Citizenship, Civil Society And Civilization Essay Example
Citizenship, Civil Society And Civilization Essay Example

Citizenship, Civil Society And Civilization Essay Example

Available Only on StudyHippo
  • Pages: 3 (659 words)
  • Published: November 1, 2017
  • Type: Research Paper
View Entire Sample
Text preview

According to Weber, citizenship emerged from Medieval European cities due to the political requirements of merchants, professionals, and skilled workers who sought to govern society.

294) The batch of globalisation and interconnection has led to a similarity in the construction and design of buildings in the city. In the past, this was not entirely possible due to the influence of religion and culture. Religion largely determined how things were done, such as the construction of high buildings in China being discouraged due to the belief that Gods work on Earth without hierarchical order. On the other hand, Christian temples built in the country symbolised the Chinese belief system. The lack of citizenship or identity indicates that the governing system does not allow for it; there were no citizens, only subjects.

The Changan dynasty (ibid 297) serves as a prime example of the


development of a modern metropolis, with regulations on public behavior already in place. This is evidenced by the presence of establishments that parallel those we have today. Similarly, Kaifeng is renowned for its trade and commerce capabilities. The growth of cities like Kaifeng is influenced by interactions with other global participants, as demonstrated by its transition from an unwalled city to one with a wall due to increasing population. Thus, it can be concluded that external influences on population play a significant role in shaping a city's path towards modernization and civilization.

The educational sector emphasizes the importance of civilization and a strong educational authority for success in the political system. Hangzhou and Kaifeng support this idea by showing that the economic system plays a role in allowing various actors to participate politically. The urbanization of

View entire sample
Join StudyHippo to see entire essay

these cities changed people's lifestyles, and population migration increased opportunities for development. This is evident from the fact that Hangzhou became the largest city on Earth by the end of the Song Dynasty (Ibid).

302 ) The central importance of the development of Hangzhou is its economic system, while the political system differs from that of Ancient Athens in that it does not operate under a democratic rule but rather under a combination of religious and hereditary beliefs. Unlike in China, where cities like Hangzhou are progressive, Muslim cities have a theocratic political system with the Grand Turk in control. This separation between the ruled and ruler has hindered the development of cities or provinces in the Arab world.

The public's limited access to a variety of topics hampered the level of freedom in this context. In contrast, the Athenians demonstrated an exceptional dedication to democratic values, which was a distinctive characteristic emphasized in this paper. The absence of local governance in Islamic cities impeded the advancement toward civilization. Nevertheless, the resurgence of cities in the Western world was aided by a shift in social class dynamics, resulting in heightened freedom of association and other democratic ideals.

The development of the modern city can be traced from its small town stage to the urban stage, which was considered the pinnacle of civilization (Ibid. 310-316). In Pavias, an Italian city, both citizens and non-citizens enjoyed equal rights, emphasizing the importance of political representation in maintaining civil order. This concept is similar to Athens, where increased representation resulted in greater involvement by civil society. The progress of civilization was also influenced by the emergence of artists and professionals who

hailed from Florence and Siena.

The emergence of institutions and democracy ultimately marked the stages of civilization with liberalism. Neo-liberalism has played a significant role in the progress towards civilization and Liberalism on Earth.


This paper has identified the reasons for the urban civilization or the development of cities in the contemporary world. These reasons include religious systems, governance structures, interconnectedness between empires, trade, and commerce, among others. Notably, the advancement of some continents at the expense of others is attributed to religion and governance. The Muslim states' case is particularly important here. However, further academic contributions to this thesis are prevalent in academia.


Get an explanation on any task
Get unstuck with the help of our AI assistant in seconds