Chapter 9 – Emergency Procedures and First Aid – Test Questions

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The first priority when it comes to wound care is?
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To minimize infection or the risk of infection
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The most appropriate action when responding to an emergency situation is?
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To act quickly and assess the nature of the situation
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This can happen from a bee sting, a type of shock?
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Anaphylaxis Shock
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CPR and defibulation can boost survival signifcantly if done within a certain time frame?
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3-5 minutes
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Type of poisoning associated with drug abuse?
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Injection
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Combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing is called?
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CPR = Cardio Pulmonary Resucitation
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Skin that is off color, waxy and numb is symptoms of?
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Frostbite
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Requires that all individuals providing assistance within the scope of their knowledge and training?
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Good Samaritan Law
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Affects only the top layer of the skin?
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First-degree burn
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A fracture in which the bone protrudes through the skin is called?
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Compound Fracture
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To control a nosebleed, it is important to?
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Tilt the patient’s head forward
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Another name for a heart attack?
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Myocardial Infarction
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Sudden faint due to hypotension induced by response of the autonomic nervous system to abrupt emotional stress, pain or trauma is called?
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Vasovagal Syncope
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Affects the top layers of the skin, if very painful and the skin is red and blisters, this is a?
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Second-degree burn
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Affecting or destroying all layers or tissue. It is not unusual for fat, muscles, bones and nerves to be involved.
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Third-degree burn
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In an emergency, what is most important concerning the patient?
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Whether the patient is breathing
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The abbreviation ABC stands for?
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Airway, Breathing, Circulation
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True or False: Whenever a person has a penetrating object embedded in his or her body, it is important that you remove it as soon as possible so you can treat the wound?
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False
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A break in a bone. there are several types, but all are classified as open or closed?
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Fracture
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A tray or portable cart that contains medications and supplies needed for emergency and first aid procedures?
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Crash Cart
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An injury to the soft tissue between joints that involves the tearing of muscles or tendons and occurs often in the neck, back or thigh muscles?
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Strain
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Closure of a passage
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Occlusion
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Closed wounds that are painful and swollen require a cold compress be applied?
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20 minutes on then off for 20 minutes
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The type of burn that may occur resulting in an entrance and exit burn wound area is?
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Electrical
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In burn depth classifications, third-degree burns are also called?
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Full Thickness
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The type of fracture often caused by falling on an outstretched hand that involves the distal end of the radius is called?
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Colles
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A condition in which the circulatory system is not providing enough blood to all parts of the body, causing the body’s organs to fail to function properly is called?
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Shock
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8 types of shock?
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Respiratory, Neurological, Cardiogenic, Hemorrhagic, Anaphylactic, Metabolic, Psychogenic, Septic
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Involve tearing of ligaments. Signs and symptoms involve rapid swelling, discoloration and limited function
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Sprain
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Poison can enter the body four ways?
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Ingestion, Inhalation, Absorption and Injection
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When a patient calls regarding a poisoning or suspicion of poisoning, the advice to give is to?
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Call the poison control center. Treatment depends on the type of poisoning.
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A stroke is also called?
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CVA – Cerebrovascular Accident
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A heart attack is also called?
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Myocardial Infarction (MI)
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In CPR, you perform how many chest compressions at a time?
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30
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How many rescue breaths per cycle is given in CPR
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2

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