APUSH CHAP 27

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Anti-Imperialist League (1898-1921)
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A diverse group formed in order to protest American colonial oversight in the Philippines
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Big Sister policy (1880s)
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~foreign policy of Secretary of State James G. Blaine ~aimed at rallying Latin American nations behind American leadership and opening Latin American markets to Yankee traders
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Boxer Rebellion (1900)
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~An uprising in China directed against foreign influence ~paved the way for the revolution of 1911 which led to the establishment of the Republic of China in 1912
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Foraker Act (1900)
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~(R) Senator Joseph B. Foraker, this accorded Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government ~The first comprehensive congressional effort to provide for governance of territories acquired after the Spanish American War
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Great Rapprochement
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American diplomats began to cultivate close, cordial relations with Great Britain at the end of the 19th century
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Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901)
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~Treaty between the US & Britain ~gave Americans a free hand to build a canal in Central America ~nullified the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty of 1850, which prohibited the British or US from acquiring territory in Central America
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Insular Cases (1901-1904)
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~1901 divided Supreme Court decreed that the Constitution did not follow the flag ~In other words, Puerto Ricans and Filipinos would not necessarily enjoy all American rights
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insurrectos
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~Cuban insurgents who sought freedom from colonial Spanish rule ~Their destructive tactics threatened American economic interests in Cuban plantations and railroads
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Maine (1898)
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~American battleship dispatched to keep a “friendly” watch over Cuba in early 1898. ~mysteriously blew up in Havana harbor on February 15, 1898 ~Later evidence confirmed that the explosion was accidental ~many Americans, eager for war, insisted that the Spanish were to blame
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McKinley Tariff (1890)
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~ Pushed by President William McKinley ~tariff raised duties on Hawaiian sugar ~set off renewed efforts to secure the annexation of Hawaii to the US
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Open Door note (1899-1900)
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~Diplomatic letters from Sec of State John Hay ~urged the great powers to respect Chinese rights and free and open competition within their spheres of influence ~Established the “Open Door Policy,” which sought to ensure access to the Chinese market for the United States, despite the absence of a formal sphere of influence in China
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Platt Amendment (1901)
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~Following its military occupation, the US successfully pressured the Cuban gov to put this amendment into its constitution ~limited Cuba’s treaty-making abilities ~controlled its debt ~stipulated that the US could intervene militarily to restore order when it saw fit
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Roosevelt Corollary (1904)
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~policy of “preventive intervention” advocated by Theodore Roosevelt in his Annual Message to Congress in 1904 ~Bolstered the Monroe Doctrine ~the corollary said that the US would retain a right to intervene in the domestic affairs of Latin American nations in order to restore military and financial order
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Root-Takahira agreement (1908)
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~Signed Nov 30, 1908 between US and Japan ~agreed to respect each other’s territorial possessions in the Pacific and uphold the Open Door in China ~eased tensions between the two nations ~weakened American influence over further Japanese hegemony in China
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Rough Riders (1898)
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~Organized by Theodore Roosevelt ~a colorful, motley regimen of Cuban war volunteers ~consisted of western cowboys, ex-convicts, and effete Ivy leaguers ~Roosevelt used it in campaigning
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Teller Amendment (1898)
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~proviso to Pres McKinley’s war plans ~proclaimed that when the US had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give Cuba its freedom ~The amendment testified to the initial “anti-imperialist” designs of the war plans.

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