Facebook is a profit seeking corporation based on online social networking based in California in the United States of America. The Facebook website was founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg together with his roommates in Harvard College. Initially, the website was limited to students in the Harvard College. It later captured colleges in Boston. Currently, anyone who is above 13 years can be a registered member of Facebook. Once one has registered, he or she is then allowed to create a profile and then add other people who are registered as friends. Facebook allows one to exchange ideas, photos, update status, receive notification if other user updates their own profiles, share videos and even utilize various applications (Miller, 2011, pg. 6). As at 2015, Facebook users were estimated to be over 1.59 billion. There has been a great concern with regard to negative social and psychological effect that Facebook has had on users which has placed its importance and effectiveness to scrutiny. The current paper looks at positive and negative psych...
o-social effects of this largest social network and establishes exclusively if Facebook is more of negatives or positives to the society. The first section will look at the psychological health perspective of Facebook and the second section look at the social perspective of Facebook.
Psychological Health Perspective of Facebook
Although Facebook has offered high effect of interaction that people have always wanted, there are some concerns that this social media has a negative psychological health effect (Turkle, 2011, 35). Facebook offers simultaneous effect on keeping in touch with friends, relatives and colleagues at the same time without any travel costs. Although this is the case, the main argument currently is that Facebook has resulted to some negative psychological effects and many of the effects are invisible. Some of psychological costs of Facebook are stipulated below;
Facebook makes one have a psychological feeling that he or she is inferior in comparison to other people. One way of one establishing whether he or she is performing well in life is through checking on the wellbeing of others. One way to easily check on that is through Facebook. Facebook allows one to check on his or her friends. If one checks on friends in Facebook and sees friend posting pictures showing their achievements like promotions in work or even the success, will feel inferior and thick that life is unfair which is a psychological health issue (Lee, 2013, pg. 42).
According to In Abraham & In Hassanien, (2012, pg. 86), one of the psychological impacts of a person passively following other people in Facebook is as a result of feeling envious. Facebook makes one to envy friends’ successes. This is especially as a result of one seeing his or her friends posting their achievements in life including promotion or even purchase of expensive cars. This can makes one feel like he o
she is not sharing on the success of friends or people who are close.
In addition, Facebook has been known to create a false consensus (Aneshensel et al, 2012, pg. 113). Just like Google search in which in which two individuals can such for same information and being given different results, Facebook just like any all other social networks in which information have been personalized. Because of sorted function of Facebook, posts that are high in an individual’s feed are from those friends who have common influences. Accessing posts from people who are like-minded may give individual false information from a reality.
Another psychological health effect of Facebook is its effect on connecting a person with people that he or she will rather forget (Anderson, 2012, pg. 28). For example, through Facebook, one is bound to connect with a person who reminds him or her of painful times of life. Through Facebook, one can access information of a person who used to cause affliction in life and this can bring back bad memories which is psychologically unhealthy.
In addition, Facebook has an effect of making partners to feel jealous of each other. Many marriages have been known to break because of stalking in which partners tries to follow their partners in Facebook. A woman can feel jealous if she sees another woman liking his husband’s photos or updates which might result to unhealthy relationship. The same applies if a man notices another man liking each and every photo and comment by his wife. This cause instances of jealous which is psychologically unhealthy (boyd, 2014, pg. 73).
Facebook has an effect of revealing information to a potential employer (boyd, 2014, Pg. 36). Some people have missed up on employment based on the posts on their Facebook account. Currently, many employers are checking on social Medias in deciding on in deciding on potential workers for their organization. For example, if one decides to update negative information about him like how he or she can be easily depressed and a potential employer accesses this information, it can negatively affect the chances of employment which can affect one psychologically. Another psychological effect of Facebook is its addictive nature. Many people who are using Facebook have become addictive checking on the profiles from time to time. This can affect one especially in job performance. In addition, many accidents that are occurring have been associated with the addiction that people have with social Medias resulting to distraction especially while driving (OCSC 2013 et al, 2013, pg. 111).
Although some argue that Facebook have resulted to some psychological health effects to users. There are those who believe that Facebook has resulted to psychological benefits health. Many argue that through Facebook people socialize, this results to mitigation of psychological depression and also anxiety. This is especially important as reduces psychological diseases including stress (Hartsell& Bernstein, 2013, pg. 23). In addition, Facebook helps people to develop social relationship which helps to mitigate issues that are relating to stress. Through Facebook, people suffering with anxiety and depression to have great satisfaction of life. In addition, there are various groups in Facebook that offers