AP Gov Chapter 16

question

1. The U.S. social welfare system differs markedly from those of West European democracies, a situation that is attributable primarily to America’s
answer

cultural emphasis on individualism and federal system of government.
question

2. The poverty line is defined as
answer

three times the annual cost of a thrifty food budget for an urban family of four.
question

3. According to survey data, the form of assistance that Americans favor the most to help the poor is
answer

education and job training.
question

4. _______ has the highest child poverty rate among the major industrialized nations.
answer

The United States
question

5. The largest proportion of Americans living below the poverty line are
answer

children and their divorced, separated, or unmarried mothers.
question

6. Poverty is a condition that today affects roughly one in ________ Americans.
answer

eight
question

7. In his book, Losing Ground, Charles Murray argues that
answer

welfare programs create a foundation for a permanent underclass of unproductive people.
question

8. ________ was terminated in 1996 and replaced by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program
answer

AFDC
question

9. The term entitlement refers to a program
answer

where any individual who meets the eligibility criteria is entitled to receive the benefit.
question

10. The EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) represents a reallocation of income to
answer

lower-income workers.
question

11. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal reflected the concept of positive government, meaning
answer

that government intervention helped people to attain a greater degree of individual freedom and security at a time when economic insecurity was widespread.
question

12. The defining characteristic of a social insurance program is that
answer

eligibility for the program’s benefits is confined to those who pay the special taxes that fund the program.
question

13. Social insurance programs have high levels of public support because
answer

of their self-financing feature.
question

14. The Social Security benefits that today’s retirees receive are funded primarily by
answer

payroll taxes on people who are currently working.
question

15. The term \”means test\” refers to
answer

whether an applicant’s income is low enough to qualify for public assistance.
question

16. ________ was called the great leveler when it began in the early nineteenth century.
answer

Public education
question

17. The Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program was unpopular because of
answer

the public perception that it contributed to welfare dependency and irresponsibility.
question

18. Criticism of the food stamp program occurs because it
answer

All of the answers are correct.
question

19. All of the following are true statements about Medicaid except
answer

it serves all Americans who cannot afford health insurance.
question

20. President Franklin Roosevelt’s greatest domestic policy legacy is
answer

Social Security.
question

21. In terms of its educational system, the United States ranks at the top in terms of
answer

All of the answers are correct.
question

22. More than 90 percent of the funding for K-12 public education comes from
answer

state and local governments combined.
question

23. Which of the following statements is true concerning American public opinion on school vouchers?
answer

Americans are divided in their opinions on school vouchers.
question

24. ________ persuaded Congress to enact the No Child Left Behind Act.
answer

President George W. Bush
question

25. The primary reason that the existence of Social Security greatly lessens the demand for other forms of social welfare is that
answer

Social Security checks keep millions of elderly Americans with no other substantial source of income out of poverty.
question

26. Compared to tax policy in Western European democracies, tax policy in the United States shifts
answer

a smaller portion of income from the rich to the poor.
question

27. Studies indicate that most unemployed American workers lost or left their jobs because
answer

of economic slowdowns and corporate restructuring.
question

28. Welfare policy in the United States
answer

is an issue that frequently divides the two political parties.
question

29. The TANF program must operate within all the following guidelines except
answer

states have no discretion in their handling of welfare cases.
question

30. Which of the following is a true statement about the visibility of poverty in American society today?
answer

Poverty is less visible to residents of the suburbs than in inner cities or rural areas.
question

31. Which of the following social welfare programs was supported by a majority of congressional Republicans at the time of enactment?
answer

the 1995 Welfare Reform Act
question

32. ________ orchestrated the Great Society programs of the 1960s.
answer

Lyndon Johnson
question

33. Which of the following is true regarding income patterns in America?
answer

The top fifth of Americans in terms of income receive half of the total income in the nation.
question

34. The major reason why Social Security is likely to be a focus of reform is because
answer

at some point in the future, the number of workers will be insufficient to provide enough Social Security tax revenue to pay the benefits due to eligible retirees.
question

35. The Medicare program provides health benefits to
answer

only retirees who have reached the age of eligibility and paid the payroll taxes that are required for eligibility to receive the benefit.
question

36. The American preference for equality of opportunity is consistent with Americans
answer

All of the answers are correct.
question

37. Of the following, which is likely the least criticized public assistance program?
answer

Supplemental Security Income
question

38. Most social welfare programs are
answer

run jointly by federal and state governments.
question

39. ________ is an example of an in-kind benefit.
answer

The Food Stamp program
question

40. In contrast with Medicare, the Medicaid program is
answer

a public assistance program.
question

41. The program that replaced the sixty-one-year-old federal guarantee of aid to the poor was
answer

TANF.
question

42. A recent poll determined that Americans believe that public assistance programs for the poor are the second-costliest federal program. How accurate is this perception?
answer

None of the above answers are correct.
question

43. All of the following are true of the Head Start program except that it
answer

is fully funded at the present time.
question

44. The success of the No Child Left Behind Program has been hampered by
answer

inadequate funding

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member