Adult Developmental test 2

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The absolute human life span is considered to be______ years.
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120
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According to your text, ______ and _______ have longer life expectancies after the age of 65 than Americans.
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Japanese and French
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All of the following are observable body changes correlated with aging EXCEPT
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body cells absorb more calcuim
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Presbyopia is a condition in which______ is impaired
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near vision
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All of the following decrease with age EXCEPT
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reflex action
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Which group has a 30% higher risk of death than the white population?
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Black
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Which of the following statements more accurately depicts health status of older Americans today?
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Those over age 75 have noticeable physical declines compared with middle-age.
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___ percent of Americans 65 and over live successfully or nearly successfully in the community
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95
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The majority of non institutionalized elders in the U.S. have
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relatively minor chronic conditions
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ADLs includes what tasks?
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washing, feeding, and dressing
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The major killing disease in the U.S. and other industrialized countries is?
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Coronary artery disease
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Artheroschlerosis occurs when
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fat and cholesterol crystals accumulate on the walls of the arteries.
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Which of the following contributes to atherosclerosis?
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high cholesterol and blood pressure A diet high in refined sugars and saturated fats obesity and stress
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An infarct is
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dead heart tissues due to deficient blood supply
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Gender comparisons regarding heart attacks show
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women are more likely to die from a heart attack
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Thrombosis is closely associated with
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Atherosclerosis
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What factor causes an increased risk of developing osteoporosis?
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large body frame
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What is considered as the risk factor for developing coronary heart disease?
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Excess body fat
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The most common cause of accudental death among the elderly is
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Falls
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Treatments for osteoarthritis include
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exercise anti inflammatory drugs and steroids reduction of strain
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The type of arthritis that most often poses problems for those 65 and older is
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osteoarthritis
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Osteoarthritis that occurs late in life is most likely to be
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in the large or overused joints
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Bone loss from inadequate diet, reduced calcium absorption efficiency, and inadequate physical activity can result in a condition called
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osteoporosis
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All of the following are believed to be causes of osteoporosis EXCEPT
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testosterone deficiency
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Among older adults falls are the most common cause of accidental death. Other major causes include
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Suffocation from objects ingested and burns
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Obesity increases problems off
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heart disease diabetes hypertension
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Senescence refers to
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onset of the degenerative process associated with age
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The life expectancy for a child born today is about
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80 years
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A major study of those over 100 years of age found that they died of organic failure due to all of the following EXCEPT
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old age
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Damage theories are based on the idea that
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Aging is the result of accumulated errors
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Our \”biological clock\” beings at
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Conception
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_____ theories of aging propose that as people age they develop a greater capacity to produce antibodies that destroy even normal cells
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Autoimmune
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____ theory of agin proposes that irreplaceable body parts simply wear out
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Cellular wear and tear
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Free radicals are
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highly reactive molecules that mangle vital enzymes and membranes
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Studies of caloric restriction and longevity in animals show that
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With caloric restrictions animals live longer and have a lower incidence of heart disease and cancer
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A nutritional study of elderly sportsmen demonstrated a correlation between maximum oxygen uptake as a measure of physical fitness and
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Vitamin C
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A high fiber diet protects an individual against what ailment(s)
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Constipation and intestinal disease gallstone and cancer diverticulitis
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All of the following factors contribute to nutritional difficulties for the very old EXCEPT
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high levels of cholesterol
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Because of reduced kidney function, elders should eat less______ to avoid kidney strain
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protein
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Exercise for people in late life is
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contributes to health even if not begun until later life
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According to your text, what kind of exercise is specifically stated to benefit the elderly?
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Strength training and flexibility excercises
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A longitudinal study of health and lifestyles of Harvard men found
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humility caused them to be healthy and lived longer
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A longitudinal study of master athletes predicts that athletic performance will not decline significantly until age
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60
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Which of the following personality traits is LEAST likely to be life shortening?
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extrovertion
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A shortened life is statistically correlated with all the following EXCEPT
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divorce in women
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A study of centenarian cited in your text described them as
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having a high intake of saturated fats
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Absolute human life span is the maximum chronological age that a human can live
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T
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Presbyopia is a heart condition
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F
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With aging, the body’s immune system increases in its capacity to protect a person from disease
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F
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Acute diseases decline with age
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T
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Most of the major health problems of old age result from the aging process, rather than the presence of diseases
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F
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A high waist-to-hip ratio of excess body fat was more strongly related to coronary heart disease among men than uniform excess weight over the body
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T
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Coronary disease results in deficient blood supply to the heart
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T
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Some general causes of cancer include an excess amount of fluid ingested
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F
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A recent study of elders with cancer showed cancer substantially reduced their physical function
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F
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Rheumatoid arthritis and gout are rare and more painful than just the general arthritis
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T
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New bone formation is stimulated by medication and diet
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F
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Cell damage is mainly due to changes in one dominate tissue
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F
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Scientists believe that low caloric intake helps protect the immune system
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T
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Women are more likely to live in poverty and have fewer chronic illness that men
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F
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Physicians believe strength-training is inappropriate for elderly over 75 years old
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F
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What factors cause depression in older adults?
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fear of death and constant pain lost of self esteem and confidence medications
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Metamory is
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a self appraisal or self monitoring of memory
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The five senses generally
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lose their sharpness with age
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Sensory memory
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takes in information so rapidly that most of it gets lost
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Selective attention involves
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focusing attention on certain stimuli and inhibiting responses to irrelevant information
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When comparing older and younger adults in task performances, studies have found
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older individuals are more distracted and unable to disregard clutter of irrelevant information
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_____ is the process of evaluating the sensory information carried to the brain
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Perception
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Differences in perception among age groups
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are frequently reported may be due to differences in social isolation may be caused by biological changes
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Which of the following illustrate motor performance?
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pressing a button to turn on a television
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Which of the following is LEAST likely to be affected by psychomotor speed?
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Recalling a happy event
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Reaction time
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differs depending on the task and not the age
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Cognitive pragmatics refers to
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knowledge and life experience
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Which of the following activities is most likely to increase reaction time?
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Aerobic exercise
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Which of the following is NOT a dimension of intelligence conceptualized by Guilford?
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Sensory memory, psychomotor speed, and reaction time
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Measures of intelligence have ben criticized as being ageist because they
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are inadequate to measure applied knowledge
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The Wechsler Adult Intelligence test
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compensates for increasing age
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Fluid intelligence measures
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innate ability to process information
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Crystalized intelligence is
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the measure of knowledge acquired through experience and education
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Longitudinal studies of IQ have found that_____ remain stable with time.
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Verbal skills
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Research suggests decline in intelligence begins to take on significance in the
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70s
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Evidence suggests the most age sensitive mental ability is
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perceptual speed
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Which of the following is more likely to be a problem with a cross sectional, than a longitudinal study?
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younger generations do not do as well on standardized tests.
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The theory of terminal decline or terminal drop proposes
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a precipitous decrease in cognitive functioning occurs one or two years before death.
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Which of the following is LEAST likely to hinder the learning old older adults?
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self-pacing
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Once information is transferred to _______, people of all ages are able to recall it.
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Primary memory
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Working memory refers to
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processing of sensory stimuli to give meaning and transfer to long term storage.
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Which of the following is most likely to illustrate tertiary memory?
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your sisters’s birth
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_____ shows little change with age
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Primary memory
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Being unable to remember a phone number given to you orally long enough to dial the number illustrates a failure of
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Working memory
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TOT, \”Tip of the tongue\” syndrome refers to
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on the verge of recalling a name, date, or event and unable to do it
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In which kind of memory test are older people likely to do as well as if not better than younger people?
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tests of recognition
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Studies of long term memory have found age differences in
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perceptual speed of memory retrieval
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Symptoms of senility are LEAST likely to be due to
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the biological aging process
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Functional disorders
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are of psychological, not physical, origin
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When a person who fears being robbed or mugged will not leave home, gets dozens of locks, and constantly checks them, he or she is most likely to suffer from
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Generalized anxiety disorder
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Constantly washing one’s hands is a symptom of
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obsessive-compulsive disorder
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Recent studies reveal that
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one or two percent of older adults are clinically (severely) depressed
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If a person is lethargic, has low self-esteem, and finds life confusing they may have which type of disorder?
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Affective disorder
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The ______ personality tends to be a solitary person who lacks the capacity for warm, close social relationships
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introverted
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Affective disorders
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are mood disorders
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Speaking a language that seems to be self expression of disturbance in behavior is most likely to be a symptom of
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schizophrenia
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All of the following characterize dementia EXCEPT
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it is a normal part of the aging process
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A lack of awareness of oneself or one’s surroundings is called
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delirium
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Multi-infarct dementia (MID)
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rises from problems with blood flow to the brain
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Dementia from _____ may result from lack of vitamin B12
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alcoholism
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Examination of psychiatric services for the elderly in U.S. and Canada reveal all of the following EXCEPT
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psychiatric services for elders are more accessible in the United States because of universal health insurance.
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Older adults are likely to have incorporated ageist beliefs about memory
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T
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Memory starts our as a thought of recall
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F
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Sensory threshold is the minimum intensity of a stimuli required for a person to perceive it
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T
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The classic aging pattern is high verbal scores and declining performance scores of older adults
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T
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If someone can not remember something, it means learning has not adequately occured
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T
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T.O.T states for Top of the Tongue syndrome
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F
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If used, memory will be maintained or even improve as an individual grows older.
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F
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Senility is an inevitable consequence of growing old
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F
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Most people over 65 who suffer from depression are not receiving and formal psychiatric treatment
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T
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Hypochondria is an indicator of emotional problems
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T
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The most common form of chronic organic brain disease is Parkinson’s disease
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F
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The incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing
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F
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Alcoholism can lead to dementia
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T
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Huntington’s disease symptoms are very similar to Alzheimer disease symptoms
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T
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Parkinson’s disease is more common among women than men
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F
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Which of the following illustrates a change in the American family today?
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The post parental stage of life lasts longer
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Bonds between___ tend to be second only to mother-child ties in intensity and complexity
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siblings
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The authors of your text predict that
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the family support system will become smaller
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A review of previous research on siblings contact reveals
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siblings generally maintain contact with each other
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Research reports the bond of siblings to be_____ than in the past
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more forgiving
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Having more sisters in a family
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increases the level of care to the parents
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Kin relationships in white-collar families differ from those of blue-collar families in which of the following ways?
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White collar families are more likely to geographically scattered
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Urban elders, in contrast to rural elders
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interact more with their children
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The _____ generation family is becoming common in the current population
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3
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Reasons grandparents become parents to grandchildren, according to the text include all of the following EXCEPT
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parents death
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Grandparents who have taken responsibility for raising their grandchildren are likely to experience all of the following EXCEPT
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stress from having little contact with the child’s parent
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Research suggests that, compared to grandparents in other societies, American grandparents
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play a background, supportive role, especially in times of crisis
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Studies of grandparents whose children have divorced show
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about half were friendly with their child’s former spouce
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in a study by Dorothy Apple it was learned that the relationship between grandparents and grandchildren tended to be ______ and ______ in household where grandparents retained little control
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Friendly; informal
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Legal visitation rights between grandparents and grandchildren
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are generally permitted if provisions for visiting the grandparents were made prior to the divorce
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Studies of friendship among the elderly have found
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most elderly friends keep in touch weekly
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Studies of equity and morale have found
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the equitably benefited women had the highest morale
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In elderly women’s friendship networks
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the essential elements of friendship– understanding, affection, trust, and acceptance– endure over time
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According to your text, a confidant is described as
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someone to confide in and share personal problems
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According to your text, a companion is defined as
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someone who regularly shares in activities with you
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The elderly are most likely to join a
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lodge or fraternal organization
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Studies of voluntary particular that controlled for social class found
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being a \”joiner\” is related to middle or upper class lifestyle, and aging does not necessarily change this lifestyle
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Most senior centers operate under
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churches and unions
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Which statement is correct about senior centers
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There will soon be one in every community
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A convoy is
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a network of supportive family and friends
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Studies of convoys found
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some people drop out and others join the convoy after it has begun
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Women are most likely to be keepers of the networks of older people for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
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Elders tend to be both geographically closer to the women in their networks
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The femaleness principle refers to the
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more central roles of women in the network of unmarried people
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Religiosity refers to
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interaction with organized religion
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Spiritual well being refers to
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having a psychological sense of purpose and meaning
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A study of elderly people coping with cancer found hope and more positive mood states were associated with
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high intrinsic religiosity
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Which ethnic group was found to traditionally use the church as a powerful source of social support?
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African Americans
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People age 65 or older are
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most likely of any age group to belong to church-affiliated organizations
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What are some of the factors that discourage remarriage in old age?
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pressure from children respect for the deceased spouse fear of ridicule
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Later life tends to become isolated and stagnant for most elders
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F
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Marriages are likely to last 40 to 70 years
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F
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A persons confidant in life is typically a close friend, not a family member
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F
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A persons relationship with siblings is likely to be the longest relationship in an individuals life
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T
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The baby boomers will be the first cohort in history that has less offspring than siblings
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T
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In terms of level of obligation within the family, siblings ties are more binding than that of marriage of parent to child
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F
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Females maintain closer relationships with family members than do males
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T
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The typical time for coming a grandparent is old age
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F
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Women are more likely than men to look forward to the role of grandparent
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T
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For some grandparents, stepgrandchildren are treated as biological grandchildren
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T
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Older Americans are still likely to live in the communities in which they raised their children
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T
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A companion is someone to confide in and share personal problems with
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F
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Social networks relate to how many online networks one is associated with
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F
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Elders benefit from services of religion groups that minister to the needs of the sick, frail, disables, and homebound
answer

T
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Religion is the fundamental motive for living of the intrinsically religious
answer

F

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