Analysis-Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare Essay
I will be writing about “Sonnet 130” that was written in 1609 by William Shakespeare. The theme of this sonnet is romance, but it isn’t the conventional love poem were you praise your mistress and point out to the readers all the ways in which she is perfect and the best. In this sonnet we could see that beauty isn’t a rush when you talk about love and how does Shakespeare compares her mistress appearance to things which she isn’t, this means her mistress isn’t the like a “Super model” however he loves her imperfections because those are the ones which make her a human.
In the first quatrain of the sonnet we could see more clearly what I told above. “My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red, than her lips red: If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; if hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. ” In this first quatrain we can see how he isn’t describing perfectly her mistress like in any other conventional love sonnet; instead he is being realistic and praising her mistress beauty in real terms.
He starts refusing how her mistress eyes don’t look like the sun, this is because the sun is bright and easy to see, however her mistress eyes are cold. He also tells us that coral which is a type of orange are redder than her lips; this means that her mistress lips are a normal colour, not the perfect red ones. He also tells us that if snow is white, then her mistress is a type of brownish grey. In the last line of this quatrain we could see again how he isn’t describing her as a perfect person, he tells us that her hair is like black wires and that her hair does not seem as nice as silky smooth hair.
Shakespeare is giving metaphors and “odd use” as instead of comparing his mistress to something, he is comparing her to something she is not. This literary device makes the reader have a better image of her and to see how he still loves all her imperfections. “I have seen roses damask’s, red and white, But no such roses see I in her cheeks; And in some perfumes is there more delight Than in the breath that from my mistress reeks. ” In this second quatrain he tells us more about the imperfections of her love.
Here he starts using more realistic ideas. He tells us that he have experience the beautiful pink colour and the wonderful smell of damask roses, but on her mistress he didn’t see such roses on her, because her cheeks were pale and her smell was very unpleasant. “I love to hear her speak, yet well I know That music hath a far more pleasing sound: I grant I never saw a goddess go, – My mistress, when she walks, treads on the ground: In this third quatrain we can see a “Volta” which is a turning point on the sonnet.
We could see that after all of that criticism the author starts to get a little bit nicer. In the first line of this third quatrain we could see that he admits he love hearing her speak, it is like a compliment for her, but immediately he starts to back up a little and comes back to reality when he says “yet well I know” and in line 10 as we are used along the poem, we get the negative half of that thought: he thinks that music is “more pleasing” than the sound of her voice.
In line 11, the speaker uses alliteration (grant, goddess, go) and a hyperbole by comparing her mistress with a goddess, to tell us that he has never seen a goddess move. Throughout line 12, he gives the sonnet another strike of reality by telling as that her love doesn’t float along like a goddess, she just walks like a normal person on the ground. Again being very realistic and simple in the way of how she talks about her mistress And yet, by heaven, I think my love as rare As any she belied with false compare In this last couplet the author summaries his whole point. He shows us that he loves her exactly as those other poets who exaggerate and give false descriptions of their mistresses only to make them sound “perfect”, she describes her unperfected mistress but with reality, he thinks it doesn’t make sense to compare women to appearances which they can possible live up to, because nobody is perfect but they are still able to be loved.
The rhyme scheme is typical of a sonnet, it has an (abab, cdcd, efef, gg) 14 line rhyme structure , this type of rhyme helps us understand better the poem and enjoy it more, as it gives an more interesting and organize effect. Shakespeare uses hyperbole, metaphors and comparisons as literary devices to develop the point we want to give on this sonnet, as the same time this literacy devices create a more interesting effect, as it gives the reader the opportunity to be more open minded and have better images of what the speaker is talking about, and don’t have an abstract image of it.
In conclusion, we can see how Shakespeare doesn’t use false comparisons, he avoids the unrealistic adjectives which could be find in other sonnets of authors describing how perfect her mistress is, he instead prefers to give the reader a more honest description about the women he loves. He describes all her imperfections but he still loves her just the way she is.