AP Human Geography- Types of Agriculture- Chapter 10

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Pastoral Nomadism
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Form of subsistence agriculture based on the herding of domesticated animals. Occurs in developing countries. DRY CLIMATES! (Middle East, North Africa) (Camel, goats, sheep, cattle)
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Shifting Cultivation
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Form of subsistence agriculture in which people shift activity from one field to another. Switches every few years, then left alone for a relatively long period. Found in developing countries. SLASH AND BURN! TROPICAL CLIMATES! HUMID, LOW LATITUDE! (Amazon, Central Africa) (Upland Rice- SE Asia, Maize- S America, Millet and Sorghum- Africa)
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Transhumance
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Seasonal migration. (Mountain to lowland pasture)
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Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice
Intensive Subsistence- Wet Rice
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Form of subsistence agriculture where farmers work intensely to subsist on a parcel of land. EFFORT. Feeds 3/4 of the worlds people in developing countries. Requires handwork, or animal power. No machinery. Found in developing countries. Climate is humid, but there are seasons. (China, India) (Crop Rotation- 1st Wet Rice, 2nd Barley, Wheat, and Tobacco)
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Plantation Farming
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Form of commercial farming specializing in one or two crops. The crops are grown for sales! Largest production. Found in developing countries. (Latin America) (Cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, banana, tea)
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Mixed Crop and Livestock
Mixed Crop and Livestock
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Integration of crops and livestock. The crops mainly feed the animals, not the humans. The animal meat is for sale, or the products from the animal– 3/4 income comes from meat, eggs, etc. Crop rotation. POPULAR IN EUROPE. Developed countries. (Europe, North America) (Hay// pigs, chicken, cows// eggs)
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Dairy Farming
Dairy Farming
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Deals with cows. MOST IMPORTANT TYPE. Ring surrounding the area is the milkshed. All parts of the world. (Milk)
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Commercial Gardening/ Fruit Farming
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Truck Farming- sells fruit and vegetables. Developed Countries (Think… Farmer’s Market and fruit kiosks) (Southeastern United States) (Apples, Asparagus, Cherries, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Potatoes)
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Livestock Ranching
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Commercial grazing. Semiarid or dry land. Developed countries where vegetation is sparse and soil is too poor to support crops. (Think… Cows.)
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Subsistence Agriculture
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Form of agriculture where crops are grown for the consumption of the FARMER’S FAMILY. Developing countries.
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Commercial Agriculture
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Form of agriculture where crops are grown for SALE off the farm!! Developed Countries
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Grain Farming
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Grains. Crops grown primarily for human consumption. Machinery, expanse. Grows in both warm climates, and harsh climates. (China, India) (Wheat, Hay)
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Mediterranean Agriculture
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ALWAYS borders a sea. Most are on the west coast of continents. Human consumption. Horticulture. NO DAIRY. (olives, grapes, cereal)

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