DBQ Middle Ages
The Middle ages began after the autumn of the Roman Empire. It can be defined as a clip of minimum cultural and scientific accomplishments. enduring. feudal system. and power of the church. The labels for the Middle Ages that best depict the epoch between 500 and 1400 in Europe are the Dark Ages. the Age of Feudalism. and the Age of Faith.
The Middle Ages should be labeled the Dark Ages because of the old ages of enduring that was inflicted from invasions. Invaders. normally from the North. would come into towns and wholly lay waste to everything. These invasions made people live in fright and abandon their places in safety of safer topographic points. In papers one. “They sacked town and small town and set waste the fields…there is no longer any trade. merely unceasing terror…the people have gone to huddle in the deepnesss of the forest or unaccessible parts. ” Besides people’s places being destroyed from invasions. many people were killed and their properties and even loved 1s taken. In papers 3. “842. in this twelvemonth at that place was a great slaughter in London and Quentavic and Rochester…843 the Northmen. with their boats filled with loot. including both work forces and goods. return to their ain state. ” The Dark Ages has a negative intension to it. so this label justly matches the awful invasions that occurred go forthing households devastated.
The Middle Ages should besides be labeled the Age of Feudalism because of the absence of imperial authorization that was replaced by local political organisation known as the feudal system. The feudal system was based on trueness and duties between landlords in their lieges. In exchange for protection and land ( fiefs ) from the Lord. the vassle gave the Lord his trueness. military service. and redeem if needed. as shown in the feudal duties of papers 4. After the autumn of the Roman Empire. its districts in Europe had to protect themselves from outside encroachers.
To make this. these local lands gave land to those willing to direct knights in order to protect the land. In Document two John of Toul is a vassle to the count and countess of Champagne and takes the Homage Oath. “I. toilet of Toul…will send to the Count and Countess of Champagne the knights who is service I owed to them for this feoff which I hold. ” Without the trueness and service from the lieges to the landlord. the feudal system would crumple go forthing that territory defenseless against encroachers and rival lands.
Finally. the Middle Ages should be labeled the age of religion because of the solid organisation and power the Catholic Church demonstrated. The power of the church can simply be seen through its cathedrals as shown in papers 10. A batch of money. stuffs. and labour were required to construct the cathedral and merely a affluent and powerful organisation could construct them. The church even tried to restrict warfare between landlords by decreeing yearss of peace when no conflicts or onslaughts could happen. In papers 5. the Church believes in the word of God and called for the observation of the Truce of God. “on every Sunday. Friday. and Saturday. and on feast yearss no 1 may perpetrate slaying. incendiarism. robbery. or assault. ” Besides power. the Catholic Church had a batch of influence over people. Some people gave up the life they knew to follow God and fall in a cloistered order.
This is apparent in papers 8. an extract adapted from cloistered vows taken by a brother that had an ordinary life but gave it up for a life with God. “I renounce my ain will for the will of God…I accept all adversities of the cloistered life…I promise to stay a monastic in this monastery. ” The naming of Crusades by the church shows its influence it had over people even in times of war. Pope Urban II was the caput of the Catholic Church and he believed it was God’s will to name for a campaign to recapture the holy lands. In papers 9. “your brethren of the Middle East are in pressing demand of your help…the Turks and Arabs have attacked…they have occupied more and more of the lands of the Christians. ” Document 8 shows the church’s spiritual influence while papers 9 shows its political influence.
In decision the Dark Ages. the Age of Feudalism. and the Age of Faith are labels that best describes the Middle Ages. The Middle Ages were low on cultural and scientific accomplishments and lived off of the cognition from civilisations before them. Document 6. “it performs the map of the cognition and hoarded wealths of what had come earlier. ” Its end product of creativeness and originality did non in any manner surpass the convulsion from invasions. political organisation from feudal system. or the power of the church. to be known as a aureate age. Document 7. “medieval civilization was in perfect. was restricted to a narrow circle of superior heads. ” To better understand that the Middle Ages produced a low sum of cultural and scientific accomplishments I would necessitate an extra papers of a list of accomplishments produced during this epoch. I would be able to compare this to other accomplishments produced in civilisations during their Golden Age.