First Aid (Grade 9 Health)

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3 steps of responding to an emergency
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1. Check the Scene 2. Call For Help 3. Provide Care for the Victim
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Abrasion is
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a scrape
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Laceration is
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a cut
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Puncture is
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a hole
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Avulsion is
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partial or complete separation
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List the four types of open wounds
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Abrasion, Laceration, Puncture, Avulsion
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How to treat Abrasion
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Clean Wound, prevent infection
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How to treat Laceration
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Stop Bleeding, get medical care
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Puncture wound is indicative of
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No external bleeding, possible internal damage
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How to treat Avulsion
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Control heavy bleeding, Pack body part in ice and ice water
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5 First Aid steps for bleeding
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1. Cover Wound with Sterile gauze or cloth 2. Elevate Wound 3. Add Layers, do not remove bandage 4. Get Medical Help 5. Apply Pressure Point Bleeding Control
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Burns can be caused by
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heat, radiation, chemical, sun and electricity
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To treat 1st degree burns
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run under cool running water, cover with cool wet towel, cover with bandage.
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How to notice 2nd degree burns
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Damage to layers of skin, blisters, and area appears blotchy
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How to treat 2nd degree burns
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cool with water, not ice, wrap area loosely, elevate. Do not pop Blisters
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What happens with 3rd degree burns
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Deep skin, fat, muscle, nerves and bone may be damaged
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How to help treat 3rd degree burns
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Cover the area, call for medical help. Water is only an option in certain instances.
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How to notice 1st degree burns
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outer layer of skin reddish and irritated
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Shock is
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Failure of the cardiovascular system to keep adequate supply of blood circulation to vital organs
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How to help someone with shock
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1. Call 911 2. Control Bleeding 3. Elevate Legs 4. Never any food or drink
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How to help someone who is choking?
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Abdominal Thrusts, Quick Inward Upward pulls to the Diaphragm (Under Rib Cage)
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Strain is
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injury to muscle
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Sprain is
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injury to ligament
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How to treat Sprain?
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R.I.C.E.
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R.I.C.E. is what
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steps to treat sprains
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RICE steps are:
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1. Rest 2. Ice 3. Compression 4. Elevation
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question
3 steps of responding to an emergency
answer
1. Check the Scene 2. Call For Help 3. Provide Care for the Victim
question
Abrasion is
answer
a scrape
question
Laceration is
answer
a cut
question
Puncture is
answer
a hole
question
Avulsion is
answer
partial or complete separation
question
List the four types of open wounds
answer
Abrasion, Laceration, Puncture, Avulsion
question
How to treat Abrasion
answer
Clean Wound, prevent infection
question
How to treat Laceration
answer
Stop Bleeding, get medical care
question
Puncture wound is indicative of
answer
No external bleeding, possible internal damage
question
How to treat Avulsion
answer
Control heavy bleeding, Pack body part in ice and ice water
question
5 First Aid steps for bleeding
answer
1. Cover Wound with Sterile gauze or cloth 2. Elevate Wound 3. Add Layers, do not remove bandage 4. Get Medical Help 5. Apply Pressure Point Bleeding Control
question
Burns can be caused by
answer
heat, radiation, chemical, sun and electricity
question
To treat 1st degree burns
answer
run under cool running water, cover with cool wet towel, cover with bandage.
question
How to notice 2nd degree burns
answer
Damage to layers of skin, blisters, and area appears blotchy
question
How to treat 2nd degree burns
answer
cool with water, not ice, wrap area loosely, elevate. Do not pop Blisters
question
What happens with 3rd degree burns
answer
Deep skin, fat, muscle, nerves and bone may be damaged
question
How to help treat 3rd degree burns
answer
Cover the area, call for medical help. Water is only an option in certain instances.
question
How to notice 1st degree burns
answer
outer layer of skin reddish and irritated
question
Shock is
answer
Failure of the cardiovascular system to keep adequate supply of blood circulation to vital organs
question
How to help someone with shock
answer
1. Call 911 2. Control Bleeding 3. Elevate Legs 4. Never any food or drink
question
How to help someone who is choking?
answer
Abdominal Thrusts, Quick Inward Upward pulls to the Diaphragm (Under Rib Cage)
question
Strain is
answer
injury to muscle
question
Sprain is
answer
injury to ligament
question
How to treat Sprain?
answer
R.I.C.E.
question
R.I.C.E. is what
answer
steps to treat sprains
question
RICE steps are:
answer
1. Rest 2. Ice 3. Compression 4. Elevation