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Chapter 13: Therapies Questions Essay

question

___ are the most widely used class of antipsychotic drugs. – neuroleptics – antianxiety durgs – antidepressants
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– neuroleptics
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The initial form of psychosurgery, a prefrontal ___, consisted of surgically destroying or removing parts of a patient’s frontal lobes, which, surgeons thought, controlled emotionality.
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lobotomy
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a side effect of prefrontal lobotomy is: – insomnia and restlessness – tardive dyskinesia – diarrhea – being left in a vegetative state
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– being left in a vegetative state
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new procedures for treating psychotic patients include: – psychosurgery – administering electroconvulsive therapy – administering small does of antipsychotic medications over time – providing skill training in vocational and social skills – combining drug therapy with psychotherapy
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– administering small does of antipsychotic medications over time – providing skill training in vocational and social skills – combining drug therapy with psychotherapy
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define antidepressant drugs.
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medications used to treat depression that improve a patient’s mood and feeling of well-being
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What complications are sometimes associated with the use of lithium? – thyroid complications – sleep disorders – kidney complications – anxiety
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– thyroid complications – kidney complications
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what disorder is the drug Lithium used to treat? – bipolar disorder – schizophrenia – obsessive-compulsive disorder – panic disorder
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– bipolar disorder
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SSRI drugs work by increasing the levels of ___ in the brain.
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serotonin
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Which of the following is a main class of antidepressant? – monoamine oxidase inhibitors – benzodiazepines – selective dopamine reuptake facilitators – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
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– monoamine oxidase inhibitors – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
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Xanax and Valium are ___ drugs and are among the medications most frequently prescribed by physicians. – antidepressant – antianxiety – antipsychotic
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– antianxiety
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___ work by binding to receptor sites that become overactive during a period of anxiety. – schizophrenia drugs – Histamines – Neurotransmitters – Benzodiazepines
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– Benzodiazepines
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The acronym ECT stands for ___ therapy.
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electroconvulsive
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___ therapies are treatments to reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders by altering the way an individual’s body functions.
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Biological
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Biological therapies reduce or eliminate the symptoms of psychological disorders: – by the manipulation of genes that underlie mental illnesses – with drugs – through electroconvulsive therapy – with psychosurgery
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– with drugs – through electroconvulsive therapy – with psychosurgery
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When a patient does not respond to tricyclics, an alternative treatment for depression can be: – a tranquilizer – a neuroleptic – lithium – an MAO inhibitor
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– an MAO inhibitor
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___ drugs are used mainly in three diagnostic categories: anxiety disorders, mood disorder, and schizophrenia.
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psychotherapeutic
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biological therapies seek the reduction or elimination of symptoms of psychological disorders through the use of which of the following treatments? – cognitive reshaping – psychoanalysis – psychosurgery – drugs – electroconvulsie therapy
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– psychosurgery – drugs – electroconvulsie therapy
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neuroleptics are drugs that block the action of the: – norephinephrine system – epinephrine system – serotonin system – dopamine system
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– dopamine system
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___ drugs are used to reduce severe symptoms of disturbance, such as loss of reality and agitation. – antianxiety – antidepressant – antipsychotic – psychotic
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– antipsychotic
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___ is the use of nonmedical means to help individuals recongnize and alleviate their problems.
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psychotherapy
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unlike the earlier pschosurgery techniques modern surgeries: – are combined with ECT for maximum benefit – are used only for schizophrenic individuals – use small lesions and are much more precise – target the amygdala or other part of the limbic system
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– use small lesions and are much more precise – target the amygdala or other part of the limbic system
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recall the definition of drug therapy.
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works by altering the operation of neurotransmitters and neurons in the brain.
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MAO inhibitors are sometimes prescribed when it has been found that __ have not been effective. – neuroleptics – tricyclics – antipsychotics – lithium salts
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– tricyclics
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which of the following is not a new strategy for treating individuals with schizophrenia? – training in vocational, family, and social skills – drug therapy in which smaller doses are given over time, rather than an initial large dose – combining drug therapy and psychotherapy – electroconvulsie therapy
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– electroconvulsie therapy
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a potential side effect of taking neuroleptic drugs is: – insomnia or other sleep disorders – diarrhea – anxiety – tardive dyskinesia
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– tardive dyskinesia
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which of the following are side effects of antianxiety drugs? – fatigue – loss of coordination – insomnia and other sleep disorders – mental slowness
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– fatigue – loss of coordination – mental slowness
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___ drugs make an individual calmer and less excitable. – antipsychological – antianxiety – antisedative – antiropic
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– antianxiety
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___ drugs reduce the level of anxiety a person can experience and increase feelings of well-being.
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antianxiety
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the effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in treating depression is: – considered to be much greater than cognitive therapy – considered to be very low by most treatment professionals – approximately the same as cognitive therapy – approximately the same as antidepressant drugs
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– approximately the same as cognitive therapy – approximately the same as antidepressant drugs
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while the effectiveness of ECT, cognitive therapy, and drug therapy is comparable, ECT has the advantage in: – the positive experience that it produces in the patient – the speed with which alteration mood is achieved – the fact that medical doctors are not needed for the administration – the way the follow-up treatments can be carried out in the home
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– the speed with which alteration mood is achieved
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in spite of side effects such as memory loss and other cognitive impairments, some therapists feel that ECT is an appropriate therapy because – the rapid improvement in depressed patients can save lives. – the results last longer than the improvement found with cognitive therapy. – the results last longer than the improvement found with drug therapy. – it is much cheaper than drug therapy.
answer

– the rapid improvement in depressed patients can save lives.