Ch 20 US History II

question

Herbert Spencer’s disciple who popularized social Darwinism in America was
answer

William Graham Sumner.
question

The American Protective Association was an organization that
answer

promoted governmental restrictions on immigration.
question

In the 1890s, Dr. James Naismith
answer

Invented basketball
question

In the 1880s, the source of foreign immigration to the United States shifted from
answer

northwestern Europe to southeastern Europe.
question

In 1882, Congress passed legislation to exclude immigrants from
answer

China
question

A pioneer in making parks available for city dwellers was
answer

Frederick Law Olmsted
question

Vaudeville was the name given to
answer

variety shows
question

\”Nativism\” included religious prejudice against all the following except
answer

Presbyterians
question

The implications of social Darwinism included
answer

a belief in the progress of human societies.
question

The phrase \”survival of the fittest\” was coined by
answer

Herbert Spencer.
question

By 1900, a greater proportion of the population was urbanized in the
answer

Pacific coast.
question

Ellis Island
answer

Reception center in New York Harbor through which most European immigrants to America were processed from 1892 to 1954.
question

nativist
answer

A native-born American who saw immigrants as a threat to his way of life and employment. During the 1880s, nativist groups worked to stop the flow of immigrates into the United States. Of these groups, the most successful was the American Protective Association who promoted government restrictions on immigration, tougher naturalization requirements, the teaching of English in schools and workplaces that refused to employ foreigners or Catholics.
question

Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
answer

The first federal law to restrict immigration on the basis of race and class. Passed in 1882, worked for ten yrs,1943 were the barriers to Chinese immigration removed.
question

Frederick Law Olmsted
answer

In 1858, he constructed New York’s Central Park, which led to a growth in the movement to create urban parks.
question

Herbert Spencer
answer

As the first major proponent of social Darwinism, he argued that human society and institutions are subject to the process of natural selection and that society naturally evolves for the better. he was against any form of government interference
question

social Darwinism
answer

Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection to society; used the concept of the \”survival of the fittest\”
question

pragmatism
answer

William James founded this philosophy in the early 1900s. Pragmatists believed that ideas gained their validity from their social consequences and practical application.
question

William James
answer

founder of Pragmatism and one of the fathers of modern psychology.
question

John Dewey
answer

an important philosopher of pragmatism, preferred to use the term instrumentalism, because he saw ideas as instruments of action.
question

Reform Darwinism
answer

A social philosophy that challenged Social Darwinism by asserting that humans could actively shape the process of evolutionary social development through cooperation and innovation.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member