Chapter 22 Quiz Practice

question

The Manchu Dynasty didn’t fall because of…
answer

discreet Japanese economic pressure
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What did Britain do to try to increase trade profits in China?
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Shipped LOTS of opium into China
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What was the nature of the Opium War like?
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The Brits used Chinese objection to opium as a pretext to invade China and forcibly open it to Western trade.
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The Opium War…
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Gave Britain control of Hong Kong
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What was NOT part of the Treaty of Nanjing?
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All British citizens in China were granted extraterritorial rights.
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What was the \”barren rock\”?
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Hong Kong
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What peaked with the rebel capture of Nanjing?
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The Taiping Revolution
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Who was the Christian leader of the Taiping Revolution?
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Hong Xiuquan
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What made opium trade in China legal?
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The Treaty of Tianjin
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What was NOT true about the loss of Qing control over its empire in the late 19th century?
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The Russians transferred territories north of the Amur River in Siberia to China
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The Qing went to war with Japan in 1894 over which territory?
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Korea
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What forced China to cede Taiwan and the Liaodong peninsula to Japan?
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The Sino-Japanese War
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What did the European powers force Japan to do in 1894?
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Return the Liaodong Peninsula to China
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What did Germany acquire in 1897?
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Shandong Peninsula
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The US Secretary of State who proposed the Open Door Policy?
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John Hay
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The Boxer Rebellion
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An uprising against foreigners by a secret society opposed to foreign imperialism.
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Medical doctor who formed the Revive China Society
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Sun Yat-sen
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Sun’s plan for revolution in China called for the overthrow of the Manchu Dynasty, followed initially by…
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A takeover of China by the military.
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Who created the Tongmenghui/Revolutionary Alliance?
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Sun Yat-sen
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Puyi
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The last emperor of China
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What left a power vacuum in China due to the collapse of the Manchu Dynasty?
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The Chinese Revolution of 1911
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Korea
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The only territory the Tokugawa regime maintained formal diplomatic relations with.
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US President and admiral the president sent to Japan
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Millard Fillmore and Matthew Perry
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What caused the Japanese opening to the West?
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The naval expeditions of Commodore Perry
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Who granted extraterritoriality to whom?
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America to Japan
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During the Meiji Restoration, the capital of Japan was moved from where to where?
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Kyoto to Tokyo
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The Progressive Constitution adopted by the Japanese in 1890 was modeled by the government of…
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Germany
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In the system developed under the Meiji Restoration, it is argued that Japan became…
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an updated version of oligarchy that it had succeeded
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What was NOT a Meiji economic policy?
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A graduated and progressive income tax.
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What was NOT a result of the social policies of the Meiji Restoration?
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Adoption of universal democracy.
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What developed a closely linked business-gov. relationship?
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Meiji economic policies
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In the Treaty of Shimonoseki, the Japanese obtained all except…
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Beijing’s Forbidden City.
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What was initiated by a Japanese surprise attack on the Russian naval base at Port Arthur?
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The Russo-Japanese War
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What was considered \”a revolution from above\”?
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The Meiji Restoration
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What was Japanese culture characterized as during the Meiji Restoration?
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A period of fascination with Western art, followed by a period of reaction, during which artists searched for authentic Japanese modes of statement.

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