The existence of mental health problems hinders an individual from behaving, thinking, and feeling in a normal way. Mental health problems vary from anxiety and depression to complex issues such as bipolar disorder. Many approaches are utilized in diverse cultures to handle mental health issues. Clinical treatments and diagnosis have been established to solve the issue related to mental health. Individuals diagnosed with mental illness require the high level of care and concern (Kohn et al. 2004, p.880). Moreover, experienced clinical officers or people must be employed to assist in offering the care services to the clients. The paper discusses diverse primary, secondary and community care provisions for mental health patients. The services offered in each setting are also discussed.
Primary care entails giving essential healthcare to individuals diagnosed with mental health issues. The services provided in the primary care setting are accessible to families and individuals in the community. Furthermore, the services are brought close to the community members’ area of residence or work. Primary care mainly focuses on the needs of the specific community (Patel et al. 2013, p.148). Both community and the family must actively take part in primary healthcare. During primary care provision, people with me...
ntal problems are diagnosed and treated. Strategies have been developed that aid in preventing mental problems and facilitating primary healthcare workers in handling the mental health individuals.
The providers of primary care are key aspects of the mental health service delivery system. Mental health services in primary care involve two elements (Caplan 2013, p.123). The first element ensures that the service providers possess the relevant confidence, knowledge, and capacity to offer mental health assistance. The element focuses on incorporating mental health into the main primary care services. Professionals are required to acquire the relevant training and have enough time to offer support services to the mental health clients. The second element is based on offering a specialized mental health assistance within primary care. Relevant skills and knowledge must be met for effective primary care delivery.
Mental health nurses and doctors diagnose and monitor the initial health of the mental health patients provide primary care. CCGs (Clinical Commissioning Groups) assist in delivering and providing mental health services (Kohn et al. 2004, p.880). The CCGs also acquire social care and health systems and incorporate them for the benefit of the mental health patients. The primary care involves developing therapeutic connections with the affected families and patients. The caregivers help the mental health patients to recover and enhance independent living. Treatment and caregiving involve encouraging individuals to take part in therapy or administering drugs. Nurse are required to have good communication and interpersonal skills for effective interaction with the mental health patients. Handling individuals with mental is challenging because some of them have weird behaviors. The caregivers may be required to make decisions to patients in case the mental issue worsens (Caplan 2013, p.123). Primary care is key for mentally ill people since it offers the
basic condition and treatment necessary for their recovery. However, competent individuals must be acquired and employed as care providers at this stage.
Secondary Care in Mental Health
Patients with complex and advanced psychiatric disorders such as PTSD and ADHD are referred to secondary care (Patel et al. 2013, p.148). Primary care lacks the capability to handle complex mental disorders. Patients referred to secondary care may be admitted to a relevant institution for effective acquisition of mental health care. Consultations are made with the concerned people before taking any measures. Moreover, a supported accommodation is availed during the treatment process. A stable and safe environment is ensured for effective treatment of the psychiatric patients. Psychiatric nurses are assigned specific mental health patients who they monitor their conditions and offer the required care. Inhabitants of a certain area visit the clinical centers for consultations and treatment of mental health problems. Both outpatient and inpatient services are provided in community care context. Community care is linked with several advantages such as planning, management, and promotion of continuity of mental health care (Kohn et al. 2004, p.880). Most of the mental problems are long-lasting and demand for continuous care for considerable periods.
The provision of mental health services in secondary care demand specific facilities. They include outpatient facilities, beds for handling acute mental problems, and equipment for advanced tests. Human resources are also needed for effective implementation of the care. Professional in mental health who offers services includes psychologists, social workers, psychiatrists, and psychiatric nurses (Caplan 2013, p.123). Apart from delivering secondary care, the team also train and supervise primary care providers.
Community Care in Mental Health
Community care involves mental health patients who are referred from the primary care. Complex mental health issue are forwarded to community mental health providers for the advanced provision of services. Most patients provided with this type of care have time constrained issues. Once their complex problems are handled, the mental health patients are referred to their previous medications or practices (Mendenhall et al. 2016, p.13). The main objective of offering community care to mental health clients is to help them in recovering from the complex conditions. Primary care offers minimum services, which cannot handle complicated mental problems. In community care, clients are given a care coordinator. The care coordinators advise, assist and develop the connection with the patient. In most cases, the care coordinator visits the mental health patients at their area of resident where they check their conditions and provide relevant support or care.
CMHTs and Community Care Provision
In community care, CMHT treat or help individuals with mental problems in their area of resident instead of health centers. The services provided in community care differ based on the place of delivery. Community care involves the client’s community being the key providers of care. Mental illness is termed as a community problem, and hence the whole community takes part in delivering community care (Kohn et al. 2004, p.880). Community care is more of outpatient treatment and offers diverse services to the mental health patients. Some of the services offered in community care practice include supervision, primary care support, and hospitalization