C15 – Bureaucracy

question

Bureaucracy
answer

a large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
question

Bureaucrat
answer

person working within a bureaucracy
question

Hierarchical Authority
answer

structured as a pyramid with a chain of command running from the top of the pyramid and down the sides
question

Job Specialization
answer

each person who works from the organization, has certain defined duties and responsibilities; specialization and knowledge about specific duties
question

Formalized Rules
answer

bureaucracy does its work according to a number of established regulations and procedures
question

Executive Branch
answer

nearly all of the federal bureaucracy is located where?
question

Department
answer

term reserved for agencies of cabinet rank
question

Agency (or Administration)
answer

term used to refer to any governmental body
question

Commission
answer

term usually given to agencies with the regulation of business activities
question

Corporation (or Authority)
answer

term given to those agencies that conduct business like activities
question

Bureau (or Service, Office, Branch)
answer

term given to major elements in a department
question

the executive office of the President, the 15 cabinet Departments, and a large number of independent agencies
answer

The executive branch is composed of which three broad groups of agencies?
question

Staff Agency
answer

serves as a support capacity, offering advice and other assistance in the management of the organization
question

Line Agency
answer

actually performs the tasks for which the organization exists
question

15
answer

how many cabinet departments are there?
question

OMB (Office of Management and Budget)
answer

which cabinet department is the largest?
question

White House Office
answer

“nerve center” of executive branch
question

Federal Budget
answer

a very detailed estimate of receipts and expenditures for the next fiscal year, a 12-month period that begins on October 1st and ends September 30th.
question

EOP (Executive Office of the President)
answer

an “Umbrella” Agency, a complex organization staffed by the President’s closest advisors and assistants
question

OMB (Office of Management and Budget)
answer

prepares federal budget
question

Office of National Drug Control Policy
answer

prepares annual national drug control strategies
question

Council of Economic Advisors
answer

chief executive’s major source of information and advice on the state of the nation’s economy and helps president prepare for annual Economic Report to Congress
question

Office of Policy Development
answer

Advises president on all domestic affairs
question

Council on Environmental Quality
answer

aids President in environmental policy and in writing the annual “state of the environment” report to Congress; it also sees that federal agencies comply with presidential policy and the nation’s environmental laws
question

Office of the Vice President
answer

an office which houses more than 50 people who help the VP perform its duties
question

Office of the United States Trade Representative
answer

advises the chief executive in all matters of foreign trade
question

Office of Science and Technology Policy
answer

President’s major advisor in all scientific, engineering, and other technological matters
question

Office of Administration
answer

general housekeeping agency for all units in the Executive Office; provides support services needed to do various jobs within the Executive Office
question

Pyramid
answer

what is the structural shape of a bureaucracy?
question

Fiscal Year
answer

the 12-month period used by the government and business for record-keeping, budgeting, and other financial management purposes
question

Domestic Affairs
answer

all matters of a nation that are not connected to foreign affairs
question

Department of State, Treasury, and War
answer

what were the original three departments created by Congress?
question

Secretary
answer

who heads every department (except Department of Justice)?
question

Attorney General
answer

who heads the Department of Justice?
question

Department of State
answer

Which department is the oldest and most prestigious?
question

Department of Defense
answer

Which department is the largest?
question

Department of Health and Human Services
answer

Which department has the largest budget, accounting for about 25% of all federal spending each year?
question

Department of Energy
answer

Which department conducts nuclear weapons research and production?
question

Department of Interior
answer

Which department operates hydroelectric power plants?
question

Department of Agriculture
answer

Which department administers the food stamp program?
question

Department of Treasury
answer

Which department enforces alcohol, tobacco, and firearms laws?
question

Party, Professional Qualification, Interest Groups, Practical Experience, Geography, Gender, Race, and Other Personal Characteristics
answer

What are some factors presidents consider when picking their cabinet secretary nominees?
question

Administrative Head of a Department and Advisors to the President
answer

What are the cabinets two main jobs?
question

Department of State
answer

advises the president on foreign policy, negotiates agreements with foreign countries, represents the US abroad in international organizations
question

Department of Treasury
answer

produces coins and bills collects taxes, borrows money and manages public debt, enforces alcohol, tobacco, and firearms laws
question

Department of Defense
answer

provides military forces to protect national security and deters war
question

Department of Justice
answer

prosecutes violations of federal law, provides legal advice to the president, represents the United States in court (ie: U.S. vs. _____), operates federal prisons
question

Department of Interior
answer

manages public lands, wildlife refuges, and national parks, operates hydroelectric power plants, helps Native Americans manage their affairs
question

Department of Agriculture
answer

manages national forests, inspects food, assists farmers and ranchers, administers food stamp and school lunch programs
question

Department of Commerce
answer

conducts the census, grants patents and registers trademarks, promotes international trade, economic growth, and technological development
question

Department of Labor
answer

enforces federal laws on minimum wages, maximum hours, and safe working conditions, operates job training programs, administers unemployment and workers’ compensation programs
question

Department of Health and Human Services
answer

funds health care research programs, conducts programs to prevent and control disease, enforces pure food and drug laws, administers Medicare and Medicaid
question

Department of Housing and Urban Developement
answer

operates home-financing and public housing programs, enforces fair housing laws
question

Department of Transportation
answer

administers programs to promote and regulate highways, mass transit, railroads, waterways, and air travel, administers oil and gas pipelines
question

Department of Energy
answer

promotes production of renewable energy, fossil fuels, and nuclear energy, transmits and sells hydroelectric power, conducts nuclear weapons research and production
question

Independent Agencies
answer

a federal agency that operates independently of the 15 executive departments
question

Independent Executive Agency
answer

the largest category of independent federal agencies, which include most of the non-Cabinet agencies
question

Civil Service
answer

the collective name given to the majority of civilians who work directly for the federal government
question

Patronage
answer

he practice of handing out jobs, contracts, and other government favors to political supporters and friends
question

Spoils System
answer

another name for the patronage system, dating back to the administration of Andrew Jackson
question

Draft
answer

compulsory, or required, military service; also called conscription
question

1. Congress decides purpose for which public agencies exist and functions they perform 2. Public agencies are financed by public funds made by congress, not private investors 3. Public employees: president selects and senate approves
answer

What are some differences between corporations and private sectors?
question

Independent Regulatory Commission
answer

one of 11 agencies that monitor and police key aspects of the national economy, with little direction from the President
question

Government Corporations
answer

government agency set up by Congress to carry out certain business-like activities
question

Appointed by President and Approved by Senate
answer

how are board or commission members inducted?
question

President
answer

who appoints people to cabinet jobs in the executive branch?
question

Andrew Jackson
answer

“Father of the Patronage System”
question

1. Rewarding loyal supporters with government jobs 2. limited federal jobs to 4 years 3. furthered democracy by putting new people in government positions 4. “the spoils belong the victors”
answer

How did President Andrew Jackson defend the spoils system?
question

President Arthur
answer

responsible for pushing congress to pass civil service reform; passed Pendleton Act (Civil Service Act of 1883)
question

2/3
answer

How many people who work for the federal government are civilians?
question

Merit System
answer

main purpose was to make merit (quality of one’s work) the basis for hiring, promotion, and other personnel actions. This was to be measured by practical examinations given by an independent agency. Today nearly 90% (of 2.7 million) are covered by the system
question

Office of Personal Management
answer

the government’s central personnel agency
question

Merit System Protection Board
answer

what bipartisan independent agency enforces the merit principle?
question

Selective Service System
answer

war drafting system
question

Fertility
answer

Advantage of government cooperation? (from jeopardy game)
question

Ginnie Mae
answer

Another name for the Government National Mortgage Association? (from jeopardy game)

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member