Chapter 7 Specialized Journals and Subsidiary Ledgers

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As a business grows and its number of guests and suppliers increase, the business operates more efficiently if it sets up _______ accounts in its general ledger for accounts receivable and accounts payable.
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control
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Definition: This type of account records all transactions affecting guest accounts to a single account in the general ledger.
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Control Account
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Definition: This type of ledger can be a ______ ledger of accounts receivable or accounts payable control accounts, and it records transactions for each individual guest.
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Subsidiary Ledger
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The balance of the Accounts Receivable control account in the general ledger must equal the sum of the balances of individual guest accounts in the accounts receivable subsidiary ledger. Likewise for Accounts Payable control account and accounts receivable subsidiary ledger. Explain why this is necessary.
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They must equal each other because technically the subsidiary ledger accounts provide the detail for the control account.
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True or False: Any time a transaction affects a control account, it also affects an account in the subsidiary ledger.
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True
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In the lodging segment of the hospitality industry, Accounts Receivable – Trade consists of accounts receivable for guests and non-guests, kept in two separate ledgers. What are the two subsidiary ledger related here?
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Guest ledger and city ledger
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The ______ ledger consists of accounts for guests currently staying in the lodging facility.
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guest
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The ______ ledger consists of accounts for non-current guests and local businesses.
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city
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Advantages of using specialized journals include what two things?
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Increased efficiency and improvements in internal control
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What are the two increased efficiencies that specialized journals result in?
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1) Time saved in recording transactions because no explanation is required 2) Time saved in posting to the ledger accounts because only balances are posted rather than individual transactions
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What are the two safeguards that improve internal control as a result of using specialized journals?
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1) The division of duties prevents one employee from handling transactions beginning to end 2) There is less potential for errors since there are less transactions in the general ledger
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What are the 5 most common specialized journals?
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1) Sales journal 2) Cash receipts journal 3) Purchases journal 4) Cash disbursements journal 5) Payroll journal
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What does the sales journal record?
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The charge of sales aka sales on account
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What does the cash receipts journal record?
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All cash transactions from customers
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What does the purchases journal record?
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Purchases on account (purchases your company made for resale is an example)
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What does the cash disbursement journal record?
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All transactions involving the payment of cash to other people (checks) except for payroll
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What does the payroll journal record?
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Employee paychecks
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Where are the transactions that do not fit in a specialized journal recorded? What is an example?
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In the general journal. An example is stock.
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After amounts from the specialized ledger have been posted at the end of the month, a trial balance of _______ ledger accounts is prepared to prove the equality of debits and credits.
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general ledger

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