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8th Grade Social Studies Midterm Study Guide

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Concurrent Powers
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Powers shared between Federal, State, and Local Governments.
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Capitalism
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An economic system in which trade is controlled by private owners.
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Democracy
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A representative makes decisions.
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Republic
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The people get to make decisions
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Self-Government
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Government controlled by its people.
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Confederation
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A union of political units for common action in relation to other units.
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Limited Government
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Personal liberties; and the economy isn’t allowed
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Enumerated Powers
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A list of items found in the constitution that set forth the authority of congress
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Reserved Powers
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Approval of another branch in government
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Federalism
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A system of government where sovereignty is constitutionally shared among the people.
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Cash crops
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Crops (plants) sold for money
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Legislative Branch
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A law making branch (branch that creates the laws)
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Executive Branch
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The branch in charge (the President)
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Judicial Branch
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The branch that approves laws