First Aid Chapter 19-23 Final Exam – Flashcards

question
A victim suffering from heat stroke may not be sweating. Not sweating can result in
answer
Ineffective body cooling and a rapidly rising body temperature
question
The normal body temperature is-
answer
98.6
question
Frostbite-
answer
is freezing of body tissues
question
Which of the following is a signal for heat exhaustion.
answer
Cool,moist,pale skin
question
The best way to care for frostbite is by rubbing the area of the body you think might be affected.
answer
False
question
Hypothermia can occur when body temperature drops below-
answer
95F
question
Most heat-related illnesses are self-correcting if care is not given.
answer
False
question
Heat cramps usually affect _________ muscles.
answer
legs and abdomen
question
John has been hiking in the woods for over half the day. When he returns home, he complains that he can barely feel the fingers of both hands. Those fingers are cold to the touch and have a waxy appearance. What might be happening to John?
answer
frost bite
question
When you have to be working outside on a hot, summer day, you should wear-
answer
light-colored clothing
question
Which statement best describes the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion?
answer
heat stroke is life threatening,heat exhaustion in early stages can usually be reversed
question
Certain people are at greater risk for heat- and/or cold-related illnesses. Which of the following is not at an increased risk?
answer
the victim has pre-existing health problems. victim takes diuretics. victim is not properly hydrated. victim is not wearing appropiate clothing for the climate. all the above.
question
Heat exhaustion is when the body's temperature-regulating mechanism becomes overwhelmed.
answer
false
question
A victim suffering from hypothermia needs to be rewarmed, but not too quickly. Why?
answer
Rapid rewarming can cause dangerous heart rhythms.
question
Numbness, apathy, weakness, and a glassy stare are signal for ________.
answer
Hypothermia
question
You are walking past a construction site on a hot day when you notice one of the workers staggering about. The man is sweating profusely and tells you that he feels weak and dizzy. What might be this person's problem?
answer
heat Exhaustion
question
The body's first reaction to cold is to constrict the blood vessels near the skin, moving warm blood to the center of the body. What is the body's next reaction?
answer
Shivering
question
Heat cramps-
answer
are painful spasms of skeletal muscles
question
Heat exhaustion can usually be reversed by having the victim __________.
answer
removing wet clothing. applying cool wet cloths. moving the victim into a cooler enviroment. all of the above
question
A person can develop a heat- or cold-related illness only when extreme temperatures occur.
answer
False
question
Excess heat is removed from the body when blood vessels-
answer
near the skin dilate bringing more warm blood to the surface.
question
Your next door neighbor has been working outside all day on a project in her back yard. When you go over to visit her, you find her sitting outside on a lawn chair. She seems to be disoriented and has rapid, shallow breathing. Her skin is also bright red and hot to the touch. What might be your neighbor's problem?
answer
heat stroke
question
The surrounding air must be below 65° F before hypothermia can occur
answer
false
question
When performing the beach drag, you should pull the victim to safety-
answer
Head first
question
If needed, rescue breaths can be started while the victim is still in the water
answer
true
question
A beach drag is best used with a victim who is
answer
Unconscious
question
How do you support the victim's head, neck and back when using the beach drag?
answer
by using your forearms
question
Which of the following could be used for a reaching assist
answer
your arm pole tree branch all the above
question
An active drowning victim is best described as-
answer
someone who is vertical in the water but has no supporting kick
question
What is your first goal if you find a victim who is in trouble in the water?
answer
to keep yourself safe
question
Which of the following is not a priority for a drowning victim?
answer
cpr is begun (if required) as soon as possible
question
ou are at a local lake and notice an adult diving off a platform in the shallow water. The man dives in but does not come back out. As you approach the scene, you see that the man is in the water, face-down. Several bystanders are present, but no one has acted. What is the first action you take to help the man?
answer
check to see if a lifeguard or other trained professional is present before touching or moving the man
question
You must completely dry the victim before applying an AED.
answer
false
question
If needed, CPR can be started while the victim is still in the water.
answer
false
question
Why is it important to support the victim's head, neck and back when moving a victim?
answer
to prevent movement in case of a head,neck or back injury
question
Which of the following is not a non-swimming rescue assist?
answer
swimming out to victim with a floation device
question
Which action is not recommended when performing a reaching assist from a pool deck?
answer
swimming out into the water
question
Which of the following is the appropriate rule for a victim in deep water or a rip current?
answer
reach or throw before you go
question
Which method is best used for a person with a suspected head, neck or back injury who is face-up in the water?
answer
clothes drag head splint beach drag
question
To perform a throwing assist you get in a stride position, step on the line with your forward foot, shout to get the victim's attention, bend your knees, then-
answer
throw the device beyond the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air of water currents bring it to the victim .once it is grasped pull the victim slowly to safety.
question
Why should a heaving line be white or yellow in color?
answer
visibility
question
Three teenagers are wading in the ocean. You hear lots of laughter and noise coming from the group. You see a large wave sweep one of the teenagers into deep water. His friends are laughing and waving to him. As you watch, he is trying to swim but making no progress, although he appears to be working very hard at getting to the shore. Which term best describes this person?
answer
distressed swimmer
question
Which of the following is a limitation to moving one or more victims quickly and safely?
answer
the size of the victim(s)
question
How do you minimize head movement when performing a head splint on a person face-down at the surface of the water?
answer
use the victims own arms to stabilizes the head.
question
Why is it important to question a family member, if present, while caring for an elderly victim?
answer
because you need to determine if any signals you are seeing are part of a previous injury or condition the victim may have
question
While giving care to a child you notice several signs of abuse. Your first priority is to-
answer
care for the child's injuries or illness
question
While at the mall, you notice several bystanders who have crowded around an elderly woman. She is sitting on a bench and appears quite confused or dazed. As you approach the crowd, you ask what's going on. One of the bystanders says the woman is asking someone to help her. How would you approach this situation?
answer
introduce yourself speaking slowly and clearly at the woman's eye level
question
Care for children with high fevers includes-
answer
gently cooling the child
question
Which of the following should you remove when checking a conscious victim's ABCs?
answer
walking canes or other physical supports eye glasses hearing aids musculoskeletal braces none of these above
question
The best way to begin your check of a conscious child is-
answer
starting at the toes
question
How would you care for an elderly person who is suffering from a high body temperature as a result of extreme heat?
answer
by slowing cooling the victim and calling 911 or the local emergency number
question
Giving care when a victim speaks a language that you do not speak is similar to giving care for a victim who is-
answer
hearing impaired
question
Falls are the leading cause of death from injury for older adults.
answer
true
question
If a victim refuses care or is threatening you, you should _____.
answer
call 911 and remain at a safe distance
question
Checking one side of the body against the other for non life-threatening conditions may be difficult in a person with motor impairment because-
answer
body part may not look normal as a result of a specific condition
question
You work at a day care center. One child hits another child with a toy. The child who was hit is now crying and saying that her arm hurts. As you approach her, you should first-
answer
observe her to see if there are any apparent injuries
question
You and a friend are walking down the street one evening after seeing a movie. Across the street you see two teenagers hitting an elderly woman and trying to take her purse away. The woman is yelling for help. You can see a small amount of blood on her forehead. How could you and your friend attend to this situation?
answer
call 911 or the local emergency number and withdraw from the immediate area
question
When interacting with an injured child, you should-
answer
speak slowly and distinctly
question
When should you call 911 for a fever?
answer
the first time a child or infant has a febrile seizure
question
Falls are the leading cause of death from injury for children.
answer
false
question
If you believe the older adult victim is suffering from hypothermia, you should ask them to lie down to prevent further injury.
answer
false
question
Where is a good location in which to place a child up to two years of age to check for any signals of illness or injury?
answer
in a parent's or guardian's lap or arms
question
If you get consent from a child to care for him or her, you do not need consent from any adult responsible for the child.
answer
false
question
It is important to control severe bleeding from any child because-
answer
severe blood loss is life-threatening
question
By focusing on an object in the room while breathing, an expectant mother can-
answer
help reduce fear and apprehension
question
What should you do if the umbilical cord is looped loosely around the baby's neck during delivery?
answer
slide your forefinger along the new born's neck then gently slip the cord over the baby's head
question
You have assisted in the delivery of a baby. After you have cleaned out the nose and mouth, the baby is still not crying. What would you do?
answer
stimulate the baby to cry by gently flicking the soles of its feet
question
To stimulate contraction of the uterus and help slow bleeding after birth-
answer
help the mother to begin nursing the new born
question
Why should you use a clean towel to catch the baby as it is delivered?
answer
because the baby will be slippery
question
What do contractions that are 2 to 5 minutes apart and are 45 to 60 seconds in length indicate?
answer
the baby is beginning to pass out of the uterus and into the birth canal
question
Why is it important to question a pregnant woman who is in labor?
answer
to find out if anyone has called 911 or the local emergency number, to access labor and to prepare for delivery if necessary
question
Many new mothers experience shock-like signals after delivery so care for shock should be given.
answer
true
question
Why is it important to ask a pregnant mother if this is her first pregnancy?
answer
the first stage of labor normally takes longer with first pregenacies
question
During the first stage of labor, the mother's pain and discomfort may increase as a result of-
answer
tensing up because of fear
question
While assisting in a delivery, you notice a prolapsed umbilical cord. What is the best care for the mother and child?
answer
have the mother assume a knee- chest position
question
Breathing slowly and deeply during labor often aids muscle contractions.
answer
false
question
Why is it useful to have a bulb syringe when assisting in the delivery of a baby?
answer
to suction secretions from the infant's mouth and nose immediately after birth
question
Which statement best describes stage one of labor?
answer
contraction of muscles in the uterus
question
While assisting with a delivery, you can help the head of a baby emerge from the mother's birth canal by-
answer
applying light pressure to the baby's head
question
What are the two priorities in caring for a newborn?
answer
make sure the airway is open and clear maintain normal body temperature A&B
question
A series or set of three signals can be used to signal "Help!"
answer
true
question
When help is delayed and you are caring for a victim, you should be sure to recheck the victim's condition-
answer
every 15 minutes for conditions that are not life threathing
question
The best thing you can do in a delayed-help situation is to get help, even if this means leaving the victim.
answer
false
question
Several factors that you should consider when deciding whether to move a victim yourself include-
answer
the amount of assistance you have the distance to be traveled and the extent of the victim's injuries
question
In general, the care you give for a victim in a delayed-help situation is no different from the care you give for any victim.
answer
true
question
Which of the following conditions would not be a consideration for shock development in a delayed-help situation?
answer
nausea
question
The use of a tourniquet to control bleeding is-
answer
rarely needed and should only be uses when all other methods to control bleeding have failed
question
Your text defines a delayed-help situation as one in which emergency assistance is-
answer
delayed for more than 30 minutes
question
Which of the following is not the best option for seeking help in a delayed-help situation?
answer
stay where you are and wait for help to arrive
question
You are in a delayed-help situation; however, the victim's injuries are not severe. Even though moving the victim might cause additional injury, you are concerned that the conditions at the scene are unsafe. Which of the following options might be the best course of action in this situation?
answer
transport the victim to help
question
An improvised help sign that could be created to signal an aircraft is-
answer
a large "X" mark on the ground
question
Which of the following might create a delayed-help situation?
answer
you are far from a telephone or other means of communication
question
When in a delayed-care situation and caring for a victim with a head, neck or back injury, it is best to-
answer
stay where you are and wait for rescue personnel to arrive
question
When sending someone to get help, you should make sure that-
answer
the person carries certain vital information in writing
question
You and Mary are on a walk through the woods when Mary slips and injures her ankle. She is unable to walk, and you cannot carry her out of the woods. You should Check ______.
answer
the scene for safety the person or persons for resourses all of the above
question
n a delayed-help situation, you should gather information that you will need to plan how and when to get help. The kind of information you should gather includes-
answer
any conditions that would make it difficult for you to get help
question
In a delayed-help situation you should perform a head-to-toe exam on an unconscious victim.
answer
true
question
A natural shelter that you could use in an emergency would be-
answer
a cave, overhang or a large tree
question
If medical care is more than 2 hours away you might want to give care for shock by giving a fully conscious adult victim-
answer
about half a cup of cool water or clear juice to sip slowly over a 20- minute period
question
One important piece of information to give rescuers when you call for help is-
answer
your location, including prominent landmarks if possible
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question
A victim suffering from heat stroke may not be sweating. Not sweating can result in
answer
Ineffective body cooling and a rapidly rising body temperature
question
The normal body temperature is-
answer
98.6
question
Frostbite-
answer
is freezing of body tissues
question
Which of the following is a signal for heat exhaustion.
answer
Cool,moist,pale skin
question
The best way to care for frostbite is by rubbing the area of the body you think might be affected.
answer
False
question
Hypothermia can occur when body temperature drops below-
answer
95F
question
Most heat-related illnesses are self-correcting if care is not given.
answer
False
question
Heat cramps usually affect _________ muscles.
answer
legs and abdomen
question
John has been hiking in the woods for over half the day. When he returns home, he complains that he can barely feel the fingers of both hands. Those fingers are cold to the touch and have a waxy appearance. What might be happening to John?
answer
frost bite
question
When you have to be working outside on a hot, summer day, you should wear-
answer
light-colored clothing
question
Which statement best describes the difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion?
answer
heat stroke is life threatening,heat exhaustion in early stages can usually be reversed
question
Certain people are at greater risk for heat- and/or cold-related illnesses. Which of the following is not at an increased risk?
answer
the victim has pre-existing health problems. victim takes diuretics. victim is not properly hydrated. victim is not wearing appropiate clothing for the climate. all the above.
question
Heat exhaustion is when the body's temperature-regulating mechanism becomes overwhelmed.
answer
false
question
A victim suffering from hypothermia needs to be rewarmed, but not too quickly. Why?
answer
Rapid rewarming can cause dangerous heart rhythms.
question
Numbness, apathy, weakness, and a glassy stare are signal for ________.
answer
Hypothermia
question
You are walking past a construction site on a hot day when you notice one of the workers staggering about. The man is sweating profusely and tells you that he feels weak and dizzy. What might be this person's problem?
answer
heat Exhaustion
question
The body's first reaction to cold is to constrict the blood vessels near the skin, moving warm blood to the center of the body. What is the body's next reaction?
answer
Shivering
question
Heat cramps-
answer
are painful spasms of skeletal muscles
question
Heat exhaustion can usually be reversed by having the victim __________.
answer
removing wet clothing. applying cool wet cloths. moving the victim into a cooler enviroment. all of the above
question
A person can develop a heat- or cold-related illness only when extreme temperatures occur.
answer
False
question
Excess heat is removed from the body when blood vessels-
answer
near the skin dilate bringing more warm blood to the surface.
question
Your next door neighbor has been working outside all day on a project in her back yard. When you go over to visit her, you find her sitting outside on a lawn chair. She seems to be disoriented and has rapid, shallow breathing. Her skin is also bright red and hot to the touch. What might be your neighbor's problem?
answer
heat stroke
question
The surrounding air must be below 65° F before hypothermia can occur
answer
false
question
When performing the beach drag, you should pull the victim to safety-
answer
Head first
question
If needed, rescue breaths can be started while the victim is still in the water
answer
true
question
A beach drag is best used with a victim who is
answer
Unconscious
question
How do you support the victim's head, neck and back when using the beach drag?
answer
by using your forearms
question
Which of the following could be used for a reaching assist
answer
your arm pole tree branch all the above
question
An active drowning victim is best described as-
answer
someone who is vertical in the water but has no supporting kick
question
What is your first goal if you find a victim who is in trouble in the water?
answer
to keep yourself safe
question
Which of the following is not a priority for a drowning victim?
answer
cpr is begun (if required) as soon as possible
question
ou are at a local lake and notice an adult diving off a platform in the shallow water. The man dives in but does not come back out. As you approach the scene, you see that the man is in the water, face-down. Several bystanders are present, but no one has acted. What is the first action you take to help the man?
answer
check to see if a lifeguard or other trained professional is present before touching or moving the man
question
You must completely dry the victim before applying an AED.
answer
false
question
If needed, CPR can be started while the victim is still in the water.
answer
false
question
Why is it important to support the victim's head, neck and back when moving a victim?
answer
to prevent movement in case of a head,neck or back injury
question
Which of the following is not a non-swimming rescue assist?
answer
swimming out to victim with a floation device
question
Which action is not recommended when performing a reaching assist from a pool deck?
answer
swimming out into the water
question
Which of the following is the appropriate rule for a victim in deep water or a rip current?
answer
reach or throw before you go
question
Which method is best used for a person with a suspected head, neck or back injury who is face-up in the water?
answer
clothes drag head splint beach drag
question
To perform a throwing assist you get in a stride position, step on the line with your forward foot, shout to get the victim's attention, bend your knees, then-
answer
throw the device beyond the victim but within reach and throw the device so any air of water currents bring it to the victim .once it is grasped pull the victim slowly to safety.
question
Why should a heaving line be white or yellow in color?
answer
visibility
question
Three teenagers are wading in the ocean. You hear lots of laughter and noise coming from the group. You see a large wave sweep one of the teenagers into deep water. His friends are laughing and waving to him. As you watch, he is trying to swim but making no progress, although he appears to be working very hard at getting to the shore. Which term best describes this person?
answer
distressed swimmer
question
Which of the following is a limitation to moving one or more victims quickly and safely?
answer
the size of the victim(s)
question
How do you minimize head movement when performing a head splint on a person face-down at the surface of the water?
answer
use the victims own arms to stabilizes the head.
question
Why is it important to question a family member, if present, while caring for an elderly victim?
answer
because you need to determine if any signals you are seeing are part of a previous injury or condition the victim may have
question
While giving care to a child you notice several signs of abuse. Your first priority is to-
answer
care for the child's injuries or illness
question
While at the mall, you notice several bystanders who have crowded around an elderly woman. She is sitting on a bench and appears quite confused or dazed. As you approach the crowd, you ask what's going on. One of the bystanders says the woman is asking someone to help her. How would you approach this situation?
answer
introduce yourself speaking slowly and clearly at the woman's eye level
question
Care for children with high fevers includes-
answer
gently cooling the child
question
Which of the following should you remove when checking a conscious victim's ABCs?
answer
walking canes or other physical supports eye glasses hearing aids musculoskeletal braces none of these above
question
The best way to begin your check of a conscious child is-
answer
starting at the toes
question
How would you care for an elderly person who is suffering from a high body temperature as a result of extreme heat?
answer
by slowing cooling the victim and calling 911 or the local emergency number
question
Giving care when a victim speaks a language that you do not speak is similar to giving care for a victim who is-
answer
hearing impaired
question
Falls are the leading cause of death from injury for older adults.
answer
true
question
If a victim refuses care or is threatening you, you should _____.
answer
call 911 and remain at a safe distance
question
Checking one side of the body against the other for non life-threatening conditions may be difficult in a person with motor impairment because-
answer
body part may not look normal as a result of a specific condition
question
You work at a day care center. One child hits another child with a toy. The child who was hit is now crying and saying that her arm hurts. As you approach her, you should first-
answer
observe her to see if there are any apparent injuries
question
You and a friend are walking down the street one evening after seeing a movie. Across the street you see two teenagers hitting an elderly woman and trying to take her purse away. The woman is yelling for help. You can see a small amount of blood on her forehead. How could you and your friend attend to this situation?
answer
call 911 or the local emergency number and withdraw from the immediate area
question
When interacting with an injured child, you should-
answer
speak slowly and distinctly
question
When should you call 911 for a fever?
answer
the first time a child or infant has a febrile seizure
question
Falls are the leading cause of death from injury for children.
answer
false
question
If you believe the older adult victim is suffering from hypothermia, you should ask them to lie down to prevent further injury.
answer
false
question
Where is a good location in which to place a child up to two years of age to check for any signals of illness or injury?
answer
in a parent's or guardian's lap or arms
question
If you get consent from a child to care for him or her, you do not need consent from any adult responsible for the child.
answer
false
question
It is important to control severe bleeding from any child because-
answer
severe blood loss is life-threatening
question
By focusing on an object in the room while breathing, an expectant mother can-
answer
help reduce fear and apprehension
question
What should you do if the umbilical cord is looped loosely around the baby's neck during delivery?
answer
slide your forefinger along the new born's neck then gently slip the cord over the baby's head
question
You have assisted in the delivery of a baby. After you have cleaned out the nose and mouth, the baby is still not crying. What would you do?
answer
stimulate the baby to cry by gently flicking the soles of its feet
question
To stimulate contraction of the uterus and help slow bleeding after birth-
answer
help the mother to begin nursing the new born
question
Why should you use a clean towel to catch the baby as it is delivered?
answer
because the baby will be slippery
question
What do contractions that are 2 to 5 minutes apart and are 45 to 60 seconds in length indicate?
answer
the baby is beginning to pass out of the uterus and into the birth canal
question
Why is it important to question a pregnant woman who is in labor?
answer
to find out if anyone has called 911 or the local emergency number, to access labor and to prepare for delivery if necessary
question
Many new mothers experience shock-like signals after delivery so care for shock should be given.
answer
true
question
Why is it important to ask a pregnant mother if this is her first pregnancy?
answer
the first stage of labor normally takes longer with first pregenacies
question
During the first stage of labor, the mother's pain and discomfort may increase as a result of-
answer
tensing up because of fear
question
While assisting in a delivery, you notice a prolapsed umbilical cord. What is the best care for the mother and child?
answer
have the mother assume a knee- chest position
question
Breathing slowly and deeply during labor often aids muscle contractions.
answer
false
question
Why is it useful to have a bulb syringe when assisting in the delivery of a baby?
answer
to suction secretions from the infant's mouth and nose immediately after birth
question
Which statement best describes stage one of labor?
answer
contraction of muscles in the uterus
question
While assisting with a delivery, you can help the head of a baby emerge from the mother's birth canal by-
answer
applying light pressure to the baby's head
question
What are the two priorities in caring for a newborn?
answer
make sure the airway is open and clear maintain normal body temperature A&B
question
A series or set of three signals can be used to signal "Help!"
answer
true
question
When help is delayed and you are caring for a victim, you should be sure to recheck the victim's condition-
answer
every 15 minutes for conditions that are not life threathing
question
The best thing you can do in a delayed-help situation is to get help, even if this means leaving the victim.
answer
false
question
Several factors that you should consider when deciding whether to move a victim yourself include-
answer
the amount of assistance you have the distance to be traveled and the extent of the victim's injuries
question
In general, the care you give for a victim in a delayed-help situation is no different from the care you give for any victim.
answer
true
question
Which of the following conditions would not be a consideration for shock development in a delayed-help situation?
answer
nausea
question
The use of a tourniquet to control bleeding is-
answer
rarely needed and should only be uses when all other methods to control bleeding have failed
question
Your text defines a delayed-help situation as one in which emergency assistance is-
answer
delayed for more than 30 minutes
question
Which of the following is not the best option for seeking help in a delayed-help situation?
answer
stay where you are and wait for help to arrive
question
You are in a delayed-help situation; however, the victim's injuries are not severe. Even though moving the victim might cause additional injury, you are concerned that the conditions at the scene are unsafe. Which of the following options might be the best course of action in this situation?
answer
transport the victim to help
question
An improvised help sign that could be created to signal an aircraft is-
answer
a large "X" mark on the ground
question
Which of the following might create a delayed-help situation?
answer
you are far from a telephone or other means of communication
question
When in a delayed-care situation and caring for a victim with a head, neck or back injury, it is best to-
answer
stay where you are and wait for rescue personnel to arrive
question
When sending someone to get help, you should make sure that-
answer
the person carries certain vital information in writing
question
You and Mary are on a walk through the woods when Mary slips and injures her ankle. She is unable to walk, and you cannot carry her out of the woods. You should Check ______.
answer
the scene for safety the person or persons for resourses all of the above
question
n a delayed-help situation, you should gather information that you will need to plan how and when to get help. The kind of information you should gather includes-
answer
any conditions that would make it difficult for you to get help
question
In a delayed-help situation you should perform a head-to-toe exam on an unconscious victim.
answer
true
question
A natural shelter that you could use in an emergency would be-
answer
a cave, overhang or a large tree
question
If medical care is more than 2 hours away you might want to give care for shock by giving a fully conscious adult victim-
answer
about half a cup of cool water or clear juice to sip slowly over a 20- minute period
question
One important piece of information to give rescuers when you call for help is-
answer
your location, including prominent landmarks if possible
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