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Communications 101 exam #1 Essay

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Improve your public speaking appropriateness and effectiveness by:
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watching examples of excellent speeches on YouTube
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Which of the following is an example of mindless communication?
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you copy your speech from another speech you found on You Tube
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Which of the following is an example of commitment in public speaking?
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your professor tells you to be aware of your facial expressions during your next speech, so you practice in front of a mirror until you see improvement in your facial expressions
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Which of the following is an example of transactional communication?
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leading a class discussion
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A speaker who wishes to develop a strong relationship with his or her audience should:
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survey the class to find the most popular speech topic ideas
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Effectiveness in public speaking requires:
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achieving your goals
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An example of a remote audience is:
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viewers that see your speech on YouTube years later
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Which of the following describes what takes place when a speaker is ethical?
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after your speech, members of your audience meet at the local pub and decide to organize a peaceful protest at city hall for the following day
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Samuel thoroughly researches the atrocities committed every day against sea life. He decides to focus his speech on dolphins and cite the manmade dangers that dolphins face. He hopes that his classmates will get involved with a new campus organization to protect sea life. He delivers a well-constructed speech with lots of pictures of the atrocities committed against dolphins. The next day, the professor asks the class to discuss Samuel’s speech, but no one can remember his topic. Samuel’s speech was:
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appropriate but ineffective
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Pang is an exchange student attending the university for one semester. Last year she completed a speech class in her home country and she received high marks. She delivers the same speech, exactly the same way, but her professor is concerned and asks to meet with her. What does the professor most likely want to discuss with Pang?
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shared meaning or shared audience orientation
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Amanda presents her thoughts on instituting an updated recycling program on campus. She stands in front of the class and uses visual aids to convey her message. Her hope is that she will recruit members of the class to help her set up the new recycling program. This is an example of:
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public speaking
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Sharing meaning requires that you:
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tailor your speech to your audience’s ability to understand
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What does it mean to say that communication is transactional?
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communication includes a sender and a receiver
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“If they like you, they may listen to you; if they dislike you, they may not.” This statement best describes:
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the relationship between speaker and listener
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Which of the following is an example of speech being a dynamic process?
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speakers must learn to adapt to change
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Which of the following is an example of focusing on your audience?
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understanding the views of your audience before speaking
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Which of the following does not affect the context of any speaking situation?
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the title of your presentation
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During your speech, someone yells out, “Wrong! You are giving misinformation!” After the speech, the audience is surveyed and 20% of the audience members felt that the outburst was appropriate. This is an example of
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the relationship between speaking context and rules
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Every communication context is guided by
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the rules
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An example of a communication skill is:
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speaking fluently
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You are asked to speak at a community meeting. You have prepared a 5-minute speech that is effective and appropriate. During your presentation, you are surprised that community members stop and ask you questions in the middle of your speech. You were not aware of the __________ for this context.
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rules
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The professor reminds students to be honest, respectful, fair, and responsible, and to allow audience members a choice when speaking in public. The professor is describing public speaking:
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ethics
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Josh is planning his speech and he carefully considers the following questions: who, to whom, what, where, when, why, and how. Josh is focusing upon the ___________ his presentation.
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context of
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A popular political candidate has been accused of lying to the audience at a public speaking event. Nevertheless, the candidate has won the election. After s/he claims victory, it is proven beyond a doubt that the candidate did lie in that speech. Which of the following statements represents how this author feels about this situation?
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what works may not always be ethical
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appropriateness
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behavior that is perceived to be legitimate and fits the speaking context
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commitment
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a passion for excellence
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communication
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a transactional process of sharing meaning with others
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communication competence
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is engaging in communication with others that is perceived to be both effective and appropriate in a given context
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communication skill
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the successful performance of a communication behavior . . . [and] the ability to repeat such a behavior
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context
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the environment in which communication occurs: who (sender-receiver) communicates what (message) to whom (receiver-sender), why a message is presented (purpose), where (setting) it is presented, and when (timing) and how (channel) it is transmitted
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effectiveness
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the degree to which speakers have progressed toward the achievement of their goals
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ethics
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a system for judging the moral correctness of human behavior by weighing that behavior against an agreed upon set of standards of right and wrong
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mindful
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when you think about your communication and concentrate on changing what you do to become more effective
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mindless
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when you are not cognizant of your communication with others or simply do not care, so no improvement is likely
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public speaking
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an act of communication in which a clearly identified speaker presents a message in a more formal manner than mere conversation to an audience of multiple listeners on an occasion to achieve a specific purpose.
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rule
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a followable prescription that indicates what behavior is obligated, preferred, or prohibited in certain contexts
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sensitivity
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receptive accuracy whereby you can detect, decode, and comprehend signals in your social environment
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shared meaning
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when both the speaker and receivers have mutual understanding of a message
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transactional
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the speaker is both a sender and a receiver simultaneously, not merely a sender or a receiver
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communication orientation
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focuses on making your message clear and interesting to your listeners
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dysfunctional speech anxiety
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occurs when the intensity of the fight-or-flight response prevents an individual from giving a speech effectively
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fight-or-flight response
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The physiological defense-alarm process triggered by stress
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functional speech anxiety
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occurs when the fight-or-flight response is managed and stimulates an optimum presentation
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illusion of transparency
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the overestimation of the extent to which audience members detect a speaker’s nervousness
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performance
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an attempt to satisfy an audience of critics whose members are focused on evaluating your presentation
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speech anxiety
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fear of public speaking and the nervousness that accompanies that fear
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systematic desensitization
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a technique used to control anxiety, even phobias, triggered by a wide variety of stimuli
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uncertainty reduction theory
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as you gain experience speaking in front of groups, the novelty wears off, uncertainty is reduced, and anxiety consequently diminishes because you gain a reservoir of knowledge from giving speeches that helps you handle almost any situation that might occur
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visualization
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countering negative thoughts of catastrophe with positive images of success
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Which one of the following is an example of dysfunctional speaking anxiety?
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you are anxious about your speech because you didn’t practice enough, and when you get up to speak you freeze up and have to leave the room
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Which of the following is a strategy for managing speech anxiety?
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visualizing
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Public speaking anxiety can affect:
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anyone
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Which of the following describes what takes place when someone has functional speech anxiety?
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they feel anxiety when they are called to present, but their speech is amazing
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Which of the following is a statement of rational reappraisal?
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I’m past the tough part
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Wildly exaggerating your potential for failure, or catastrophic thinking, is:
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unrealistic
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Which of the following is the final step to systematic desensitization?
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giving the speech
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The fight-or-flight response causes:
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both physical and psychological symptoms
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You get up to deliver your speech in class and suddenly you feel an increase in your heart rate and perspiration. In your mind, you tell yourself, “Stop sweating!” but you continue to sweat profusely. This fails because ________.
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you cannot stop selective symptoms of the fight-or flight response
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You are very nervous about an upcoming speech. You decide to utilize the strategies for managing speech anxiety in your textbook. You work through all the strategies, but you still have anxiety when you are called up to speak. You should ___________.
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be confident that you can manage your anxiety
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Which of the following is a cause for dysfunctional anxiety?
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thinking like a perfectionist
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Which of the following describes reframing?
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changing the way that you think about giving a speech
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Which of the following is an example of using relaxation techniques?
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systematic desensitization
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An example of speech sabotage is ____________________________.
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trying hard not to offend
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Symptoms of the fight-or-flight response typically include:
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accelerated heart rate
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To combat the fight-or flight response, the body will:
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increase perspiration, respiration, glucose, and blood flow
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The first step to learning to maintain your anxiety at a functional level is to:
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understand the causes of dysfunctional anxiety
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Which of the following is an example of an anxiety-provoking situation in public speaking?
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novelty
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An example of reframing (or creating a noncompetitive communication orientation) is:
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not attempting to satisfy your critics
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One way to reframe your communication orientation would be to:
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make your message clear and interesting
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You are nervous about your upcoming speech. When the speech was assigned you felt a panic attack coming on. You are prepared, but before you get up to deliver your speech in class your heart starts racing and you are quivering. Although you practiced your posture, you are slumping as you deliver your speech. You are experiencing __________________.
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fight-or-flight response
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Your friend is anxious about public speaking. She has decided to make a list of 10 progressive steps in the speaking process that will increase her anxiety. She reads her list and practices saying “relax” to herself. She proceeds down her list until she has examined all 10 items. She is __________________.
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trying systematic desensitization
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Your professor asks students to share their worst case scenario for public speaking. The most interesting answers your classmates provide include having a heart attack and all your friends hating you. This exercise is meant to assist students in __________________.
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rational thinking
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You are a born leader. On the weekends, you organize get-togethers for your friends, and you are often the one entertaining large groups by telling stories of your outrageous adventures. When asked to deliver a demonstration speech in class you panic. But why? You are comfortable speaking in front of large groups and you do it all the time. This is an example of an anxiety-provoking situation caused by ___________.
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context
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ambushing
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looking for weaknesses in your arguments and preparing to pounce on perceived mistakes in your facts
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attitude
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a learned predisposition to respond favorably or unfavorably toward some attitude object
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belief
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what a person thinks is true or probable
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competence
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audience’s perception of the speaker’s knowledge and experience on a topic
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composure
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speakers who are emotionally stable and appear confident and in control of themselves
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credibility
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judgements made by a perceiver concerning the believability of a communicator
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demographics
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characteristics of an audience such as age, gender, culture, ethnicity, and group affiliations
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dynamism
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the enthusiasm, energy and forcefulness exhibited by a speaker
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ethnocentrism
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the belief that customs, practices, and behaviors of your own culture are superior to any other culture
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ethos
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good sense, good moral character, good will
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general purpose
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the overall goal of your speech
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identification
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the affiliation and connection between speaker and audience
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social cohesion
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what binds us together in mutual liking
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stylistic similarity
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to appear similar to others by looking and acting the part
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substantive similarity
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creates identification by establishing common ground between speaker and audience
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trustworthiness
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how truthful or honest we perceive a speaker to be
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value
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the most deeply felt, generally shared view of what is deemed good, right, or worthwhile thinking or behavior
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Which one of the following is an example of credibility?
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the speaker has a history of trustworthiness and competence
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Which one of the following is a type of audience?
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contrary
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A committed audience __________.
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is at your speech because they want to listen
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A casual audience will ______
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remain at a speech until they are bored
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An example of audience demographics is ______.
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culture
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One way to connect with your audience is to ____________.
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be likeable
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To build credibility, a speaker should _____________.
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be trustworthy
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If a topic is appropriate, it is ___________.
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suitable for the event
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In class, you give a well-researched speech on your favorite political candidate. After class a student comes up to you and asks you to speak at the next meeting their political group is having. You agree. Before you speak to the group, you might wish to find out _____________.
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the affiliation of the group
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You practiced your successful political speech with your mom. She loved it and wants you to come to her garden club to deliver your speech. You nicely decline because the topic ______________.
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is not suitable for the event
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Which of the following type of audience contains the disengaged listeners?
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captive audience
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Which of the following type of audience contains eager listeners?
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concerned audience
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Which of the following type of audience contains agreeable listeners?
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committed audience
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Freedom is an example of a __________.
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value
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If your speech topic is bed bugs, then your general purpose could be to inform your audience about
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bed bugs
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Everyone is assigned a speech topic. You receive: Did Shakespeare really write his plays? You are a biology major. The problem with this topic for you is __________.
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suitability for you
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Which of the following is an example of brainstorming?
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creating and listing additional topic possibilities
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You understand that it is important to connect with your audience. At your next speech in the gym at a pep rally you dress up in a suit, work to establish social cohesion, and say, “We all want our Bucks to win! Go Bucks!” Why might this not work to connect with your audience?
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you failed to demonstrate stylistic similarity
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A mom and daughter go shopping together for a prom dress. When they come home the girl shows her dad the dress, he demands that they return the dress because it is sleeveless. The dad has ______________ different from those of his wife and daughter.
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attitudes
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In your speech about global warming you tell the class you are the president of the campus eco-club and that the world will end in 2020 when the sun explodes. You deliver your message with confidence, control, enthusiasm, energy, and forcefulness. However, the professor says you fell short in one area. Which area?
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displaying trustworthiness
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On the day the speech is assigned you decide to do your speech on how terrible the cafeteria food used to be and how much better it is now since the university hired a new company. You have trouble finding information on your topic, and find that very few people on campus remember how the food was before the change. Nevertheless you give your speech. Unfortunately, it is a little short, as you just couldn’t find enough information. You failed to ______________.
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scan for topics
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You are very passionate about health eating. You share all of your knowledge about vitamins, calories, exercise, and food additives at your next speech. The problem with your speech was most likely ___________.
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subject manageability
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attention
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the act of focusing on a specific stimulus to the exclusion of competing stimuli
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intensity
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extreme degree of emotion, thought, or activity
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self-deprecation
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humor that makes gentle fun of your own failings and limitations
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Which one of these is a good way to gain your audience’s attention?
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unusual wording
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Which of the following is an example of intensity?
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extreme emotion
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Which of the following communicates that you do not take yourself too seriously?
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self-deprecating humor
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Which of the following statements best describes attention?
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focusing on specific stimuli
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Mindful listening requires __________.
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active listening
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The responsibility for an audiences’ attention resides:
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mostly on the speaker
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Choosing to pay attention to a speech topic that does not interest you is an example of __________________.
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mindful listening
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Which one of the following is an example of inappropriate use of a startling appeal?
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I am a political activist and I believe violence is the only way to motivate change
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A student begins his/her speech by saying, “My topic today is insect classification. I am going to talk to you about my favorite insects and how to classify them.” The problem with this introduction is that it fails to __________.
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display novelty
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Your speech topic is texting while driving. You tell your class about your friend who was texting while driving and died in a car accident. You show the class pictures of you and your friend playing football and at graduation. The technique used to gain and hold the audience’s attention is best described as _____________________.
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a story
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Which type of humor makes fun of your own limitations?
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self-deprecating
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One thing to remember about humor is that it ___________.
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should be appropriate
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To begin your speech you tell your audience, “Schizophrenia used to be treated by kidney dialysis.” This is best described as __________.
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a startling fact
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A student decides to present on the topic of abortion. She wonders if she should begin her speech by showing the class a slide show of the procedure. Her ultimate decision will require a judgement on whether
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the intensity of abortion is appropriate for the classroom
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You start your speech with a quote from Andy Warhol: “Human beings are born solitary, but everywhere they are in chains-daisy chains-of interactivity. Social actions are makeshift forms, often courageous, sometimes ridiculous, always strange. And in a way, every social action is a negotiation, a compromise between ‘his,’ ‘her’ or ‘their’ wish and yours.” This is an example of ___________.
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unusual phrasing
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Stories can encourage audience attention if they are ____________.
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unusual
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Listeners can attend to _______________ at one time.
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only one stimuli
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An integral part of your speech should be ____________.
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capturing and holding the audience’s attention
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You never leave the house without your smart phone. You bring it to work, to school, everywhere. It is difficult to resist checking your social media during a classmate’s speech on why it is important to vote, but, hey, you already know it is important to vote. You just voted in the last election and you follow politics on your newsfeed. During your classmate’s speech you decide to take a quick glance at your phone to fact check a statement the speaker made. Your professor sees you check your phone and throws you a dirty look. Your professor ____________.
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knows you are not mindfully listening to the speaker
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A classmate’s speech on organic farming is very interesting. You are sitting up straight in your chair, focusing on the speaker, and taking notes. The person next to you is checking his/her social media, but you force yourself to remain focused on the speaker. You are ______________.
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mindfully listening
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You fear your audience lacks interest in their classmates’ speeches. You want to mix things up a bit. You have spent hours researching and preparing your topic, and you have information your classmates need on college scholarships. You decide to mix things up a bit and begin your speech by throwing a wadded up piece of paper at your friend checking his social media, then you begin speaking, “Scholarships. Did you know that thousands of dollars of college scholarship money goes unused every year?” You have ____________.
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demonstrated inappropriate use
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Your classmate is giving a speech on how to change a diaper. You don’t want to have children and will never change a diaper in your life. You try to pay attention, but your mind keeps wandering to how you will pay your cell phone bill this month. You think, “Should I ask dad, mom, or grandma for the money?” Your classmate has failed to make his/her topic ___________ you.
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meaningful to
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In a speech on sign language you begin by signing the following, “Good afternoon, classmates. Does anyone here understand what I am communicating to you?” To get your classmates attention, you have used which technique?
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movement and change
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rhetorical question
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question asked by a speaker that the audience answers mentally, but not out loud
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direct question
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questions that seek overt responses
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anecdote
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short, entertaining, real-life story
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general purpose
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identifies the overall goal of your speech: to inform, describe, explain, demonstrate, persuade, celebrate, memorialize, entertain, or eulogize
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specific purpose statement
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a concise, precise infinitive phrase composed of simple, clear language that encompasses both the general purpose and indicates what the speaker hopes to accomplish with the speech
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theme
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central idea, focuses on the main concept, issue, point, or conclusion that you want the audience to understand, believe, feel, or do
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preview
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presents the coming attractions of your speech
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Which of the following is an example of an effective way to gain the attention of your listeners at the start of your speech?
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asking a question
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Which of the following is an effective technique for a conclusion?
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summarizing the main points
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Which of the following is an example of an anecdote?
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a short story
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Which of the following describes a specific purpose statement?
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a concise infinitive phrase
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Your purpose statement should be ________.
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a declarative statement
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A purpose statement must be
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practical
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Which of the following is an example of a general purpose?
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to inform
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Which of the following is an example of a narrowed topic?
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the uses of lavender
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You decide to deliver your speech on global warming. Your purpose statement is well written, and you even used a thesaurus to find more impressive and descriptive words to describe the Galapagos Islands so that students will create a visual in their heads. The problem is that a purpose statement should be ___________.
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free of colorful language
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You deliver a fantastic speech but you realize you went over time by 30 seconds. You apologize to your professor and to your class and then the class applauds, signaling the end of your speech. You return to your seat. When you receive your professor’s comments, they might say ________________.
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do not apologize or end abruptly
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What is not an effective way to begin any speech?
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a difficult mathematical formula
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A central idea is _____________.
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your theme or main concept
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Using a relevant story is an example of how to ____________ at the start of your speech.
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gain interest
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An example of a good specific purpose statement is _______________.
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to explain why preschool is important in the development of young children
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Listeners should believe you because ____________.
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you have established credibility
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A good preview at the end of your introduction would include _____________.
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a summary of your main points
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Which of a following is achieved in a competent conclusion?
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the main points are restated
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Which of the following is an example of establishing credibility?
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you choose to speak on baseball because you are on the baseball team
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Which of the following statements would help you establish topic significance?
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if you don’t have enough time to study, I may have the solution
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If you are introduced to an audience, you may need to
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respond briefly with prepared remarks before launching into your prepared speech
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Which of the following is the best general purpose?
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to explain why the Great Lakes are in danger
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In your introduction you provide a quotation from Abraham Lincoln. At the end of your speech you use the same quotation. This is an example of ___________.
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bookending the speech
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In your speech on civil rights you discuss the achievements of the Civil Rights Act. In your introduction you gain audience attention with a quotation, make a clear purpose statement, establish the significance of your topic, establish your credibility, and preview your main points. You should _____________.
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feel confident because you used all the principal objectives for a competent introduction
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You give an informative speech on “How to change a tire.” You provide the class with a wonderful PowerPoint presentation, that illustrates each necessary step. At the end of your speech you say, “Now you can all go change a tire!” Your last comment is a problem because
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you lack a solid summary, and just because you have demonstrated the steps in changing a tire, your audience may not be able to accomplish this objective
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In your speech on the food at the school cafeteria you ask your listeners to support you in your petition to have a better quality salad bar. By choosing this topic, you have shown that you understand how to ____________.
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choose a relevant topic
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coherence
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requires that main points flow directly from the purpose statement
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internal preview
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like a preview in your introduction, except it appears in the body of your speech
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internal summary
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the reverse of an internal preview, Instead of indicating what is about to be addressed, it reminds listeners of the points already made
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signpost
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an organizational marker that indicates the structure of a speech and notifies listeners that a particular point is about to be addressed
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transition
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uses words or phrases to connect what was said with what will be said
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Which of the following is the definition of a transition?
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words or phrases that connect what was said with what will be said
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Which of the following describes Monroe’s Motivated Sequence?
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a five-step organizational pattern
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A spatial pattern helps listeners ________________.
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visualize
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Which of the following is part of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence?
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call to action
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Which of the following is meant to aid listeners by telling them what is to come?
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signpost
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Which of the following is meant to help the audience decide who or what is better?
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comparative advantages pattern
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When you hear a phrase like, “Imagine a world where there is no clean water . . .” this should alert that you are in which step of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence?
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visualization
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A presentation outline differs from a preparation outline because:
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it triggers thoughts and ideas
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You are passionate about ending world hunger. You organize a group on campus, but realize you need a larger membership to make a real difference. Luckily, you have a speech coming up in your speech class giving you the perfect opportunity to recruit more members to your group. The best pattern of organization to use in this case is _________.
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Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
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The scenario is the same as in question 19, but instead you decide that your speech should focus on who or what is responsible for world hunger. The best organization pattern is now _____________. (19) You are passionate about ending world hunger. You organize a group on campus, but realize you need a larger membership to make a real difference. Luckily, you have a speech coming up in your speech class giving you the perfect opportunity to recruit more members to your group. The best pattern of organization to use in this case is _________.
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causal
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If you think most people are familiar with a term and have a general idea of what it means, it is still a good idea to ________ key terms.
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provide definitions of
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An example of a signpost is _______________.
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the key points are
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The comparative advantages pattern should be used when:
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comparing two things and one is significantly better
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A characteristic of a presentation outline is:
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highlighting key words and phrases
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The organizational pattern that includes attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, and action is _____________.
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Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
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If your outline looks like this: PURPOSE STATEMENT: To show that dinosaurs impacted the earth. The effects of dinosaur impact. II. The causes of dinosaur impact. You have used the ____________organizational pattern.
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causal
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Monroe’s Motivated Sequence is essentially a _______________ pattern of organization with an added step.
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problem-solution
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Outlining uses ______________.
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a specific set of symbols
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For consistency and clarity, a topic should first be constructed into ___________.
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a purpose statement
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The body of your speech should contain your main points and ___________.
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transitions
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You decide to deliver a speech about Michael Jordan. You will divide the body of your speech into three main points: his youth, his college years, and his professional career. This type of organizational pattern is ______________.
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chronological
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“Now that we have discussed the causes of tornados, let’s talk about the devastating effects of tornadoes.” The underlined portion of the sentence is _______________.
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an internal preview
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When delivering your speech on the importance of blood donation, you want to make it clear that blood donation saves lives. You decide to share a very personal story about your grandmother to highlight that point. Which organizational pattern should you use?
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narrative
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The preparation outline is composed of full sentences, while the presentation outline is composed of ________________.
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simple words and phrases that trigger complete thoughts and ideas
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articulation
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speaking words clearly and distinctly
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extemporaneous speech
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is delivered from a prepared outline or notes
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impromptu speech
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is a speech delivered without preparation, or so it seems. You are asked to respond to a previous speaker without warning, or to say a few words on a subject without advance notice
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inflection
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vocal variety
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pitch
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the range of your voice from high to low sounds
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pronunciation
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saying words correctly as indicated in any dictionary based on Standard English rules
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vocal fillers
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the insertion of um, uh, like, you know, know what I mean, whatever, and other variants that substitute for pauses and often draw attention to themselves
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volume
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your voice from loud to soft
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Vocal variety is another word for _____________
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inflection
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If you realize that you have a quirky way of gesturing when you give a speech you should try _________________.
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relaxing
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If you need to be precise in your speech because exact wording is important for legal reasons, you should ________________.
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deliver your speech from a manuscript
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While at an anniversary dinner for your significant other’s parents, your significant other asks you to make a toast to the happy couple. This is an example of ________________.
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impromptu speaking
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If you knew in advance that you would give a toast at the anniversary party, the best way to prepare would be to ______________
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outline your toast and deliver it from the outline
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Eye contact, vocal variety, and fluency are all part of ____________________.
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developing competent delivery
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You have been assigned an informative speech to present to the class. You write your speech out in full and deliver it without errors or omissions. You turn in a copy of your speech to your professor, and you are shocked to see that you did not do well on your speech. What most likely happened?
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you did not deliver your speech extemporaneously
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You are told that your presentations sound monotonous or flat and that you don’t seem enthusiastic enough about your topic. You should practice _______________.
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inflection
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If you rely upon a script when public speaking it is easy to _________________.
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sound over-scripted
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One of the steps to successful impromptu speaking is _________________.
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to anticipate impromptu speaking
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One problem with manuscript speaking is ____________________.
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it is hard to sound natural
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A positive result of lowering your voice is that it can cause your listeners to ______________.
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listen more intently
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An example of a filler is ____________________.
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“You know, . . .”
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How fast should you speak to an audience?
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180-210 wpm
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To look natural on stage you should ___________________.
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focus on your message
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The fluency of your speech will suffer if you __________________.
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use excessive fillers
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Extemporaneous speaking means _____________________.
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you use an outline to speak
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The primary drawback to extemporaneous speaking is _____________________.
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it takes practice
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You are asked to speak at graduation to introduce the teacher of the year. While at the podium you read from a manuscript about the importance of selecting the right college. One thing you did incorrectly was _____________________.
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you failed to match the context
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Your professor and classmates alert you to the fact that you use vocal fillers to the point of distraction. You have no idea what they are talking about. The best thing to do is _____________________.
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watch a videotape of yourself public speaking
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Holding a pen while you are speaking on climate change could cause your audience to ___________________.
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be distracted
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Your speech is outlined and you have practiced. You realize that you shift your weight from side to side when speaking. You focus on avoiding the shifting and you are successful. You have learned to ____________________.
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avoid interference
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graph
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a visual representation of statistics in an easily understood format
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Picture Superiority Effect
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when brief text is combined with relevant images audience members are more likely to remember information
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table
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an orderly depiction of statistics, words, or symbols in columns or rows
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Which of the following is true of visual aids?
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they help clarify something that may be difficult to understand
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If you decide to use handouts with more information about how to assist locally after your speech about human trafficking, they should be __________.
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made available to those who are interested after your speech
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Which of the following depicts a portion or percentage of a whole?
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pie graph
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Which of the following is an orderly description of statistics in columns or rows?
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table
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An effective visual aid can help your speech to be __________.
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memorable
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When choosing an object to bring to class for a visual aid, be sure _________.
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to exercise reasonable judgment
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When objects related to your speech are too small, a ________ would serve as the most effective substitute.
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model
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When ______ is central to your speech, you must use a map.
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geography
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When explaining the escape of John Wilkes Booth from Ford’s Theater after he shot President Lincoln, the visual aid would likely be a(n) _____________.
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drawing
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When discussing the creativity of the planning for Central Park in New York, you may want to use a(n) _________________ as your visual aid.
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model, photograph, or drawing
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When using PowerPoints, you should _________.
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narrate your slides
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A graph is a visual representation of ____________.
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statistics
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When time and resources do not permit the use of sophisticated media, a ___________ is acceptable.
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chalkboard or whiteboard
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If you are using a poster board for your visual aid, be sure ____________.
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to make it look professional
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You should ________ YouTube clips in your PowerPoint presentation.
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imbed
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PowerPoint is _____________.
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an effective visual aid medium
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Effective visual aids are ___________.
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neat, attractive and accurate
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Visual aids should __________ your credibility.
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enhance
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If your visual aid makes your speech more memorable, it has been a(n) __________ visual aid.
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effective
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When you are not using your visual aid, you should __________.
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keep it out of sight
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Your speech topic is the Oklahoma City bombings. In order to show your audience the damage that was done, the best choice for a visual aid is a ________.
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photograph
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In your speech you are attempting to show how the annual income of doctors has changed over time. The best choice for a visual aid is a ______________.
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graph
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In your speech about children in Syria, it would be important to show your audience a ____________.
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map
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To visually illustrate the percentage of doctors who are women versus the percentage of doctors who are men, you should choose a ___________.
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pie graph
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report
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a brief, concise, informative presentation that fulfills a class assignment, updates a committee about work performed by a subcommittee, reveals the results of a study, provides recent findings, or identifies the latest developments in a current situation of interest
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demonstration
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an informative speech that shows the audience how to use an object or perform a specific activity
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A persuasive speech seeks to __________.
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change your listeners’ minds
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A good informative topic might be ____________.
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a comparison of two sides of a current political issue
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In your speech you decide to inform your classmates of the facts surrounding a recent court case. This is an example of which type of informative speech?
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report
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In your speech you decide to tell the story of your grandfather’s immigration to the United States. This is an example of which type of informative speech?
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narrative
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In an informative speech the speaker needs to find the right balance between ______________.
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too little and too much information
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The big difference between an informative and a persuasive speech is _________.
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the general purpose
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The more _________ your speech is, the more informative it is.
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neutral
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If your informative speech tells the class the results of a recent study, then it is a _________.
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report
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You decide to create an informative speech around the story of a retirement age woman choosing to retire in the Andes Mountains. You choose a narrative style speech. What issue should you consider?
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your classmates are aged 18-22 and are not very interested in retirement
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You decide to demonstrate how to analyze DNA to isolate specific genetic information. You have lots of words students may not be familiar with, so you make a handout of definitions. However, the problem is __________.
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this information is likely too complex for an informative speech
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An informative speech seeks to ___________.
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explain a confusing topic
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An example of informative speech is __________.
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showing the audience how to make cupcakes
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A good question to ask when preparing an informative speech is: _________?
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do they really need to know this
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To find out what your audience already knows about a topic, you should _________.
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ask them
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A speech that compares ____________.
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is informative and asks students to balance pros and cons
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Your speech will inform your audience how to apply to graduate schools. You plan to take them step-by-step through an application. Which type of informative speech is this?
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demonstration
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You would like to assist your audience in having a deeper understanding of how voting districts affect elections. This is an example of which type of informative speech?
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explanation
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Another student in the class decides to look at two voting districts and how these two districts affect local elections differently. This is an example of which type of informative speech?
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comparison
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If you are advancing your audience’s deeper understanding, you are delivering which type of informative speech?
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explanation
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The first guideline for an informative speech is to present _________ information to your audience.
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new
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You choose to tell a story to inform your audience about the challenges of urban life. It will be important to remember to keep your story ______________.
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concise
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When giving an informative speech about a person, you decide to tell a story. You spent a lot of time writing the story, and you want to get it just right. When it is your turn to present your speech, you forget part of your story. Luckily, you have the written story with you, so you read a few sentences to finish the story, and then move on to a visual aid. What did you do wrong?
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you should not read your story
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Your speech informs your audience about the benefits of a liberal arts education. One of your listeners tells his brother he should attend a liberal arts college. The younger brother follows the advice of his older brother. What happened?
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your speech was neutral, but it stimulated thought in a listener who then used the information persuasively
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For your informative speech, you explain in excellent detail how to fly a kite. The problem with this speech is ________________.
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that you didn’t actually fly a kite for your audience