Chapter 16-Social Welfare Policymaking

question

Policies that provide benefits to individuals, particularly those in need are called
answer

social welfare policies.
question

Programs that provide benefits selectively only to people with specific needs are called
answer

means-tested programs.
question

The distribution of income in the United States
answer

is quite uneven.
question

The method used by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to count the number of poor people is
answer

the poverty line.
question

Rank and Hirschl looked at the overall incomes of Americans during their working lifetimes and found:
answer

An impressive 50.4 percent of Americans spent at least a year in poverty during their lifetimes.
question

Poverty rates tend to be highest among which of the following groups?
answer

unmarried women
question

Government’s main tools for influencing the distribution of income and wealth are
answer

income taxation and expenditure policies.
question

The best evidence indicates that the overall incidence of taxes in America is
answer

proportional.
question

Transfer payments have
answer

raised many of the poor above the poverty line.
question

After the turn of the century,
answer

family-based support networks began to break down.
question

Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty program
answer

represented an outpouring of federal programs to help the poor and elderly.
question

Advocates of greater spending for poverty programs in the Great Society had more difficulty gaining support compared to advocates for programs for the elderly because
answer

poverty groups were less organized, less powerful, and had lower turnout rates than the elderly.
question

The 1996 Welfare Reform Bill
answer

-Gave each state a fixed amount of money to run its own welfare programs. -Required people on welfare to find work within two years or lose all their benefits. -Placed a lifetime maximum of 5 years on welfare.
question

The major problem with the Social Security program is
answer

the long-term sustainability of the program.
question

Republicans have proposed solving the Social Security problem by
answer

diverting a portion of Social Security contributions to private retirement funds.
question

According to Charles Murray the problem with social welfare policies is that they
answer

discouraged the poor from solving their own problems.
question

Compared to most Western democracies, the United States provides
answer

relatively few social welfare benefits.
question

A dilemma concerning social welfare policy in a democracy is that
answer

the groups competing for social welfare programs are often quite uneven in the resources they bring to the struggle.
question

Past democratic conflicts and compromises in the social welfare policy area have
answer

given Americans a huge social welfare bureaucracy at all levels of government.
question

____________________ policies provide benefits to individuals, particularly those in need.
answer

Social welfare
question

The two biggest ____________________ are Social Security and Medicare.
answer

entitlement programs
question

The concept of ____________________ describes the share of national income earned by various groups in the United States.
answer

income distribution
question

Studies of ____________________ display even more inequality than those of income.
answer

wealth
question

The U.S. Bureau of the Census has established the ____________________, which takes into account what a family would need to spend to maintain an \”austere\” standard of living.
answer

poverty line
question

A tax that takes a higher percentage from the lower income levels than from the well-to-do is called a ____________________.
answer

regressive tax
question

Through the ____________________, the poorest of the poor receive a check from Washington instead of sending one.
answer

Earned Income Tax Credit
question

____________________, such as Social Security checks, Food Stamps, and welfare, provide benefits to individuals in specific need.
answer

Transfer payments
question

The most dramatic change in how Americans viewed government’s role in providing social welfare occurred during the 1930s and was called ____________________.
answer

AFDC or aid to families with dependent children.
question

Under the Welfare Reform law, cash payments to poor families are called ____________________.
answer

Temporary Assistance to Needy Families
question

Means-tested programs are rarely controversial in America and often overwhelmingly popular.
answer

False
question

The 1980s were a period in which the old adage \”the rich get richer and the poor get poorer\” applied.
answer

True
question

Studies of wealth in America display even more inequality than those of income.
answer

True
question

The official poverty counts tend to underestimate the seriousness of poverty in America.
answer

True
question

In general, federal taxes are progressive.
answer

True
question

The biggest chunk of federal transfer payments goes to the poor in America.
answer

False
question

Prior to the twentieth century, governments took little responsibility for feeding and clothing the poor or anyone else.
answer

True
question

In the 1960s America experienced an outpouring of federal programs designed to help the poor and the elderly.
answer

True
question

Advocates of greater spending for poverty programs have had greater support than those for programs for the elderly.
answer

False
question

No public policy has a worse public perception and image than welfare.
answer

True
question

The 1996 Welfare Reform Bill failed to reduce the number of people on welfare.
answer

False
question

Without reform, at some point, the Social Security program will become bankrupt.
answer

True
question

Social Security payouts should exceed income around the year 2038 unless something drastic changes.
answer

True
question

European nations tend to support greater governmental responsibility for poverty and social welfare than the United States.
answer

True
question

The nature of democratic politics makes it difficult to withdraw government benefits once they are established.
answer

True

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member