8th Grade Social Studies Midterm Study Guide

Concurrent Powers
Powers shared between Federal, State, and Local Governments.

Capitalism
An economic system in which trade is controlled by private owners.

Democracy
A representative makes decisions.

Republic
The people get to make decisions

Self-Government
Government controlled by its people.

Confederation
A union of political units for common action in relation to other units.

Limited Government
Personal liberties; and the economy isn’t allowed

Enumerated Powers
A list of items found in the constitution that set forth the authority of congress

Reserved Powers
Approval of another branch in government

Federalism
A system of government where sovereignty is constitutionally shared among the people.

Cash crops
Crops (plants) sold for money

Legislative Branch
A law making branch (branch that creates the laws)

Executive Branch
The branch in charge (the President)

Judicial Branch
The branch that approves laws