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Abnormal Psychology Ch. 8-10

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The experience of feeling like weeping constantly would be considered a(n) _____of depression.
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emotional
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which of the following would be a behavioral symptom of depression?
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staying in bed for hours during the day
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Since immediately after the birth of her son, Maria has experienced a period of sadness that interferes with her ability to take care of him. She has never felt this way before, but this has been going on for several weeks. With which type of major depression would she MOST likely be diagnosed with?
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postpartum
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If a biochemical imbalance were the cause of a person’s depression, the latest research would lead us to expect to find that person to have:
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an abnormality in the activity of certain neurotransmitters, especially serotonin and norepinephrine
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Cognitive theorists explain depression in terms of a person’s:
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negative interpretation of events
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Which theoretical orientation would support the finding that Westerners experience more psychological symptoms of depression than do others around the world?
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sociocultural
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Depression is more common in women because they experience more taxing life situations, such as poverty, menial jobs, than men. This is the:
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life-stress theory
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The most common cognitive description of someone exhibiting mania is that the person is:
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excessively optimistic with poor judgment
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The difference between bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder is:
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the severity of the manic episodes
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A milder pattern of mood swings that does not reach the severity of bipolar disorder but does include brief depressive and manic episodes is called ____ disorder
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cyclothymic
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Which of the following is an example of an aspect of psychodynamic therapy for depression?
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a therapist questions a client about losses she may have suffered in her past
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Free association, interpretation of association, and dream interpretation are all techniques used primarily by:
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psychodynamic therapists
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A therapists turns on a buzzer when a client speaks slowly and laboriously. She turns it off when the client speaks more rapidly. In other cases the therapist instructs the client’s spouse to ignore his mate when she complains. This is an example of:
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behavioral therapy
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A behavioral therapist is MOST likely to use which of the following in treating a patient with unipolar depression?
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praise for engaging in positive activities
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“I do not know why you think you are a terrible surgeon. You have not lost a patient during an operation in two has years. No one else in the city has that kind of record.” Which orientation is MOST likely to describe the therapist who made this statement?
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cognitive
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.Interpersonal psychotherapists believe that therapy must address:
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role transitions in relationships
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One of the side effects of ECT is:
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memory loss
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Your BEST advice to a friend who is experiencing severe depression would be:
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Try combining cognitive with drug therapy
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Second-generation antidepressants appear to act by:
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selectively blocking the reuptake of serotonin
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Rosita swings between periods of bottomless depressions and high-flying enthusiasm. She never hits the middle. Her physician is MOST likely to recommend treatment with:
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lithium
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What is a parasuicide?
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a failed attempt to commit suicide
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Knowing she was terminally ill, Bonnie swallowed a handful of barbiturates in order to save herself and her family from the final painful months of life. Bonnie is an example of:
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death initiator
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Which of the following does NOT make one at higher risk for suicide?
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learning about suicide
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Emile Durkheim’s theory of suicide fits into the:
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sociocultural model
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A 35-year old woman hobbles into the office of a physician complaining of a debilitating illness that has robbed her of the use of her left leg and right arm. The physician finds no physical basis for her symptoms. She appears totally unaware that the cause of her symptoms may be psychological. The diagnosis would be:
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conversion disorder
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Which of the following is an example of malingering?
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intentionally faking a back problem to avoid military service
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A patient with a heart condition complained of adhesions from his postoperative scar, leg cramps, and joint stiffness. He seemed to be hurting all over, but no medical reason could be found to explain the symptoms. The BEST diagnosis is:
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somatic symptoms (predominant pain)
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A person feels well rested during the day, does not have burning sensations in the stomach, and appears to have normal breathing function. If you are told this person person has a psychosociological disorder, your BEST guess about the disorder:
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hypertension
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Steven tends to fall asleep at the drop of a hat, he would MOST likely be diagnosed with:
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narcolepsy