8th Grade Social Studies Midterm Study Guide

Concurrent Powers
Powers shared between Federal, State, and Local Governments.
Capitalism
An economic system in which trade is controlled by private owners.
Democracy
A representative makes decisions.
Republic
The people get to make decisions
Self-Government
Government controlled by its people.
Confederation
A union of political units for common action in relation to other units.
Limited Government
Personal liberties; and the economy isn’t allowed
Enumerated Powers
A list of items found in the constitution that set forth the authority of congress
Reserved Powers
Approval of another branch in government
Federalism
A system of government where sovereignty is constitutionally shared among the people.
Cash crops
Crops (plants) sold for money
Legislative Branch
A law making branch (branch that creates the laws)
Executive Branch
The branch in charge (the President)
Judicial Branch
The branch that approves laws