E.Body Paragraphs

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The exploration work is evaluated not only by conceptual scientific value but also by the level of general educational preparation of scientific material, which, first of all, is reflected in its composition. The structure of the exploration work is the sequence of the location of its main parts, which include the main text (chapters and body paragraphs), as well as all parts of the reference and accompanying apparatus (tables, graphs, programs).  If you do not know how to write a paragraph – hurry to read our article.

Exploration Paper Structure

The exploration work of the student should contain the following elements:

  • Title page;
  • Table of contents;
  • List of symbols;
  • An abstract;
  • The main part presented by the heads;
  • Conclusion;
  • List of used literature;
  • Applications.

The front page is the first page of the work and is filled in conformity with strictly defined rules of the formatting style.

After the title page, a table of contents is placed in which all the headings of the exploration work are listed, and the pages from which they begin are indicated. Headings in the table of contents should accurately repeat the headings in the text. You cannot cut headlines or give them in another wording or sequence. The table of contents should be placed at the beginning of the work, as this makes it possible to see its structure.

If a specific terminology is adopted in the work, as well as low-prevalence abbreviations, new symbols, notations, their list can be presented in the form of a separate list placed before the introduction. The list usually has the form of a column in which an abbreviation is given on the left (in alphabetical order), on the right is its detailed decoding. If the special terms, abbreviations, symbols, notations, etc. are repeated less than three times, the list is not necessary; their decoding is given in the text at the first mention. Also, if you do not know the types of paragraphs, check out our article, we tried.

An introduction paragraph points out the urgency of the chosen topic, goals and objectives, the object and the subject of the exploration, the modes of exploration, the conceptual and practical value of the upshots obtained, and the possibilities for their use. After determining the goal, a working hypothesis is formulated. This scientific assumption, which is developed to explain any factors, features, characteristics, is the scientific basis of the result of the investigation.

Body Paragraphs

The main part begins with a review of literary sources on the issue under investigation and is defined as a conceptual section in which the student reveals the main stages of the amplification of scientific thought on the poser under consideration.

The aim of the conceptual section is to demonstrate the orientation in the exploration poser, to substantiate the hypothesis of the investigation and the choice of modes for its proof. Literary review begins with the presentation of ideas of those authors who have made a significant contribution to the amplification of the poser. Then it is advisable to analyze and compare different points of view of the authors. The literary review should not turn into a continuous paragraph quotes.

In the conceptual section, briefly but deeply enough, it is necessary to systematize the state of the poser at a given moment, to characterize the subject of exploration: to determine the main categories and concepts, to classify them, to evaluate the achievements of domestic and foreign science on the poser under investigation. Referring to scientific publications, it is necessary to briefly outline the discussion points of view on different issues and give them their own assessment with a clearly expressed position of the student.

At the end of the review, it is necessary to briefly characterize the state of the poser and indicate insufficiently studied, controversial issues. This will make it possible to determine the relevance of the investigation. It is advisable to finish the review with a brief summary of the need to conduct exploration in this area and determine the subject of your exploration.

Thus, the text of the analytical review must meet the following requirements:

  • Reliability and completeness of information;
  • The presence of an author’s assessment of the information used;
  • Logical structure;
  • Clarity of presentation;
  • Compositional integrity;
  • The reasoning of the conclusions.

In the first part of the practical section, the general concept and basic exploration modes are presented, the conceptual justification of the proposed modes and algorithms for solving posers, their essence, the scientific and conceptual justification for choosing the direction of exploration is given; the organization and content of the exploration are described. These include the characteristics of the subjects, specific modes, exploration procedures, criteria for evaluating the upshots of the investigation.

In the second part of the practical section, the data of the ascertaining (forming) experiment are given. The author’s own exploration is described with the identification of the new one that he introduced into the amplification of the poser. The author should give his own assessment of the achievement of the goal and completeness of the solution of the tasks, the evaluation of the reliability of the upshots obtained, their comparison with similar upshots of domestic and foreign authors, the rationale for the need for additional studies, negative upshots leading to the need to stop further studies on a particular issue. The order of the presentation of the material must be subordinated to the exploration goal formulated by the author. Logical construction and purposeful presentation of the main content is achieved only when each chapter has a specific goal and is the basis for the subsequent.

When writing a paper, the student must indicate the authors and sources from which he borrows the materials. Quotations are necessarily enclosed in quotation marks. A free exposition of quotes in paragraphs is allowed only with reference to the source of borrowing.

At the conclusion of each chapter, concise, descriptive conclusions should be cited, which makes it possible to clearly formulate the upshots of each stage of the investigation and to “free” the main upshots from minor details. The content of the transitioning paragraphs of the main part should fully correspond to the topic and fully disclose it. These chapters should show the investigator’s ability to summarize the material concisely, logically and reasonably.

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