thinking about political and economic life.
question

In a classic study of the political beliefs and attitude of children, American children were more likely to argue that a president who was pulled over for speeding would be
answer

fined or ticketed
question

Some have argued that democracy flourished early in America because of
answer

the availability of land.
question

The text says that one notable distinction between two democracies, the United States and Japan, is in regard to
answer

immigration policy.
question

The text suggests Americans are \”preoccupied\” with
answer

their rights.
question

In our society, government officials should be accountable to the people. This principle is known as
answer

democracy
question

Liberty and individual responsibility are two key elements of
answer

U.S. political culture.
question

All of the following are basic elements of the U.S. political culture except
answer

economic equality.
question

The text lists three critical questions to ask about political culture. One of these is:
answer

How do we know that people share the alleged beliefs?
question

What was the Swedish sociologist Gunnar Myrdal referring to when he spoke of \”America’s dilemma\”?
answer

Race relations
question

Political conflict can occur over specific policies even among those who share common beliefs. One reason for this is that
answer

many political values are irrelevant to specific controversies.
question

According to the text, the persistence in our political vocabulary of the term ________ is evidence of Americans’ common hopes and values
answer

Americanism
question

Which of the following are Americans more likely to tolerate?
answer

Economic as opposed to political inequality
question

Which of the following statements about economic equality applies most accurately to Americans?
answer

Most Americans believe that everyone has the right to get ahead: \”equality of opportunity.\”
question

According to polls, which of the groups below are Americans most willing to help?
answer

The elderly
question

Social policy in the United States is dominated by a common belief among Americans in the
answer

ethic of self-reliance
question

In American political culture, the _________ view of social policy is by far the most popular.
answer

individualist
question

The citizens of _________ are most likely to say they are proud to be citizens of their country.
answer

the United States
question

The citizens of _________ are least likely to think that success in life is determined by forces outside our control.
answer

the United States
question

The citizens of ________ are most likely to say that teaching children the value of hard work is important.
answer

the United States
question

The text argues that the democratic political culture of Sweden differs from that of the United States because the Swedes
answer

are more deferential than participatory in their politics.
question

Compared with Americans, Japanese are more likely to
answer

stress social harmony and group cohesion in their social relations.
question

A classic study found that citizens of ______ had the highest sense of civic duty.
answer

the United States
question

A classic study found that citizens of ______ had the highest sense of civic competence.
answer

the United States
question

Which of the following statements concerning attitudes and opinions expressed by Americans in surveys is incorrect?
answer

None of the above.
question

A classic study of American and Swedish trade-union and political-party leaders found that Americans were
answer

All of the above.
question

There is, in fact, less income inequality in Sweden than in America because
answer

the government ensures that it is so.
question

Compared with the average European, the average American is more likely to
answer

All of the above.
question

Research finds that religious persons are more likely than secular persons to
answer

All of the above.
question

Which religious group or leader advocated constitutional amendments that would require prayer in public schools and ban abortion?
answer

the Moral Majority
question

Which group attracted an enormous amount of media attention and became a prominent force in many national, state, and local elections during the 1990s?
answer

the Christian Coalition
question

The relevance and potential impact of religion in American politics were evident in 2002 when a federal court issued a controversial ruling regarding
answer

the Pledge of Allegiance.
question

The text argues that the U.S. Constitution had to reconcile
answer

personal liberty with the need for social control.
question

The text suggests that Americans have a \”preoccupation\” with
answer

rights
question

The distrust of political authority so evident in American political culture has its basis in
answer

religious beliefs.
question

Which statement is incorrect?
answer

The Federalists sought to repeal laws that suppressed journalists favorable to Jefferson.
question

Early competition between the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans ended by establishing the principle that
answer

democracy could survive a change of ruling parties.
question

Religious diversity in the United States was largely the result of the absence of a(n)
answer

established religion
question

The dominant religious tradition in the early United States was
answer

Protestantism, especially Puritanism.
question

Who explained the rise of capitalism in terms of religious beliefs and the community involvement of individuals?
answer

Weber
question

The notion that individuals should work hard, save their money, and avoid dependence on the state is sometimes referred to as the
answer

Protestant (work) ethic.
question

Congregational churches provided many Americans with
answer

political training and experience.
question

Churches in the United States were important in the development of a sense of civic duty and civic competence because they
answer

were organized much like a political system.
question

The most important source of political values in the United States is probably
answer

the family.
question

One aspect of the American family that contributes to the way Americans regard their political system is the
answer

large measure of equality among American family members.
question

Americans have a comparatively low degree of
answer

class consciousness.
question

Tales of youngsters who started out poor but became rich by determination and hard work are associated with the writings of
answer

Horatio Alger.
question

Which of the following groups of issues does the text refer to as areas of conflict in the culture war?
answer

Drug use, school prayer, abortion
question

The current understanding of the culture war and its sides was first formulated by
answer

James D. Hunter.
question

In the language of culture wars, a progressive is more likely to
answer

Both A and B (value personal freedom as much as traditional rules. interpret traditional moral rules in the light of new circumstances. )
question

Most conspicuous among the orthodox are
answer

fundamentalist Protestants.
question

The culture war is about
answer

what kind of country we ought to live in.
question

Morris Fiorina would have us believe that the culture war is more of a myth than anything else and is really only a reflection of the fact that
answer

the media publicize the polarization that exists among political leaders.
question

Alan Abramowitz suggests that the culture war might be more real than imagined because people are increasingly choosing their party affiliation on the basis of
answer

issues
question

Although the proportion of people who say they trust the government in Washington to do the right thing has steadily declined since the 1950s, it should be remembered that
answer

they are talking about government officials, not the system of government.
question

In thinking about trends in popular trust of government, it is important to consider that
answer

Both A and B. (levels of trust may have been abnormally high in the 1950s. little was expected of government in the 1950s.)
question

The percentage of Americans who say that they have a lot of confidence in Congress is typically
answer

fairly low.
question

Over the last three decades, public trust has declined for all of the following except
answer

The military
question

Putnam worried that Americans might be losing social capital because
answer

they are less and less likely to join voluntary associations.
question

According to the text, a degree of tolerance toward political discussion without too much oppression is
answer

the minimum requirement of a democracy.
question

Studies show that Americans support constitutional freedoms under what conditions?
answer

In the abstract, but not always in the concrete
question

The text argues that a lack of consensus regarding which groups ought to be repressed has led to
answer

the survival of unpopular political causes.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member