Psychological disorder refer to the state of the mental condition in which the brain loses its normal state of health. Mental and psychological disorders range from Phobias Anxiety and Personality Disorders to phobias (Abramovitz, 2005). The people who experience mental disorders do not lead a normal life as they are affected by their disorders in one way or another. In this paper, I am going to look at one psychological disorder called Bipolar disorder and analyze how they affect the daily lives of human beings associated with them.
Bipolar disorder was initially known as manic depression. It refers to a mental condition that affects a person’s mood swinging him or her from one extreme to another. When someone experiences Bipolar disorders, he or she tends to have periods or episodes of depression and mania. Depression refers to when a person feels very low and lethargic while mania is when you feel high and overactive. A person mood tend to swings from high energy and activity levels, become euphoric and irritable, then depressed and back again with periods of normal moods in between (Quinn, 2007).
This disorder tends to affect people in the age of their early aging or their late teens.In the majority of half the cases, most of the disorders start from the age of 25 years. However, some may experience the disorder from as early as childhood years. Scientists believe bipolar disorder is associated somehow with the balance of brain chemicals called neurotransmitters (Strakowski, n.d.). When these chemicals are unstable in the brain,...
it may trigger the disorder. Also, it is associated with genetical inheritance where the offsprings of a parent experience the disorder if the parents had it (Goodwin, & Sachs, 2010).
People with the bipolar disability tend to live a different life from the normal life. Sometimes, they usually experience mood episodes which refer to the periods in their life when they experience unusually intense emotional statuses. When they are under intense excitement, they are said to be over excited, and they are said to be in the manic episode. When they are incredibly sad or unhappy, they usually have the depressive episode. However, sometimes the symptoms of mood episodes may include both those associated with mania and depression. In such a state, they are said to be in a mixed state. When people with bipolar disorders are in these mood episodes they can be explosive and irritable (Abramovitz, 2005).
The cycles of bipolar disorders usually occur and last for up to weeks or even days or months. Unlike normal moods of either happiness or sadness, the bipolar disorder moods are so intense such that they affect the way people live their normal life. For instance, during a manic episode, a person might charge up huge amounts on credit cards or even impulsively quit a job or even feel rested after sleeping just a few hours (Strakowski, n.d.). In a depressive state, some people tend to feel worthless and outcasts. They may feel want to live a solitary life and hence lay in bed and sleep the whole day, cancel plans or even phone calls and they may becom
stressed to an extent of commuting suicide. In a mixed state, the symptoms include appetite changes, sleeplessness, agitation and suicidal thinking (Goodwin, & Sachs, 2010).
Some people, on the other hand, feel somber and hopeless while feeling extremely energized especially for individuals in a mixed state may. Sometimes, individuals experiencing extreme mania or depression could have psychotic effects such as hallucinations and illusions. “The psychotic symptoms will tend to reveal the extreme mood from a person. For instance, psychotic symptoms exhibited by people experiencing a manic episode include believing that he or she is famous or have money as well as special powers. In the same way, a person in a depressive episode may feel that they are ruined, miserable and penniless, and have even committed a crime. Therefore, people with bipolar disorder who might be experiencing psychotic symptoms may sometimes be diagnosed wrongly to be having schizophrenia which is another mental illness associated with hallucination and illusion (Quinn, 2007).
People diagnosed with bipolar depression are slow in the way they do things in life. For instance, they tend to speak and move slowly, oversleep and lastly may tend to gain weight. They may also have behavioral problems because of their intense mood disturbances. Sometimes, when under stress or in intense excitement, they may tend to abuse alcohol or substances. They usually have poor relationships with either their peers or lovers or and may tend to be poor at school and work performance (Strakowski, n.d.).
In the beginning, it is not easy to recognize these symptoms to be a primary replica of any mental illness. People with bipolar disorders may tend to abuse substances and drug by treating their symptoms with alcohol or drugs. However, substance abuse tends to prolong and make the bipolar disorder worse and critical. People with bipolar disorder also usually experience anxiety disorders such as social phobia and post- traumatic stress disorder. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, has some symptoms that overlap with bipolar disorder like being distracted easily and restlessness (Goodwin, & Sachs, 2010).
In conclusion, bipolar disorder affects the moods of an individual by affecting individuals from being highly excited to severely depressed. As seen from the above discussion, people who live with such disorders usually experience tough times in their life where they may experience illusions, hallucinations denial, commit suicide experience loneliness or even tend to oversleep. They are slow in doing their things and are likely to be overweight. However, the moods can be stabilized by occasional treatment from the doctors. These treatments, however, do not eliminate the disorder but tend rather to stabilize the moods. It is of great importance to visit a health facility so as to be diagnosed with it since one might mistake it with schizophrenia. However, it is important to give care, understanding and show compassion towards people who experience this psychological disorder hence helping them avoid stress triggers that can lead to drugs abuse or even commuting suicide (Strakowski, n.d.). Lastly raising awareness about the disorder is a key to understanding the illness better. When one is properly educated and made aware on how to manage the disorder,
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