American History CHP 24 Flashcards

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Which of the following steps did Herbert Hoover not take to revive the economy after the stock-market crash? He advised municipal and state governments to create jobs through public-works projects. He set up the Emergency Committee for Employment to coordinate the efforts of voluntary relief agencies. He persuaded Congress to pass the National Industrial Recovery Act, which embodied ideas of industrial self-regulation and business-government cooperation. He persuaded Congress to establish the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to make loans to banks and other lending institutions. He urged business leaders to maintain wages and employment.
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He persuaded Congress to pass the National Industrial Recovery Act, which embodied ideas of industrial self-regulation and business-government cooperation.
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What environmental disaster struck the nation during the Depression? Locust Infestation Dust Bowl Lower than normal temperatures on the Great Plains Potato famine Global warming
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Dust Bowl
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Huey Long proposed a 100% tax on all incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes over $5 million. cutting taxes and federal spending to stimulate the economy. nationalizing banks and industry. a national sales tax that would raise revenue to pay down the deficit. stimulating the economy by having the government an interstate highway system.
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a 100% tax on all incomes over $1 million and appropriation of all fortunes over $5 million.
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Which statement best describes Franklin Roosevelt’s position concerning the Depression in the 1932 presidential campaign? He clearly outlined specific programs that would end the depression. He called for the United States to abandon the gold standard. He promoted a policy of massive spending by the federal government. He promised to end the depression but offered only vague plans describing how he was going to do it. He claimed the depression was just an economic cycle and would eventually correct itself.
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He promised to end the depression but offered only vague plans describing how he was going to do it.
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The Civilian Conservation Corps put five million young men and women to work in camps across the country. was a conservative political youth club. employed jobless young men in rural projects such as reforestation, park maintenance, and erosion control. brought together business leaders to draft codes of fair competition. was the precursor to the National Guard.
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employed jobless young men in rural projects such as reforestation, park maintenance, and erosion control.
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Which of the following agencies was created during the Hoover administration to help failing financial institutions and continued to be active through the New Deal years? Federal Emergency Relief Administration Tennessee Valley Authority Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation National Recovery Administration Reconstruction Finance Corporation
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Reconstruction Finance Corporation
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Which of the following examples of New Deal legislation is correctly paired with what its purpose? National Youth Administration: Launched a federal-state program of workers’ pensions, unemployment insurance, and other welfare benefits. Fair Labor Standards Act: Banned child labor and set a national minimum wage. Federal Securities Exchange Act: Raised taxes on corporations and the wealthy. National Housing Act: Halted sale of tribal lands and enabled tribes to regain unallocated lands. Public Utilities Holding Company Act: Guaranteed unions’ collective-bargaining rights and outlawed anti-union practices.
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Fair Labor Standards Act: Banned child labor and set a national minimum wage.
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Which New Deal legislation banned child labor, established a minimum wage, and set maximum hours for the work week? Fair Labor Standards Act National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) Hatch Act National Industrial Recovery Act Social Security Act
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Fair Labor Standards Act
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Which of the following is an accurate statement about unemployment during the New Deal? It never fell below 75 percent. As late as 1939 more than 17 percent of the labor force remained jobless. New Deal social and economic programs virtually eliminated unemployment for the first time in American history. The jobless rate crept steadily upward from 1932 until 1945. It never exceeded 7.5% even though politicians exaggerated the crisis for their own benefit.
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As late as 1939 more than 17 percent of the labor force remained jobless.
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Which of the following companies bitterly resisted unionization in the 1930s? General Motors U.S. Steel Ford Motor Company Pennsylvania Railroad Exxon
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Ford Motor Company
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Who were the 1932 “bonus marchers”? World War I veterans who marched on Washington to lobby for immediate cash payments of their veterans’ bonuses. Farmers who threatened to dump milk and other agricultural products if they did not receive a government bonus for not producing farm surpluses. Trade unionists who marched on Washington when industrialists refused to pay the bonuses stipulated in union contracts. Federal government workers who objected to losing their Christmas bonus because of the depression. Young people who marched in the Civilian Conservation Corps.
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World War I veterans who marched on Washington to lobby for immediate cash payments of their veterans’ bonuses.
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What did Eleanor Roosevelt see as her primary role as First Lady? She wanted to serve as an observer for her husband and promote social reform. She wanted to be a gracious hostess for the many dignitaries who visited the White House. She wanted to personally draft legislation and forge foreign policy. She wanted to promote an appreciation of the arts. She wanted to support her husband and be a light presence at social functions.
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She wanted to serve as an observer for her husband and promote social reform.
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Which piece of New Deal legislation established the principle of federal responsibility for social welfare and created the basic framework for the welfare system? Wagner Act Revenue Act of 1935 Social Security Act Hatch Act Federal Securities Act
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Social Security Act
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What did John Steinbeck describe in The Grapes of Wrath? He described the horrors of working in the California vineyards. He described the challenges of industrial labor in the 1930s. He described the rise of the middle class despite the opposition of large corporations. He described the collapse of a capitalist society. He described the desperate struggles of an uprooted dust-bowl family.
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He described the desperate struggles of an uprooted dust-bowl family.
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Which of the following statements is not true about the New Deal? The New Deal brought about full economic recovery, and by 1939 unemployment was no longer a serious problem. The New Deal vastly increased the power and prestige of the presidency. The New Deal assumed a fundamental governmental responsibility to promote economic prosperity and the well-being of all citizens. As the New Deal evolved, it acted as a broker for all organized interest groups?including agriculture and labor, not just business. In the course of the New Deal, a fundamental political realignment took place.
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The New Deal brought about full economic recovery, and by 1939 unemployment was no longer a serious problem.
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Benny Goodman was noteworthy because he created an integrated jazz orchestra that performed at Carnegie Hall. developed be-bob and released the first million-seller record. won a Pulitzer Prize for A Farewell to Arms. was the lead engineer for building the Hoover Dam. served as Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s vice president for his first three terms.
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created an integrated jazz orchestra that performed at Carnegie Hall.
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What type of entertainment did the Frank Capra films Mr. Deeds Goes to Town and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington provide? They were comedies that lampooned New Deal policies. They were patriotic and idealistic portrayals of the triumph of “the people” over entrenched interests. They were realistic docudramas about social problems. They were gangster movies showing gritty images of urban America. They were zany musicals that offered viewers a chance to forget the depression.
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They were patriotic and idealistic portrayals of the triumph of “the people” over entrenched interests.
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Which writer captured the political idealism of the Spanish Civil War in a novel? John Steinbeck William Faulkner James T. Farrell Thornton Wilder Ernest Hemingway
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Ernest Hemingway
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What was the radio adaptation of War of the Worlds about? World War I Spanish Civil War Class warfare An alien landing A war between Christian Europe and the Islamic Middle East
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An alien landing
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Which group faced appalling labor conditions in California’s agricultural regions? Native Americans African-Americans Asian-Americans Mexican-Americans German Americans
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Mexican-Americans

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