AP World History Chapter 17 Multiple Choice

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Which of the following describes how the movement toward industrialization in the nineteenth century affected Latin America?
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Latin America provided the food products, raw materials, and markets for industrializing countries
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Which of the following describes how the Industrial Revolution unfolded?
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It began independently in only one place, Great Britain
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In the eighteenth century, how did the Industrial Revolution solve an emerging energy crisis?
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It introduced the use of coal, oil, and natural gas a sources of fuel
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Which of the following was a result of the Industrial Revolution?
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An increase in the production of mining, manufacturing, and services
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Which of the following groups benefited most from the Industrial Revolution in nineteenth-century Britain?
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The middle classes
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Which of the following best exemplifies mercantilism as it was practiced in the Atlantic trading system by 1750?
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International agreements by European governments to protect the freedom of the seas
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Adoption of which of the following power sources has contributed the most to the increasing energy available to humans?
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Fossil fuels
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The beginning of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain was most influenced by which of the following factors?
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The location and large number of British coal deposits
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Which of the following resulted from Europe’s expansion overseas in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries?
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European countries acquired colonies and dominated world trade
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Which of the following contributed to England’s early industrialization?
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Colonial trade
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The most significant technological advance to solve the issues of energy in the early stages of the Industrial Revolution was the
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steam engine
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By reducing the cost of overland freight, the railroad
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created national markets
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What of the following did Karl Marx propose?
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He believed middle class and working class were opposed to each other
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The economic development of Latin America was heavily dependent on
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foreign capital
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Which of the following explains why industrialization first occurred in Europe?
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European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes
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Which of the following has been offered as an explanation for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize?
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The Scientific Revolution in Great Britain fostered technological innovation
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In what way was the Industrial Revolution a global phenomenon by the end of the nineteenth century?
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Even regions that failed to industrialize were impacted by industrialization
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In nineteenth-century Britain, women from the laboring classes found jobs as
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factory workers and domestic servants
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Which of the following describes a feature of Karl Marx’s vision of the society he predicted would emerge after the collapse of capitalism?
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A society without classes and conflict
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Which of the following played a greater role in the industrial development in Russian than in the United States or Western Europe?
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The state
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How did contact with other civilizations contribute to Europe’s Industrial Revolution?
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It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world’s resources
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Which of the following describes the situation in Latin America after independence?
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Politically, the area was plagued by internal divisions, regional revolts, and international wars
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Which of the following accompanied industrialization wherever it occurred in the world?
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Urbanization
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Term used by Karl Marx to describe the industrial working class. He believed they had been exploited by the bourgeois
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Proletariat
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British working-class party established in the 1890s and dedicated to reforms and a peaceful transition to socialism
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Labour
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Spontaneous rebellion in Russia after the country’s defeat at the hands of Japan that forced the tsar to make substantial reforms
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Russian Revolution of 1905
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Due to the unrest, these military strongmen would take power in newly formed Latin American countries
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caudillo
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Emphasized thrift, hard work, rigid moral behavior, cleanliness, and respectability
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middle class of Europe values
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Followers of an American political movement in the period around 1900 that advocated reform measures to correct the ills of industrialization
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Progressive

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