world history unit 7 study guide

Benito Mussolini
during the war he rejected socialism. he organized veterns into the kascist party. supported the cathloic church
Kellogg briand pact
it was a pact to help prevent war and almost every country signed it.
disarmament
the reduction of armed forces and weapons.
Treaty of Versailles
blamed germany for causing the war
germany had to pay damages
to weaken germany
Schlieffen plan
russia moblized more quickley than expected
in turned into a deadlock in which neither side was able to defeat each other
U Boat
german submarines that did tremendous damage sinking merchant ships
Battle of tannenberg
Russia suffered a disastrous defeat.
Militarism
Glorfication of the military.
Soviet
Council of workers and soliders
Axis powers
Germany, Italy and Japan.
the three nations agreed to fight soviet communism.
appeasment
Giving into the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace.
Neutrality acts
One law for bade the sale of arms to any nation at war
Nazi soviet Pact
to bond hitler ant stalin together the two secretly aggreed not to fight aginest each other.
Anschluss
union of austria and germany
NATO
An alliance of countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949.
Blitzkrieg
improved tanks and air power techongly
Luftwaffe
german air force
Holocaust
Nazis had massacred 6 million jewish people in which became know as the Holocaust
Lend lease act
allowd the goverment to lend war materials to any country who defends the president
Hideki Tojo
Used military strength.
controled the pacfic ocean
supported hitler/ nazi party
extreame nationalism
Hitler
entered polticts in 1920
became leader of nazi’s
took over slovkia
invaded russia
decleard war on us
Joseph stalin
Helped lennin with the comunist goverment. He sighned a peace pact with hitler.
Bolshevik’s
Representatives of farmers and soldiers
Alliances
an agreement between two or more countires for example axis powers.
Cheka
the first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations
policy
goverment status
nagasaki
the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture on the island of Kyushu in Japan.
final soultion
it was a plane by hitler to kill and exterminate all jews in the world
inflation
a rise in the general level of prices of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.
USSR
soviet union
Pearl Harbor
japan bombed pearl harbor in 1941 which brought the united states into the war against japan and into an alliance with the chinese.
Propaganda
the spreading of ideas to promote a cause or damage to an opposing cause.
phony war
quite time during the war was referred to as the phony war.
Lusitania
british liner that got sunk by a german U boat
Leauge of nations
an intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.
Kamikaze
pilots who undertook suicide missions
kulaks
wealthy farmers
kristallnacht
series of coordinated attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany
allied powers
armistice
agreement to end fighting
central powers
composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria.
pacifism
opposition to all war
fascism
to describe a goverment that is not communist
D Day
the invasion of france
command econmy
Goverment officals made all basic econmic deisions.
communism
revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order …
Gestapo
rooted out opposition
genocide
an attempt to destroy a racial political or cultural group
great purge
increased stalins powers
gulag
a system of brutal labor camps where many people died
Marshall plan
the united states funneled food and economic assistance to europe to help countries rebuild
manhattan project
racing to harness the atom
mandate system
countries had high hopes for the paris peace conferance.
imperalism
the domainace by one country of poltical economic or cultural life
great purge
stalin feared his rivaly was plotting aginest him
gulag
a system of brutal labor camps where many died
hiroshima
city in japan where the us dropped and atomic bomb on
five year plan
once in power stalin imposed goverment control over the soviet union
fourteen points
a list of terms for resloving this and future wars.
great depression
an econmic crisis began in the us and spread to the rest of the world leaving almost no corner untouched.
tzar nicholas II
His reign saw Imperial Russia go from being one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse.
gavrilo princip
killed archduke francis in two shots
roosevelt
promised to bring the united states out of the great depression
neville chamberlain
told people he had achieved peace for our time
new economic policy
Allowing some private ventures, the NEP allowed small animal businesses or smoke shops, for instance, to reopen for private profit while the state continued to control banks, foreign trade, and large industries.[
nuremberg laws
deprived jews of german citizenship and placed several restrictions on them
nuremberg trials
when hitler staged mass nearly 200 germans and austrians were tried and most found guilty
paris peace conferance
the victorius allies met at the paris peace conferance to discuss the fate of europe and various colonies around the world
allied powers
the allied powers marked the turning point of the war the allies won victories on four fronts the pacific north aferica and italy.
third reich
hitler boosted germany would take over europe which never happened ponage go europe