Ap Gov Chapter 1 Answers

question

How does government usually protect its national sovereignty?
answer

by maintaining armed forces
question

The ways in which people get involved in politics make up their political __________.
answer

participation
question

How does our government respond to the priorities of its people?
answer

through a policymaking system
question

What makes up the government’s policy agenda?
answer

the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and others actively involved in politics at a given time
question

The principle that, in a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires the majority’s desire to be respected is called __________.
answer

majority rule
question

What is the theory that argues that group competition results in a rough approximation of the public interest in public policy?
answer

pluralist theory
question

Which theory contends that American society is divided along class lines?
answer

elitism
question

Which theory argues that special interests groups have become sovereign, and the government is merely their servant?
answer

hyperpluralism
question

What condition occurs when interests conflict and no coalition is strong enough to form a majority and establish policy?
answer

policy gridlock
question

A set of values widely shared within a society is referred to as which of the following?
answer

political culture
question

That the U.S. government is more limited and smaller than other advanced industrialized countries is a reflection of the strength of which type of economic policies?
answer

laissez-faire
question

What is an example of a collective good?
answer

clean air
question

The U.S. troop surge in Afghanistan resulted from which of the following?
answer

a presidential
question

The who of politics includes voters, candidates, groups and parties; the what refers to which of the following?
answer

the substance of politics and government-benefits and burdens
question

Free speech and a free press are essential to which principle of traditional democratic theory?
answer

enlightened understanding
question

In the United States, pluralist theory suggests which of the following?
answer

Many groups vie for power with no one group dominating politics.
question

Who is at the center of all theories of elite domination of politics?
answer

big business
question

According to James Q. Wilson, an “intense commitment to a candidate, a culture, or an ideology that sets people in one group definitively apart from people in another, rival group” is a definition of which of the following?
answer

polarization
question

What are the institutions that make public policy decisions for a society collectively known as?
answer

government
question

What determines whom we select as our governmental leaders and what policies these leaders pursue?
answer

politics
question

What best describes a linkage institution?
answer

a channel through which people’s concerns become a political agenda
question

What are policy impacts?
answer

the effects that a policy has on people and on society’s problems
question

What most closely exemplifies equality in voting?
answer

one person, one vote
question

As a system, how does democracy function
answer

By selecting policymakers and organizing gov do that policy represents and responds to the public’s preferences
question

What kind of public policy involves the legislative enactment of taxes and expenditures?
answer

Budgetary choice
question

Which principle of traditional democracy theory is violated in circumstances in which the wealthy have influence far exceeding what would be expected based on their numbers?
answer

Citizen control of the agenda
question

Which of the following is true of public policy?
answer

It includes all decisions and nondecisions made by government.
question

Free speech and a free press are essential to which principle of traditional democratic theory?
answer

Enlightened understanding
question

Who is at the center of all theories of elite domination of politics?
answer

big business

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