Chapter 5 How Sociologists Do Research

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Wayne is conducting a study on how the global economic crisis and unemployment are affecting the rate of college attendance in various countries. This sociological study is conducted on the, \”blank\” level.
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macro
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This statement best highlights the relationship between human behavior and sociological research.
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Sociological research can be on any human behavior.
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Although some people would argue that we should rely on common sense when it comes to human behavior, why is sociological research important?
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In order to answer questions about human behavior, we need to move beyond guesswork and common sense.
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In comparison to sociological research, common sense is, \”blank,\” understanding social life.
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an insufficient means of
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A researcher finds the use of deodorant causes breast cancer. Subsequent studies by other researchers, however, have not replicated this finding. This researcher’s study lacks, \”blank\”.
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Reliability
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Why is it important to share the results of your research even if your hypothesis is not proven?
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Other researchers can then repeat your research to see if they come up with similar results.
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Before Jack begins his research on eating disorders, he must decide exactly what \”eating disorder\” entail in the context of his study. Jack needs an, \”blank\”?
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Operational Definition, (Variable, term, or object)
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The statement of what you expect to find according to predictions from a theory is known as the, \”blank\”.
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Hypothesis
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Which of the following is the first basic step in scientific research?
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Selecting a topic
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Kayla decides that she would like to research eating disorder. She wants to determine how they begin in teenage American girls. Her next step in the research model is, \”blank\”.
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Reviewing the Literature
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When operational definitions measure what they are intended to measure, they are said to be (blank).
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Valid
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\”Blank,\” focuses on a single event, situation, or individual.
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Case Study
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In a, \”blank,\” everyone in your target population has the same chance of being included in the study.
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Random Sample
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One problem with the mean, is that it, \”blank\”.
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is strongly influence by extreme scores
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Participant observation is also known as, \”blank.\”
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Fieldwork
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Karl wants to study the buying habits of other students at his university. What research method should Karl use?
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Survey
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Which of the following might Sudhir Venkatesh’s research with Chicago gangs imply about sociological research?
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Researchers must understand the true nature of their work and know how fully they are willing to follow through.
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Scully and Marolla feared that their interviews of rapists in prison might be affected by, \”blank.\”
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Interviewer Bias
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Gender is influenced in social research because, \”blank.\”
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Gender is significant in our lives in general
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Why did Laud Humphreys’ research on \”tearooms\” stir ethical controversy?
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Humphreys’ misrepresented himself to his subjects.
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What did Mario Brajuha do that made his research experiment famous?
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He protected his subjects.
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Humphreys’ research demonstrated the importance of, \”blank.\”
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not misleading your research subjects
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Which of the following did Humphreys’ research show about the nature of sociological study?
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Human relationships and the means of studying them raise a wide range of ethical questions.
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Which of the following statements best explains why a sociologist would not slip an unsuspecting soldier LSD, as was done in the 1960s.
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Today, sociologists take human subjects’ ethics very seriously.
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Mills argued that research is, \”blank.\”
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useless without theory
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One of the lessons of Scully and Marolla’s research on rapists is, \”blank.\”
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Often the answers to sociological questions are not as simple as we might assume.
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Which of the following is a drawback of using self-administered questionnaires?
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Loss of control of the data collection
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In his research, Ari is planning to use the, \”blank,\” method in which he asks subjects a series of questions about the topic.
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Survey
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For Kellan’s study, she would like to conduct a survey of first-time mothers in their thirties and forties. The, \”blank,\” method would work best for this study.
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Stratified random sampling
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Why do researchers generally use a sample from the population?
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Generally, the population is too large to study completely; therefore, representative individuals are selected.
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Which of the following is the most common measurement used to indicate, \”average\”?
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Mean
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Which of the following qualities is important to keep bias from affecting the data obtained in a survey?
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The survey should contain neutral questions.
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Participant observation might cause a dilemma for the researcher in, \”blank.\”
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Trying to decide how involved to become with the people who are being observed.
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Which of the following is a primary factor in influencing which method a sociologist will use in conducting research?
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Access to the subject(s)
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Why is a random sample considered important when doing research about a given target population?
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A random sample will represent the target population most fairly.
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The purpose of reviewing the literature concerning a topic before doing research is to, \”blank.\”
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Identify areas of the problem that are already known.
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Which of the following is forbidden by the ethical standards of sociology?
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Allowing the falsification of the results of a study.
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\”Blank,\” and, \”Blank,\” are the two basic techniques for administering questionnaires to respondents.
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Self-administered questionnaires, and interviews
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Which of the following sociologists conducted a study on rapists?
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Diana Scully and Joseph Marolla
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The second step of the research model involves, \”blank.\”
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Specifying what the researcher wants to learn about a topic.

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