Chapter 20 HIST 1302

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\”Banned in Boston\” referred to:
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a book ban in the city, including books by Ernest Hemingway.
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A main cause of the Great Depression was:
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declining American purchasing power.
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Agriculture in the 1920s:
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experienced declining incomes and increased bank foreclosures
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All of the following statements about the 1924 Immigration Act are true EXCEPT:
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the 1924 Immigration Act sought to ensure that more immigrants came from southern and eastern Europe than from northern and western Europe.
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American foreign policy during the 1920s:
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reflected the close working relationship between government and business.
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During the 1920s, American multinational corporations:
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extended their reach throughout the world.
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During the 1920s, consumer goods:
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were frequently purchased on credit.
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During the 1920s:
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an estimated 40 percent of the population remained in poverty.
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During the 1920s:
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government polices reflected the pro-business ethos of the decade.
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During the Scopes trial, Clarence Darrow, the defense lawyer, questioned whom as a supposedly expert witness about the Bible?
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William Jennings Bryan
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In 1923, the Meyer v. Nebraska decision:
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was a startling reversal in the cause of Americanization.
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In 1928, Herbert Hoover:
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won the presidency, primarily because of his sterling reputation and the general, apparent prosperity of the nation.
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In Schenck v. United States, the Supreme Court:
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argued that bans on dangerous speech were constitutional.
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In the 1920s, employers embraced the American Plan, which:
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advocated the \”open shop.\”
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In the 1920s, movies, radios, and phonographs:
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helped create and spread a new celebrity culture.
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In their 1929 study, Middletown, Robert and Helen Lynd:
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argued that leisure activities and consumption had replaced political involvement.
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Many forces predisposed Ku Klux Klan members to accept the group’s exclusionary message without much analysis. These forces included all of the following EXCEPT:
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Coolidge’s economic policies.
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Meyer v. Nebraska:
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overturned a law that stated public schools would instruct classes in English.
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President Harding’s call for a return to normalcy meant:
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calling for the regular order of things, without excessive reform.
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President Hoover responded to the onset of the Depression by:
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reassuring Americans that \”the tide had turned.\”
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Regarding public education, in 1922, Oregon became the first state to:
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require all students to attend public school.
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Robert La Follette ran for president in 1924:
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as a Progressive Party candidate.
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Slumming meant:
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whites going to Harlem’s dance halls, jazz clubs, and speakeasies.
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The 1924 Immigration Act:
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set quotas that favored immigration from northern and western Europe.
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The Equal Rights Amendment:
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proposed to eliminate all legal distinctions based on sex.
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The flapper:
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epitomized the change in standards of sexual behavior.
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The Great Depression shaped the lives of Americans in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
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the America suicide rate declined.
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The Great Depression was caused by all of the following factors EXCEPT:
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increased government regulation of banking and the stock market.
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The Harlem Renaissance:
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included writers and poets such as Langston Hughes and Claude McKay.
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The Hawley-Smoot Tariff:
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raised taxes on imported goods.
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The Hays Code:
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prohibited movies from depicting nudity, long kisses, and adultery.
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The Ku Klux Klan:
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flourished in the early 1920s, especially in the North and West.
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The Reconstruction Finance Corporation:
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made loans to failing businesses.
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The Scopes trial illustrated a divide between:
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modernism and fundamentalism.
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The Scopes trial of 1925:
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pitted creationists against evolutionists.
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The Teapot Dome scandal involved:
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the secretary of the interior, who received money in exchange for leasing government oil reserves to private companies.
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The trial and execution of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti demonstrated:
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how the Red Scare extended into the 1920s.
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What did Calvin Coolidge believe was the chief business of the American people?
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business
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What were the National Catholic Welfare Council and the Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith lobbying for in the 1920s?
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laws prohibiting discrimination against immigrants by employers, colleges, and government agencies
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Which city was considered the \”capital\” of black America?
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Harlem
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Which issue became the focus of the 1928 presidential race?
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the fact that Alfred Smith was Catholic
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Which would NOT be considered a characteristic of a flapper?
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advocated temperance
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Who was sentenced to death in a controversial criminal trial?
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Nicola Sacco
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Whose presidency was plagued with scandals?
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Warren Harding

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